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Table of Contents

 
 
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC 20549
FORM 10-Q
     
þ    Quarterly Report Under Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2010
     
o   Transition Report Under Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission File Number 000-50142
SOLAR POWER, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
     
California   20-4956638
     
(State or other jurisdiction of   (IRS Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization)    
1115 Orlando Avenue
Roseville, CA 95661-5247
 
(Address of principal executive offices)
(916) 745-0900
 
(Issuer’s telephone number, including area code)
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Indicate by check mark whether the issuer (1) filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). o Yes o No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
             
Large accelerated filer o   Accelerated filer o   Non-accelerated filer o   Smaller reporting company þ
        (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No þ
State the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date: 52,292,576 shares of $0.0001 par value common stock outstanding as of August 13, 2010.
 
 

 


 


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PART I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
SOLAR POWER, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands except for share data)
                 
    As of June     As of December  
    30, 2010     31, 2009  
    (unaudited)     (audited)  
ASSETS
               
Current assets:
               
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 2,076     $ 3,136  
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $624 and $395 at June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively and net of deferred revenue
    13,782       17,985  
Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts
    1,393       7,800  
Note receivable, net of deferred revenue — current portion (Note 10)
           
Asset held for sale (Note 2 and 11)
    10,016        
Inventories
    4,915       5,213  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    1,319       1,275  
Restricted cash
    280       280  
     
Total current assets
    33,781       35,689  
 
               
Goodwill
    435       435  
Note receivable, net of deferred revenue and current portion (Note 10)
           
 
               
Restricted cash
    285        
Property, plant and equipment at cost, net
    1,111       1,390  
     
Total assets
  $ 35,612     $ 37,514  
     
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
               
Current liabilities:
               
Accounts payable
  $ 16,410     $ 16,110  
Accrued liabilities
    4,071       4,201  
Deferred revenue
    21        
Income taxes payable
    158       291  
Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts
    753       154  
Loans payable and capital lease obligations
    4,020       260  
     
Total current liabilities
    25,433       21,016  
Loans payable and capital lease obligations, net of current portion
    38       53  
     
Total liabilities
    25,471       21,069  
     
 
               
Commitments and contingencies
               
 
               
Stockholders’ equity
               
Preferred stock, par $0.0001, 20,000,000 shares authorized, none issued and outstanding at June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009
           
Common stock, par $0.0001, 100,000,000 shares authorized 52.292,576 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009
    5       5  
Additional paid in capital
    42,005       41,808  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
    (222 )     (222 )
Accumulated deficit
    (31,647 )     (25,146 )
     
Total stockholders’ equity
    10,141       16,445  
     
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 35,612     $ 37,514  
     
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements

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SOLAR POWER, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands except for share data)
                                 
    For the Three Months Ended     For the Six Months Ended  
    June 30, 2010     June 30, 2009     June 30, 2010     June 30, 2009  
    (unaudited)     (unaudited)     (unaudited)     (unaudited)  
Net Sales
  $ 10,950     $ 10,414     $ 16,782     $ 16,195  
Cost of goods sold
    9,838       8,859       15,048       14,007  
     
Gross profit
    1,112       1,555       1,734       2,188  
     
 
                               
Operating expenses:
                               
General and administrative
    2,365       2,134       4,363       4,436  
Sales, marketing and customer service
    965       837       2,058       1,635  
Engineering, design and product management
    379       193       583       399  
     
Total operating expenses
    3,709       3,164       7,004       6,470  
     
 
                               
Operating loss
    (2,597 )     (1,609 )     (5,270 )     (4,282 )
 
                               
Other income (expense):
                               
Interest expense
    (38 )     (16 )     (43 )     (28 )
Interest income
          1             5  
Other expense, net
    (650 )     (6 )     (1,185 )     (12 )
     
Total other expense
    (688 )     (21 )     (1,228 )     (35 )
     
 
                               
Loss before income taxes
    (3,285 )     (1,630 )     (6,498 )     (4,317 )
 
                               
Income tax expense
                3       3  
     
 
                               
Net loss
  $ (3,285 )   $ (1,630 )   $ (6,501 )   $ (4,320 )
     
 
                               
Net loss per common share
                               
Basic and Diluted
  $ (0.06 )   $ (0.04 )   $ (0.12 )   $ (0.11 )
     
Weighted average number of common shares used in computing per share amounts
                               
Basic and diluted
    52,292,576       37,940,529       52,292,576       37,927,320  
     
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements

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SOLAR POWER, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
                 
    June 30, 2010     June 30, 2009  
    (unaudited)     (unaudited)  
Cash flows from operating activities:
               
Net loss
  $ (6,501 )   $ (4,320 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
               
Depreciation
    314       426  
Stock issued for services
          7  
Stock-based compensation expense
    197       326  
Bad debt expense
    471       279  
Loss on disposal of fixed assets
    4        
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
Accounts receivable and note
    3,732       (4,310 )
Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billing on uncompleted contracts
    (3,358 )     (135 )
Inventories
    314       (1,918 )
Asset held for sale (Note 2 and 11)
    (251 )     (138 )
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    60       21  
Accounts payable
    279       7,836  
Income taxes payable
    (126 )      
Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts
    599       (139 )
Deferred revenue
    21       59  
Accrued liabilities
    (141 )     (90 )
     
Net cash used in operating activities
    (4,386 )     (2,096 )
 
               
Cash flows from investing activities:
               
Acquisitions of property, plant and equipment
    (25 )     (17 )
     
Net cash used in by investing activities
    (25 )     (17 )
 
               
Cash flows from financing activities:
               
Restricted cash collateralizing letters of credit and ACH transactions
    (285 )     (273 )
Principal payments on notes and capital leases payable
    (168 )     (175 )
Net proceeds from financing (Note 12)
    3,899        
Payment of loan fees
    (101 )      
     
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
    3,345       (448 )
     
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
    (1,066 )     (2,561 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
    3,136       5,915  
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
    6       2  
     
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
  $ 2,076     $ 3,356  
     
 
               
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
               
Cash paid for interest
  $ 16     $ 28  
     
Cash paid for income taxes
  $ 126     $ 3  
     
 
               
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:
               
Equipment acquired through notes payable and capital leases
  $ 14     $  
 
           
Amounts reclassified from costs and estimated earnings in excess of billing on uncompleted contracts to assets held for sale
  $ 9,765     $  
 
           
Stock issued for services
  $     $ 7  
 
           
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements

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SOLAR POWER, INC.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
1. Description of Business and Basis of Presentation
Description of Business
     Solar Power, Inc. and its subsidiaries, (collectively the “Company”) engage in sales, installation and integration of photovoltaic systems, and manufactures and sells solar panels and related hardware and cable, wire and mechanical assemblies.
     Our revenue was derived from the sale, installation and integration of photovoltaic systems, sales from our manufactured solar panels, including balance-of-system products, and cable, wire and mechanical assemblies.
Basis of Presentation
     The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited and have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information. They should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and related notes to the financial statements of Solar Power, Inc. for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008 appearing in the Company’s Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 14, 2010. The June 30, 2010 and 2009 unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements on Form 10-Q have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for smaller reporting companies. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in the annual financial statements on Form 10-K have been condensed or omitted pursuant to those rules and regulations, although the Company’s management believes the disclosures made are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, necessary for a fair presentation of the results of operation for the interim periods presented have been reflected herein. The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the entire year.
     The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Solar Power, Inc., and its subsidiaries. Intercompany balances, transactions and cash flows are eliminated on consolidation.
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
     Cash and cash equivalents — Cash and cash equivalents include cash on hand, cash accounts and interest bearing savings accounts. At times, cash balances may be in excess of the various deposit insurance limits of the country in which such balances are held. Limits in the jurisdictions in which we maintain cash deposits are as follows: U.S. FDIC limits are $250,000 per depositor, Hong Kong limits are HK$100,000 (approximately US$12,800) per account, but through 2010 the limit has been raised to 100% of the deposit and in the People’s Republic of China coverage is not afforded on any cash deposit. The Company has not experienced any losses with respect to bank balances in excess of government provided insurance. At June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009, the Company held approximately $2,102,000 and $3,099,000 in bank balances in excess of the insurance limits.
     Inventories — Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market, determined by the first in first out cost method. Work-in-progress and finished goods inventories consist of raw materials, direct labor and overhead associated with the manufacturing process. Provisions are made for obsolete or slow-moving inventory based on management estimates. Inventories are written down based on the difference between the cost of inventories and the net realizable value based upon estimates about future demand from customers and specific customer requirements on certain projects.

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     Anti-dilutive Shares — FASB Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 260, “Earnings per Share,” provides for the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share. Basic earnings per share are computed by dividing income attributable to common shareholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted earnings per share reflects the potential dilution of securities by adding other common stock equivalents, including common stock options, warrants, and restricted common stock, in the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for a period, if dilutive. Potentially dilutive securities are excluded from the computation if their effect is anti-dilutive. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, 0 and 0 shares of common stock equivalents would have been included in the computation of diluted earnings per share, respectively. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009 there were 6,204,070 and 5,597,570 excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share, respectively since their effect would be anti dilutive.
     The following table illustrates the computation of the weighted average shares outstanding used in computing earnings per share in our financial statements:
                                 
    Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
    June 30, 2010     June 30, 2009     June 30, 2010     June 30, 2009  
Weighted Average of Shares Outstanding
                               
Basic
    52,292,576       37,940,529       52,292,576       37,927,320  
Dilutive effect of warrants outstanding
                       
Dilutive effect of stock options outstanding
                       
     
Diluted
    52,292,576       37,940,529       52,292,576       37,927,320  
     
     Plant and equipment — Property, plant and equipment is stated at cost including the cost of improvements. Maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred. Depreciation and amortization are provided on the straight line method based on the estimated useful lives of the assets as follows:
     
Plant and machinery
  5 years
Furniture, fixtures and equipment
  5 years
Computers and software
  3 — 5 years
Equipment acquired under capital leases
  3 — 5 years
Automobiles
  3 years
Leasehold improvements
  the shorter of the estimated life or the lease term
     Revenue recognition — The Company’s two primary business segments include photovoltaic installation, integration and sales and cable, wire and mechanical assemblies. Prior to the quarter ended March 31, 2010, the Company operated in a third segment, franchise/product distribution. During the quarter ended March 31, 2010, the Company reorganized its internal reporting and management structure, combining the operations of franchise/product distribution segment with its photovoltaic installation, integration and sales segment. Segment information for the three and six months ended June 30, 2009 has been restated to give effect to this change (see Note 16).
          Photovoltaic installation, integration and sales — In our photovoltaic systems installation, integration and sales segment, revenue on product sales is recognized when there is evidence of an arrangement, title and risk of ownership have passed (generally upon delivery), the price to the buyer is fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonably assured. Customers do not have a general right of return on products shipped therefore we make no provisions for returns.
Revenue on photovoltaic system construction contracts is generally recognized using the percentage of completion method of accounting. At the end of each period, the Company measures the cost incurred on each project and compares the result against its estimated total costs at completion. The percent of cost incurred determines the amount of revenue to be recognized. Payment terms are generally defined by the contract and as a result may not match the timing of the costs incurred by the Company and the related recognition of revenue. Such differences are recorded as costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts or billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts. The Company determines its customer’s credit worthiness at the time the order is accepted. Sudden and unexpected changes in customer’s financial condition could put recoverability at risk.

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For the year ended December 31, 2009, the Company recognized revenue for one photovoltaic system construction contract using the zero margin method of revenue recognition which was 100% complete at year end. The contract was approximately $19,557,000. During the year ended December 31, 2009 the Company recognized revenue on the system up to the system cost of approximately $14,852,000 deferring revenue of approximately $4,563,000 over the collection period of the outstanding accounts and note receivable and recorded a liability fair-valued at approximately $142,000 related to certain guarantees made by the Company to its customer (see Note 13). The deferred margin has been netted against the note and accounts receivable on our balance sheet as of June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009, (see Note 18). Additionally for the year ended December 31, 2009 and the quarter ended March 31, 2010, the Company used the completed-contract method of revenue recognition for one system installation with a contract value of $12,000,000. Cost incurred in connection with this contract of approximately $5,557,000 and $9,461,000 as of December 31, 2009 and March 31, 2010, respectively, was recorded in costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts. As this customer was unable to perform on its payment obligations under the contract, subsequent to the filing of its Form 10-Q for the first quarter, the Company took possession of the facility and a related power purchase agreement (PPA) in lieu of payment. The Company reclassified amounts recorded in costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts due it of approximately $9,765,000 at the time it took possession of assets held for sale. Subsequent to taking possession of the facility, the Company incurred additional costs of approximately $251,000 to complete the facility, which are also recorded as assets held for sale.
The Company recorded the facility as an asset held for sale based on its evaluation of the guidance under paragraph FASB ASC 360-10-45-9 (see Note 11). Upon completion of the facility during the quarter ended June 30, 2010, the Company obtained financing of $3.9 million collateralized by the facility. The facility is generating cash flows from operations and the Company anticipates receiving approximately $3.3 million of grant-in-lieu investment tax credits. The facility was placed in service on May 26, 2010 and generated revenues of approximately $120,000 during the quarter ended June 30, 2010. Under the terms of the PPA the counterparty is obligated to pay for all power generated by the facility at specified price levels through May 26, 2035.
In our solar photovoltaic business, contract costs include all direct material and labor costs and those indirect costs related to contract performance, such as indirect labor, supplies, tools, repairs, and depreciation costs. Selling and general and administrative costs are charged to expense as incurred. Provisions for estimated losses on uncompleted contracts are made in the period in which such losses are determined. Changes in job performance, job conditions, and estimated profitability, including those arising from contract penalty provisions, and final contract settlements may result in revisions to costs and income and are recognized in the period in which the revisions are determined. Profit incentives are included in revenues when their realization is reasonably assured.
The assets, “Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts” represents revenues recognized in excess of amounts billed. The liability, “Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts,” represents billings in excess of revenues recognized.
          Cable, wire and mechanical assemblies — In our cable, wire and mechanical assemblies business the Company recognizes the sales of goods when there is evidence of an arrangement, title and risk of ownership have passed (generally upon delivery), the price to the buyer is fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonably assured. There are no formal customer acceptance requirements or further obligations related to our assembly services once we ship our products. Customers do not have a general right of return on products shipped therefore we make no provisions for returns. We make determination of our customer’s credit worthiness at the time we accept their order.
     Goodwill — Goodwill is the excess of purchase price over the fair value of net assets acquired. The Company applies FASB ASC 350-20 (Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 142 “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets”), which requires the carrying value of goodwill to be evaluated for impairment on an annual basis, using a fair-value-based approach. No impairment of goodwill has been identified during any of the periods presented.
     Allowance for doubtful accounts — The Company regularly monitors and assesses the risk of not collecting amounts owed to the Company by customers. This evaluation is based upon a variety of factors including: an analysis of amounts current and past due along with relevant history and facts particular to the customer. It requires the Company to make significant estimates, and changes in facts and circumstances could result in material changes in the allowance for doubtful accounts. At June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009 the Company recorded an allowance of approximately $624,000 and $395,000, respectively.
     Stock-based compensation — The Company accounts for stock-based compensation under the provisions of ASC 718, “Share-Based Payment.”) which requires the Company to measure the stock-based compensation costs of share-based compensation

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arrangements based on the grant-date fair value and generally recognizes the costs in the financial statements over the employee requisite service period. Stock-based compensation expense for all stock-based compensation awards granted was based on the grant-date fair value estimated in accordance with the provisions of FASB ASC 718.
     Shipping and handling cost — Shipping and handling costs related to the delivery of finished goods are included in cost of goods sold. During the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, shipping and handling costs expensed to cost of goods sold were approximately $199,000 and $187,000, respectively. During the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, shipping and handling costs expensed to cost of goods sold were approximately $409,000 and $270,000, respectively.
     Advertising costs — Costs for newspaper, television, radio, and other media and design are expensed as incurred. The Company expenses the production costs of advertising the first time the advertising takes place. The costs for this type of advertising were approximately $31,000 and $66,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The costs for this type of advertising were approximately $92,000 and $115,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively.
     Product warranties — We offer the industry standard of 20 years for our solar modules and industry standard five (5) years on inverter and balance of system components. Due to the warranty period, we bear the risk of extensive warranty claims long after we have shipped product and recognized revenue. In our cable, wire and mechanical assemblies business, historically our warranty claims have not been material. In our solar photovoltaic business our greatest warranty exposure is in the form of product replacement. Until the third quarter of fiscal 2007, the Company purchased its solar panels from third-party suppliers and since the third-party warranties are consistent with industry standards we considered our financial exposure to warranty claims immaterial. Certain photovoltaic construction contracts entered into during the year ended December 31, 2007 included provisions under which the Company agreed to provide warranties to the buyer, and during the quarter ended September 30, 2007, the Company began installing its own manufactured solar panels. As a result, the Company recorded the provision for the estimated warranty exposure on these contracts within cost of sales. Since the Company does not have sufficient historical data to estimate its exposure, we have looked to our own historical data in combination with historical data reported by other solar system installers and manufacturers. In our cable, wire and mechanical assemblies business our current standard product warranty for our mechanical assembly product ranges from one to five years. The Company has recorded a warranty provision of approximately $100,000 and $143,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The Company has recorded a warranty provision of approximately $177,000 and $226,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively.
Performance Guarantee: On December 18, 2009, the Company entered into a 10-year energy output guaranty related to the photovoltaic system installed for Solar Tax Partners 1, LLC (“STP”) at the Aerojet facility in Rancho Cordova, CA. The guaranty provided for compensation to STP’s system lessee for shortfalls in production related to the design and operation of the system, but excluding shortfalls outside the Company’s control such as government regulation. The Company believes that probability of shortfalls is unlikely and if they should occur be covered under the provisions of its current panel and equipment warranty provisions.
     Income taxes — We account for income taxes under the liability method. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on differences between financial reporting and tax reporting bases of assets and liabilities and are measured using enacted tax rates and laws that are expected to be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. Realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the weight of available evidence, including expected future earnings. A valuation allowance is recognized if it is more likely than not that some portion, or all of a deferred tax asset will not be realized.
     Foreign currency translation — The consolidated financial statements of the Company are presented in U.S. dollars and the Company expenditures are substantially all in U.S. dollars.
     All assets and liabilities in the balance sheets of foreign subsidiaries whose functional currency is other than U.S. dollars are translated at period-end exchange rates. All income and expenditure items in the income statements of foreign subsidiaries whose functional currency is other than U.S. dollars are translated at average annual exchange rates. Translation gains and losses arising from the translation of the financial statements of foreign subsidiaries whose functional currency is other than the U.S. dollar are not included in determining net income but are accumulated in a separate component of stockholders’ equity as a component of comprehensive income. The functional currency of the Company’s operations in the People’s Republic of China is the Renminbi.

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     Gains and losses resulting from the translation of transactions denominated in foreign currencies are included in other expense, net.
     Aggregate net foreign currency transaction losses included in the statement of operations was approximately $660,000 and $1,600 for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively primarily due to the decline of the value of the Euro to the U.S. Dollar. Aggregate net foreign currency transaction losses included in the statement of operations was approximately $1,195,000 and $3,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively primarily due to the decline of the value of the Euro to the U.S. Dollar.
     Comprehensive income (loss) — FASB ASC 220 “Reporting Comprehensive Income,” establishes standards for reporting comprehensive income and its components in a financial statement that is displayed with the same prominence as other financial statements.
     Comprehensive income, as defined, includes all changes in equity during the period from non-owner sources. Examples of items to be included in comprehensive income, which are excluded from net income, include foreign currency translation adjustments and unrealized gain (loss) of available-for-sale securities. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, comprehensive loss was equal to the net loss for all periods.
     Post-retirement and post-employment benefits — The Company’s subsidiaries which are located in the People’s Republic of China contribute to a state pension scheme on behalf of its employees. The Company recorded approximately $19,000 and $16,000 for expense related to its pension contribution for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The Company recorded approximately $37,000 and $20,000 for expense related to its pension contribution for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively.
     Use of estimates — The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
     Presentation — Prior period presentations have been modified to conform to current presentation.
3. Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
     In June 2009, FASB issued FASB ASC 860 (SFAS No. 166, “Accounting for Transfers of Financial Assets-an amendment of FASB Statement No. 140”). FASB ASC 860 applies to all entities and is effective for annual financial periods beginning after November 15, 2009 and for interim periods within those years. Earlier application is prohibited. A calendar year-end company must adopt this statement as of January 1, 2010. This statement retains many of the criteria of FASB ASC 860 (FASB 140, “Accounting for Transfers and Servicing of Financial Assets and Extinguishments of Liabilities”) to determine whether a transfer of financial assets qualifies for sale accounting, but there are some significant changes as discussed in the statement. Its disclosure and measurement requirements apply to all transfers of financial assets occurring on or after the effective date. Its disclosure requirements, however, apply to transfers that occurred both before and after the effective date. In addition, because FASB ASC 860 eliminates the consolidation exemption for Qualifying Special Purpose Entities, a company will have to analyze all existing QSPEs to determine whether they must be consolidated under FASB ASC 810. The Company does not anticipate the adoption of FASB ASC 860 to have an impact on results of operations, cash flows or financial position.
     In June 2009, FASB issued FASB ASC 810 (SFAS No. 167, “Amendments to FASB Interpretation No. 46(R)”). FASB ASC 810 applies to FASB ASC 860 entities and is effective for annual financial periods beginning after November 15, 2009 and for interim periods within those years. Earlier application is prohibited. A calendar year-end company must adopt this statement as of January 1, 2010. The adoption of FASB ASC 810 did not have an impact on results of operations, cash flows or financial position.
     In August 2009, the FASB issued ASU 2009-05, “Measuring Liabilities at Fair Value. ASU 2009-05 applies to all entities that measure liabilities at fair value within the scope of FASB ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures”. ASU 2009-05 is

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effective for the first reporting period (including interim periods) beginning after issuance, October 1, 2009 for the Company. The adoption of ASU 2009-05 had no impact on results of operations, cash flows or financial position.
     In October 2009, the FASB ratified FASB ASC 605-25 (the EITF’s final consensus on Issue 08-1, “Revenue Arrangements with Multiple Deliverables”). ASC 605-25 is effective for fiscal years beginning on or after June 15, 2010. Earlier adoption is permitted on a prospective or retrospective basis. The Company does not anticipate the adoption of FASB ASC 605-25 to have an impact on results of operations, cash flows or financial position.
     In July 2010, the FASB issued ASU 2010-20, “Disclosures about the Credit Quality of Financing Receivables and the Allowance for Credit Losses”. ASU 2010-20 applies to all entities with financing receivables, excluding short-term trade accounts receivable or receivables measured at fair value or lower of cost or fair value. ASU 2010-20 is effective for interim and annual reporting periods ending after December 15, 2010. The Company does not anticipate the adoption of ASU 2010-20 to have a material impact on results of operations, cash flows or financial position.
4. Inventories
     Inventories consisted of the following (in thousands):
                 
    June 30,   December 31,
    2010   2009
Raw material
  $ 2,603     $ 2,348  
Finished goods
    2,379       2,882  
Work in process
           
Provision for obsolete stock
    (67 )     (17 )
     
 
  $ 4,915     $ 5,213  
     
5. Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets
     Prepaid expenses and other current assets consisted of the following (in thousands):
                 
    June 30,   December 31,
    2010   2009
Rental, equipment and utility deposits
  $ 367     $ 189  
Supplier deposits
    63       606  
VAT — recoverable
    445        
Insurance
    78       188  
Advertising
    133       160  
Loan fees
    101        
Other
    132       132  
     
 
  $ 1,319     $ 1,275  
     

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6. Property, Plant and Equipment
     Property, plant and equipment consisted of the following (in thousands):
                 
    June 30,     December 31,  
    2010     2009  
Plant and machinery
  $ 673     $ 669  
Furniture, fixtures and equipment
    345       345  
Computers and software
    723       715  
Equipment acquired under capital leases
    723       709  
Trucks
    247       246  
Leasehold improvements
    395       410  
     
Total cost
    3,106       3,094  
Less: accumulated depreciation
    (1,995 )     (1,704 )
     
 
  $ 1,111     $ 1,390  
     
     Depreciation expense for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009 was approximately $140,000 and $213,000, respectively. Depreciation expense for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009 was approximately $314,000 and $426,000, respectively.
7. Accrued Liabilities
     Accrued liabilities consisted of the following (in thousands):
                 
    June 30,     December 31,  
    2010     2009  
Accrued payroll and related costs
  $ 781     $ 770  
Sales tax payable
    1,043       874  
Warranty reserve
    1,423       1,246  
Customer deposits
    281       566  
Insurance premium financing
          141  
Accrued commission
    187       276  
Accrued guaranty reserve
    142       142  
Accrued interest
    28        
Other
    186       186  
     
 
  $ 4,071     $ 4,201  
     
8. Income Taxes
     Pursuant to FASB ASC 740 “Accounting for Income Taxes,” income taxes are recorded based on current year amounts payable or refundable, as well as the consequences of events that give rise to deferred tax assets and liabilities. We base our estimate of current and deferred taxes on the tax laws and rates that are currently in effect in the appropriate jurisdiction. Changes in laws or rates may affect the current amounts payable or refundable as well as the amount of deferred tax assets or liabilities.
     Effective January 1, 2007, the Company adopted the provisions of ASC 740, which prescribes a comprehensive model for how a company should recognize, measure, present and disclose in its financial statements uncertain tax positions that the company has taken or expects to take on a tax return. The Company did not have any unrecognized tax benefits or liabilities as of June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009. The Company does not anticipate that its unrecognized tax benefits or liability position will change significantly over the next twelve months.
9. Stock-based Compensation
     The Company accounts for stock compensation expense under the provisions of FASB ASC 718, “Share-Based Payment.” which requires the Company to measure the stock-based compensation costs of share-based compensation arrangements based on the grant-date fair value and recognizes the costs in the financial statements over the employee requisite service period. Stock-based compensation expense for all stock-based compensation awards granted was based on the grant-date fair value estimated in accordance with the provisions of FASB ASC 718.

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     The following table summarizes the consolidated stock-based compensation expense, by type of awards for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009 (in thousands):
                                 
    For Three Months Ended   For the Six Months Ended
    June 30, 2010   June 30, 2009   June 30, 2010   June 30, 2009
Employee stock options
  $ 90     $ 118     $ 181     $ 232  
Stock grants
    8       45       16       94  
     
Total stock-based compensation expense
  $ 98     $ 163     $ 197     $ 326  
     
     The following table summarizes the consolidated stock-based compensation by line item for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009 (in thousands):
                                 
    For Three Months Ended   For the Six Months Ended
    June 30, 2010   June 30, 2009   June 30, 2010   June 30, 2009
General and administrative
  $ 49     $ 119     $ 99     $ 239  
Sales, marketing and customer service
    25       35       50       69  
Engineering, design and product management
    24       9       48       18  
     
Total stock-based compensation expense
    98       163       197       326  
Tax effect on stock-based compensation expense
                       
     
Total stock-based compensation expense after taxes
  $ 98     $ 163     $ 197     $ 326  
     
Effect on net loss per share: Basic and diluted
  $ 0.00     $ 0.00     $ 0.00     $ 0.01  
     
     As stock-based compensation expense recognized in the consolidated statements of operations is based on awards ultimately expected to vest, FASB ASC 718 requires forfeitures to be estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. The Company estimated its pre-vesting forfeiture rate at 10.7% and 7.8% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively.
Valuation Assumptions
Determining Fair Value
     Valuation and Amortization Method — The Company estimates the fair value of service-based and performance-based stock options granted using the Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing formula. The fair value is then amortized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service periods of the awards, which is generally the vesting period. Service-based and performance-based options typically have a five year life from date of grant and vesting periods of three to four years.
     Expected Term — The Company’s expected term represents the period that the Company’s stock-based awards are expected to be outstanding. For awards granted subject only to service vesting requirements, the Company utilizes the simplified method under the provisions of FASB ASC 718-10-S99-1 for estimating the expected term of the stock-based award, instead of historical exercise data. For its performance-based awards, the Company has determined the expected term life to be 5 years based on contractual life, the seniority of the recipient and absence of historical data on the exercise of such options.
     Expected Volatility — The Company uses the historical volatility of the price of its common shares.
     Expected Dividend — The Company has never paid dividends on its common shares and currently does not intend to do so, and accordingly, the dividend yield percentage is zero for all periods.
     Risk-Free Interest Rate — The Company bases the risk-free interest rate used in the Black-Scholes-Merton valuation method upon the implied yield curve currently available on U.S. Treasury zero-coupon issues with a remaining term equal to the expected term used as the assumption in the model.
     During the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, the Company granted 805,000 service-based options fair-valued between $0.24 and $0.52 using the Black-Scholes-Merton model. The vesting for 705,000 of the service-based options will occur over a four-

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year period beginning one year from the date of grant and the vesting period for 100,000 of the service-based options will occur over a one-year period beginning on the date of grant. The Company recorded approximately $98,000 and $163,000 in stock-based compensation expense related to its outstanding grants during the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The Company recorded approximately $197,000 and $326,000 in stock-based compensation expense related to its outstanding grants during the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively.
     Assumptions used in the determination of the fair value of share-based payment awards using the Black-Scholes-Merton model for stock option grants during the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009 were as follows:
                 
    2010     2009  
    Service-based     Service-based  
Expected term
    3.0-3.75       3.75  
Risk-free interest rate
    1.47 %     1.72 %
Volatility
    54 %     88 %
Dividend yield
    0 %     0 %
Equity Incentive Plan
     At June 30, 2010 there were approximately 4,919,295 shares available to be issued under the plan (9% of the outstanding shares of 52,292,526 plus outstanding warrants of 2,366,302). There were 3,837,768 options and restricted shares issued and outstanding under the plan, 164,195 options have been exercised and 917,332 shares are available to be issued.
     The following table summarizes the Company’s stock option activities for the three and six month period ended June 30, 2010:
                                 
            Weighted-        
            Average   Weighted-Average    
            Exercise Price   Remaining   Aggregate Intrinsic
    Shares   Per Share   Contractual Term   Value
Outstanding January 1, 2010
    2,694,400     $ 1.20       2.80     $ 80,832  
Granted
    805,000       1.24       4.76        
Exercised
                       
Forfeited
    (202,500 )     1.00              
     
Outstanding March 31, 2010
    3,296,900       1.22       3.18     $ 197,814  
Granted
                       
Exercised
                       
Forfeited
    (10,000 )     1.00              
     
Outstanding June 30, 2010
    3,286,900     $ 1.22       2.93     $  
     
Exercisable June 30, 2010
    1,708,775     $ 1.23       2.24     $  
     
     There were no options granted during the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009. The weighted-average grant-date fair value of options granted during the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009 was $0.48 and $0.42, respectively.
     The following table summarizes the Company’s restricted stock activities:
         
    Shares  
Outstanding as of January 1, 2010
    550,868  
Granted
     
Exercised
     
Forfeited
     
 
     
Outstanding March 31, 2010
    550,868  
Granted
     
Exercised
     
Forfeited
     
 
     
Outstanding as of June 30, 2010
    550,868  
 
     
Vested as of June 30, 2010
    500,868  
 
     

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     Changes in the Company’s non-vested stock options are summarized as follows:
                                                 
    Service-based Options   Performance-based Options   Restricted Stock
            Weighted-           Weighted-           Weighted-
            Average Grant           Average           Average Grant
            Date Fair           Grant Date           Date Fair
            Value Per           Fair Value           Value Per
    Shares   Share   Shares   Per Share   Shares   Share
Non-vested as of December 31, 2009
    1,044,250     $ 0.71           $       50,000     $ 1.34  
Granted
    805,000       0.48                          
Vested
    (24,475 )     0.74                          
Forfeited
    (202,500 )     0.66                          
     
Non-vested as of March 31, 2010
    1,622,275       0.84                   50,000       1.34  
Granted
                                     
Vested
    (34,150 )     0.69                            
Forfeited
    (10,000 )     0.66                            
     
Non-vested as of June 30, 2010
    1,578,125     $ 0.60                   50,000     $ 1.34  
     
     As of June 30, 2010, there was approximately $475,000, $0 and $48,000 of unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested service-based options, performance-based options and restricted stock grants, respectively. The cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average of 2.24 years for service-based options and .50 years for restricted stock grants. Performance-based options are fully vested. During the six months ended June 30, 2010 there were no changes to the contractual life of any fully vested options.
10. Note Receivable
     On December 22, 2009 the Company entered into a Promissory Note (“Note”) in the amount of three million six hundred thirty thousand one hundred sixty four dollars ($3,630,164) with HEK Partners, LLC (“HEK”) in connection with a completed Engineering, Procurement and Construction Agreement (“EPC”) between Solar Tax Partners 1, LLC (“STP1”) and the Company. The note receivable represented partial consideration for the total commitment due under the EPC of $19,557,000. HEK, the maker of the Note, is the managing partner of STP1 and has agreed to assume this obligation as part of its capital contribution to STP1. HEK will make periodic payments under this Note with a payment of one million dollars ($1,000,000) on or before December 31, 2010 and thereafter will make annual payments, prior to the maturity date, in amounts equal to the percent (10%) of the outstanding principal balance on the Note, with a final payment due on December 31, 2016. Payments will be applied first to any fees or charges due under the Note, second to accrued interest and third to the principal balance. HEK will make the final payment of the balance due on the Note on or before December 31, 2016. The Note bears interest of 6.5% per annum. This note was issued in connection with a construction contract recorded under the zero margin method (see Note 2). At June 30, 2010 deferred revenue of approximately $4,563,000 has been netted against the note receivable and accounts receivable related to the contract. The deferred revenue will be recognized in income as the note and receivable is collected.
11. Asset Held for Sale
     During the quarter ended June 30, 2010 the Company recorded an asset held for sale of approximately $10,016,000. The Company used the guidance under FASB ACS 360-10-45-9 to evaluate the classification, as discussed in Note 2. The asset held for sale resulted from the Company taking possession of a solar facility for which the customer was unable to complete payment. The Company expects that this asset will be sold within the next twelve months and is currently marketing the facility for sale. Accordingly, the asset held for sale is recorded as a current asset in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2010.
12. Note Payable
     On June 1, 2010, the Company and Five Star Bank (“Five Star”) entered into a Loan Agreement (the “Loan Agreement”). Under the Loan Agreement, Five Star agreed to advance a loan in an amount equal to $3,899,000 at an interest rate equal to 8.00% per annum. The Loan Agreement is evidenced by a Promissory Note, which is payable in 120 equal monthly payments of $48,000, commencing on July 15, 2010 through the maturity date of the loan, which is

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June 15, 2020. Borrowings under the Loan Agreement are secured by (i) a blanket security interest in the assets, and (ii) a first priority lien on the easement interest, improvements, and fixtures and other real and personal property related thereto located on the property described in the Loan Agreement. The primary asset is a power generating facility recorded as an asset held for sale which is discussed in Note 11 above. The note payable of $3,899,000 has been recorded as a current liability in the June 30, 2010 balance sheet since if the facility is sold the Note could contractually be required to be paid and the facility is expected to be sold in twelve months.
13. Commitments and Contingencies
     Letters of Credit — At June 30, 2010, the Company had one outstanding standby letter of credit of approximately $225,400 as collateral for its capital lease. The standby letter of credit is issued for a term of one year, maturing in September 2010. Our bank has restricted approximately $280,000 of our cash as collateral for this letter of credit and as collateral for a credit card issued to the Company.
     Additionally, the Company has restricted cash of $285,000 held in an interest bearing account in our name with the lender financing our power generation facility.
     Guarantee of Performance — On August 14, 2007, Solar Power, Inc. entered into a guarantee of the financial performance for its wholly owned subsidiary, Yes! Solar, Inc. in conjunction with the submission of Yes! Solar, Inc’s. Uniform Franchise Disclosure Document (“UFDD”) to the California Department of Corporations. This guarantee is no longer in force of June 30, 2010. The Company discontinued selling franchises in August, 2009. The California Department of Corporations does not have a formal withdrawal process for the UFDD, therefore the Guarantee of Performance will expired along with the UFDD in April, 2010.
     Operating leases — The Company leases premises under various operating leases. Rental expense under operating leases included in the statement of operations was approximately $168,000 and $191,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Rental expense under operating leases included in the statement of operations was approximately $365,000 and $386,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively.
     Guaranty — On December 22, 2009, in connection with an equity funding of our customer, Solar Tax Partners 1, LLC (“STP1”), of the Aerojet I project, the Company along with the STP1’s other investors entered into a Guaranty (“Guaranty”) to provide the equity investor, Greystone Renewable Energy Equity Fund (“Greystone”), with certain guarantees, in part, to secure investment funds necessary to facilitate STP’s payment to the Company under the Engineering, Procurement and Construction Agreement (“EPC”). Specific guarantees made by the Company include the following in the event of the other investors’ failure to perform under the operating agreement:
    Recapture Event — The Company shall be responsible for providing Greystone with payments for losses due to any recapture, reduction, requirement to repay, loss or disallowance of certain tax credits (Energy Credits under Section 48 of Code) or Cash Grant (any payment made by US Dept. of Treasure under Section 1603 of the ARRT of 2009) or if the actual Cash Grant received by Master Tenant is less that the Anticipated Cash Grant (equal to $6,900,000);
 
    Repurchase obligation — If certain criteria occur prior to completion of the Facility, including event of default, if the managing member defaults under the operating agreement or the property or project are foreclosed on, or if the property qualifies for less than 70% of projected credits (computed as an attachment to Master Tenants operating agreement), the Company would be required to fund the purchase of Greystone’s interest in Master Tenant if the managing member failed to fund the repurchase;
 
    Fund Excess Development Costs — The Company would be required to fund costs in excess of certain anticipated development costs;
 
    Operating Deficit Loans — The Company would be required to loan Master Tenant or STP1 monies necessary to fund operations to the extent costs could not be covered by Master Tenant’s or STP1’s cash inflows. The loan would be subordinated to other liabilities of the entity and earn no interest; and
 
    Exercise of Put Options — At the option of Greystone, the Company may be required to fund the purchase by the managing member of Greystone’s interest in Master Tenant under an option exercisable for 9 months following a 63 month period

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      commencing with operations of the Facility. The purchase price would be equal to the greater of the fair value of Greystone’s equity interest in Master Tenant or $951,985.
     Guaranty provisions related to the Recapture Event, Repurchase Obligation and Excess Development Costs guarantees have effectively expired or are no longer applicable as of December 31, 2009. This is because the trigger event for the Company’s potential obligation has either lapsed or been negated (see Note 18). The Company determined that the fair value of such guarantees was immaterial.
     The Company has recorded on its balance sheet, the fair value of the remaining guarantees, at their estimated fair value of $142,000.
     The Company is using the income approach to measure the fair value of its guaranty, specifically an analysis of the present value of the expected cash out flows that would be required by the Company to satisfy its liability under the guaranty (see “Income Approach” discussion), modified to give consideration to what premium would be required by the Company to issue the same guaranty in a standalone arm’s-length transaction with an unrelated party. (See Note 15)
14. Operating Risk
     Concentrations of Credit Risk and Major Customers A substantial percentage of the Company’s net revenue comes from sales made to a small number of customers and are typically sold on an open account basis. Details of customers accounting for 10% or more of total net sales for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively is as follows (in thousands):
                 
    Six Months Ended  
Customer   June 30, 2010     June 30, 2009  
Siemens Transportation
  $     $ 1,778  
Solarmarkt Sued GmbH
    2,053        
Bayer & Raach GmbH
    2,899        
Conergy
          6,090  
Costco New Jersey
          2,204  
     Details of customers representing 10% or more of accounts receivable balances, notes receivable and costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts at June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively are (in thousands):
                 
Customer   June 30, 2010     December 31,
2009
 
Solar Tax Partners 1 LLC
  $ 12,735     $ 12,735  
Less: deferred profit margin
    (4,563 )     (4,563 )
 
           
 
    8,172       8,172  
Solar Tax Partners 2 LLC
          5,557  
     Product Warranties — We offer the industry standard of 20 years for our solar modules and industry standard five (5) years on inverter and balance of system components. Due to the warranty period, we bear the risk of extensive warranty claims long after we have shipped product and recognized revenue. In our cable, wire and mechanical assemblies business, historically our warranty claims have not been material. In our solar photovoltaic business our greatest warranty exposure is in the form of product replacement. Until the third quarter of fiscal 2007, the Company purchased its solar panels from third-party suppliers and since the third-party warranties are consistent with industry standards we considered our financial exposure to warranty claims immaterial. Certain photovoltaic construction contracts entered into during the year ended December 31, 2007 included provisions under which the Company agreed to provide warranties to the buyer, and during the quarter ended September 30, 2007, the Company began installing its own manufactured solar panels. As a result, the Company recorded the provision for the estimated warranty exposure on these contracts within cost of sales. Since the Company does not have sufficient historical data to estimate its exposure, we have looked to historical data reported by other solar system installers and manufacturers. In our cable, wire and mechanical assemblies business our current standard product warranty for our mechanical assembly product ranges from one to five years. The Company has recorded a warranty provision of approximately $100,000 and $143,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The Company

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has recorded a warranty provision of approximately $177,000 and $226,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively.
15. Fair Value of Financial Instruments
     The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents and accounts receivable, costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts, prepayments, short-term notes and capital leases payable, accounts payable, billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts, accrued liabilities, accrued payroll and other payables approximate their respective fair values at each balance sheet date due to the short-term maturity of these financial instruments.
Fair Value of Guarantee
     In accordance with FASB ASC 820-10, the Company used multiple techniques to measure the fair value of guaranty, which are discussed in Note 13, using Level 3 inputs. The Company measured the fair value of its guaranty is by using the income approach, specifically an analysis of the present value of the expected cash out flows that would be required by the Company to satisfy its liability under the guaranty (see “Income Approach” discussion), modified to give consideration to what premium would be required by the Company to issue the same guaranty in a standalone arm’s-length transaction with an unrelated party.
Income Approach
The calculation of the expected cash out flows was performed by developing cash flow models for different scenarios determined by the Company. The Company has modeled seven scenarios, four of which result in the Company incurring cash out flows to cover operating losses as required by our guaranty. These cash out flows were then calculated at their present value using a discount rate of 7.00% (see “Discount Rate” discussion).
The Company then determined weighting that it believes represents reasonable estimates of probability for each scenario. These probabilities are based upon management’s judgment. By applying the weighting of each scenario to the respective present value of cash out flows calculated by the models, the Company has determined that the total expected present value of cash out flows is $63,000. This is considered as the “Base” case for the Company’s income approach used to ultimately calculate the fair value of the guaranty.
Additional Premium
An additional amount was added to the probability weighted cash flows determined above to represent a premium that would be required of the Company to issue the same guaranty in a standalone arm’s-length transaction with an unrelated party. Such amount was estimated by management based upon: (1) the risk that assumptions used in the Base case approach prove unreliable; and (2) the reserves and collateral required to secure performance obligations, by an independent party associated with a planned financing of the STP1 facility by our customer. Judgments which considered the preceding two factors resulted in an estimated premium of $78,000. Adding this premium to the Base case cash flows resulted in what the Company believes to be a reasonable estimate of the fair value for the guaranty of $142,000.
Discount Rate
As noted in our previous response, the Company has determined that 7.00% is an appropriate discount rate for valuing the present value of cash out flows that would be required by the Company under the guaranty. In making this determination the Company considered the Company’s own borrowing rate of 6.75% under its working capital line of credit with China Merchants Bank and the interest rate associated with the planned STP 1 financing by our customer.
16. Geographical Information
     The Company’s two primary business segments include photovoltaic installation, integration and sales and cable, wire and mechanical assemblies. Prior to the quarter end, March 31, 2010, the Company operated in a third segment, franchise/product distribution operations. During that quarter, the Company reorganized its internal reporting and management structure, combining the

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operations of franchise/product distribution segment with its photovoltaic installation, integration and sales segment. Segment information for the three and six months ended June 30, 2009 has been restated to give effect to this change.
     The accounting policies of the segments are the same as those described in the summary of significant accounting policies.
     Contributions of the major activities, profitability information and asset information of the Company’s reportable segments for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009 are as follows:
                                                 
    For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2010     For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2009
(restated)
 
Segment (in thousands)   Net sales     Inter-segment sales     Income (loss)     Net sales     Inter-segment sales     Income (loss)  
Photovoltaic installation, integration and sales
  $ 10,086     $     $ (3,599 )   $ 9,223     $     $ (2,110 )
Cable, wire and mechanical assemblies
    864             314       1,191             480  
     
Segment total
    10,950             (3,285 )     10,414             (1,630 )
Reconciliation to consolidated totals:
                                               
Sales eliminations
                                   
Consolidated totals
                                               
                         
Net sales
  $ 10,950     $             $ 10,414     $          
                         
Loss before income taxes
                  $ (3,285 )                   $ (1,630 )
 
                                           
 
    For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2010     For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2009
(restated)
 
Segment (in thousands)   Net sales     Inter-segment sales     Income (loss)     Net sales     Inter-segment sales     Income (loss)  
Photovoltaic installation, integration and sales
  $ 14,413     $     $ (7,321 )   $ 14,361     $     $ (5,102 )
Cable, wire and mechanical assemblies
    2,369             823       1,834             785  
     
Segment total
    16,782             (6,498 )     16,195             (4,317 )
Reconciliation to consolidated totals:
                                               
Sales eliminations
                                   
Consolidated totals
                                               
                         
Net sales
  $ 16,782     $             $ 16,195     $          
                         
Loss before income taxes
                  $ (6,498 )                   $ (4,317 )
 
                                           
                                 
    For the Three Months     For the Three Months Ended  
    Ended June 30, 2010     June 30, 2009  
Segment (in thousands)   Interest income     Interest expense     Interest income     Interest expense  
Photovoltaic installation, integration and sales
  $     $ 38     $ 1     $ 16  
Cable, wire and mechanical assemblies
                       
     
Consolidated total
  $     $ 38     $ 1     $ 16  
     
                                 
    For the Six Months Ended     For the Six Months  
    June 30, 2010     Ended June 30, 2009  
Segment (in thousands)   Interest income     Interest expense     Interest income     Interest expense  
Photovoltaic installation, integration and sales
  $     $ 43     $ 5     $ 28  
Cable, wire and mechanical assemblies
                       
     
Consolidated total
  $     $ 43     $ 5     $ 28  
     

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The locations of the Company’s identifiable assets are as follows:
                                                 
    June 30, 2010     December 31, 2009  
                    Depreciation                     Depreciation  
    Identifiable     Capital     and     Identifiable     Capital     and  
Segment (in thousands)   assets     expenditure     amortization     assets     expenditure     amortization  
Photovoltaic installation, integration and sales
  $ 34,343     $ 37     $ 280     $ 36,488     $ 53     $ 801  
Cable, wire and mechanical assemblies
    1,269             34       1,026             26  
     
Consolidated total
  $ 35,612     $ 37     $ 314     $ 37,514     $ 53     $ 827  
     
                 
Segment (in thousands)   June 30, 2010     December 31, 2009  
United States
  $ 30,522     $ 31,421  
China (including Hong Kong)
    5,090       6,093  
     
Total
  $ 35,612     $ 37,514  
     
                                                 
    For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2010     For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2009  
    Photovoltaic                     Photovoltaic              
    installation,     Cable, wire and             installation,     Cable, wire and        
    integration and     mechanical             integration and     mechanical        
Segment (in thousands)   sales     assemblies sales     Total     sales     assemblies sales     Total  
United States
  $ 3,123     $ 461     $ 3,584     $ 3,472     $ 1,091     $ 4,563  
Asia
    143             143       4,106             4,106  
Europe
    6,765             6,765       854             854  
Mexico
          403       403             100       100  
Other
    55             55       791             791  
     
Total
  $ 10,086     $ 864     $ 10,950     $ 9,223     $ 1,191     $ 10,414  
     
                                                 
    For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2010     For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2009  
    Photovoltaic                     Photovoltaic              
    installation,     Cable, wire and             installation,     Cable, wire and        
    integration and     mechanical             integration and     mechanical        
Segment (in thousands)   sales     assemblies sales     Total     sales     assemblies sales     Total  
United States
  $ 5,878     $ 1,421     $ 7,299     $ 4,586     $ 1,658     $ 6,244  
Asia
    316             316       6,885             6,885  
Europe
    8,142             8,142       2,099             2,099  
Mexico
          948       948             176       176  
Other
    77             77       791             791  
     
Total
  $ 14,413     $ 2,369     $ 16,782     $ 14,361     $ 1,834     $ 16,195  
     

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17. Related Party
     In the fourth quarter of 2009, the Company completed a system installation under an Engineering, Procurement and Construction Contract (“EPC”) entered into with Solar Tax Partners I, LLC, a California limited liability company (“STP1”). Subsequent to the end of fiscal 2009, Stephen C. Kircher, our Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board, and his wife, Lari K. Kircher, as Co-Trustees of the Kircher Family Irrevocable Trust dated December 29, 2004 (“Trust”) was admitted as a member of STP1. The trust made a capital contribution of $20,000 and received a 35% membership interest in STP1. Stephen C. Kircher, as trustee of the Trust was appointed a co-manager of STP1. Neither Stephen C. Kircher nor Lari K. Kircher are beneficiaries under the Trust.
     In connection with the loan agreement (see Note 18), on July 29, 2010, each of Mr. Kircher, individually, and the Trust guaranteed up to $450,000 and $1,500,000, respectively, of STP’s indebtedness and obligations under the loan agreement. In addition, on July 29, 2010, the Trust entered in a Stock Pledge Agreement with Umpqua Bank whereby the Trust agreed to pledge 2,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock that the Trust owns as security for the Trust’s guaranty.
18. Subsequent Event
     On July 29, 2010, our customer, Solar Tax Partners 1, LLC (“STP”) entered into a loan agreement whereby the lender ( Bank) agreed to loan $9,950,000 to STP to fund a portion of the amounts due to us for the construction of its photovoltaic system. We received $7,764,000 in cash including $1,000,000 which was deposited by us into an account with the bank and pleged as collateral for the loan to STP. Unless STP incurs a default under the loan to the bank, this restricted cash will remain in an interest earning account until the pledge requirement is lifted in 2015. An additional $1,188,000 was placed into escrow as the result of the partial denial of cash grants by the US Department of Treasury associated with the project claimed by STP and its investors. Under the terms of the operating agreement of STP, should such cash grants , which are payable to the equity investor in STP (Greystone), ultimately be denied by the Department of Treasury, other investors (HEK Partners) of STP are obligated to pay the difference to Greystone. STP is in the process of appealing the denial.
     As discussed in Note 13, the Company has provided Greystone certain guarantees involving obligations of HEK Partners in STP, including their obligation to repay any disallowed tax credits/ cash grants (“Recapture Event”). At December 31, 2009 the Company had determined that its potential obligation for a Recapture Event had been effectively negated with the completion of the facility at the originally contracted price. Further it gave consideration to its potential exposure, even if such an event were to occur, and determined that the fair value of any such liability was immaterial. In light of the partial denial noted above the Company has reconsidered its determination and continues to believe that the fair value of the liability associated with its guarantee of the investors obligations for a recapture event is minimal. In making this determination the Company considered that STP and its advisors believe that STP will be successful in its appeal process, however should the escrow funds be distributed to the Greystone the Company will be repaid by a promissory note from HEK Partners with a maturity date and principal balance to be determined, with periodic principal payments and an interest rate of 6.5%.
     The Company agreed to the creation of the escrow account at the request of Greystone and was not required to do so under the terms of its guaranty or other contractual arrangements. As previously disclosed the Company has not recognized profit from the STP I project and continues to believe that all recorded amounts related to the project are recoverable. Prior to the funding we received a payment of $450,000 from STP. As a result, the amount due us as of July 29,2010 is $4,521,000 consisting of a note receivable (see Note 11) and accounts receivable of $891,000. These amounts are prior to the offset of unrecognized profit of $4,563,000.

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Item 2.
     MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Factors That May Affect Future Results
     This Current Report on Form 10-Q and other written reports and oral statements made from time to time by the Company may contain so-called “forward-looking statements,” all of which are subject to risks and uncertainties. One can identify these forward-looking statements by their use of words such as “expects,” “plans,” “will,” “estimates,” “forecasts,” “projects” and other words of similar meaning. One can identify them by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. These statements are likely to address the Company’s growth strategy, financial results and product and development programs. One must carefully consider any such statement and should understand that many factors could cause actual results to differ from the Company’s forward-looking statements. These factors include inaccurate assumptions and a broad variety of other risks and uncertainties, including some that are known and some that are not. No forward-looking statement can be guaranteed and actual future results may vary materially. The Company does not assume the obligation to update any forward-looking statement. One should carefully evaluate such statements in light of factors described in the Company’s filings with the SEC, especially on Forms 10-K. In various filings the Company has identified important factors that could cause actual results to differ from expected or historic results. One should understand that it is not possible to predict or identify all such factors. Consequently, the reader should not consider any such list to be a complete list of all potential risks or uncertainties.
     The following discussion is presented on a consolidated basis, and analyzes our financial condition and results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009.
     Unless the context indicates or suggests otherwise reference to “we”, “our”, “us” and the “Company” in this section refers to the consolidated operations of Solar Power, Inc. and its subsidiaries.
Overview
     We manufacture photovoltaic panels or modules and balance of system components in our Shenzhen, China manufacturing facility. We sell these products through two distinct sales channels: 1) direct product sales to international and domestic markets and 2) our own use in building commercial and residential solar projects in the U.S. In addition to our solar revenue, we generate revenue from our cable, wire and mechanical assemblies segment. Our cable wire and mechanical assembly products are also manufactured in our China facility and sold into the transportation and telecommunications markets. Currently, the factory has an annual production capacity of approximately 50 megawatts of photovoltaic solar modules and balance of system products. The un-utilized capacity is being reserved for photovoltaic module and balance of system expansion.
     Our business is conducted by Solar Power, Inc. and through our wholly-owned subsidiaries, Yes! Construction Services, Inc. (“YCS”), International Assembly Solutions Limited (a Hong Kong company) (“IASHK”) and IAS Electronics (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd. (“IAS Shenzhen”).
     YCS is engaged in the business of design, sales and installation of photovoltaic (“PV”) solar systems for small commercial, and residential markets.
     IASHK is engaged in sales of our cable, wire and mechanical assemblies business.
     IAS Shenzhen is engaged in manufacturing our solar modules, our balance of system products and our cable, wire and mechanical assemblies business.

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     Management is considering the effect of the following industry trends as they impact the manufacturing of complete photovoltaic systems and our planned business model:
    Solar cell pricing trends around the world: Recently the key material in the production of solar cells (silicon) has been decreasing in price due to increase of new silicon factories coming on line. Solar cells are the major component of cost in a photovoltaic module. The Company currently purchases its products at “spot” market pricing, allowing us to take advantage of declining silicon prices. To date the Company has entered into one long-term supply agreement for solar cells at which the price is fixed, but there is no financial commitment on the part of the Company to take delivery of cells. Our intent is to secure ample solar cell supply to meet our growth needs and to avoid the risk of long-term contract pricings with suppliers whose products are expected to see a decline in the average selling price. Industry experts believe that additional planned expansion of silicon processing factories coming on line will produce enough raw materials to create an oversupply on projected demand. Failure to effectively manage our supply will hinder our expected growth and increased component costs may have an adverse affect on the Company’s profitability.
 
    Government subsidies: Federal and State subsidies relating directly to solar installations are an important factor in the planned growth of the solar industry. These subsidies are very important to growing the market for photovoltaic systems because they provide a significant economic incentive to all buyers. Without these incentives, industry growth would likely stall. These regulations are constantly being amended and will have a direct effect on our rollout of our distribution network among those states that offer superior incentives to the solar industry.
 
    Global economic conditions: While there has been deterioration in the global economic condition of the financial markets, affecting most segments of industry and commerce, the Company is positioned in the renewable energy segment which remains strong. Since our customers may depend on financial markets for financing of solar installations, the Company is responding by seeking financing sources for its customers. Failure to secure these sources may have an adverse affect on the Company’s business opportunities and profitability.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
     Inventories — Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market, determined by the first in first out cost method. Work-in-progress and finished goods inventories consist of raw materials, direct labor and overhead associated with the manufacturing process. Provisions are made for obsolete or slow-moving inventory based on management estimates. Inventories are written down based on the difference between the cost of inventories and the net realizable value based upon estimates about future demand from customers and specific customer requirements on certain projects.
     Goodwill — Goodwill is the excess of purchase price over the fair value of net assets acquired. The Company applies FASB ASC 350-20 (Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 142 “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets”), which requires the carrying value of goodwill to be evaluated for impairment on an annual basis, using a fair-value-based approach. No impairment of goodwill has been identified during any of the periods presented.
     Revenue recognition — The Company’s two business segments include photovoltaic installation, integration and sales and cable and wire and mechanical assemblies. Prior to the quarter ended March 31, 2010, the Company operated in a third segment, franchise/product distribution. During the quarter ended March 31, 2010, the Company reorganized its internal reporting and management structure, combining the operations of franchise/product distribution segment with its photovoltaic installation, integration and sales segment. Segment information for the three and six months ended June 30, 2009 has been restated to give effect to this change (see Note 16).
     Photovoltaic installation, integration and sales — In our photovoltaic systems installation, integration and sales segment, revenue on product sales is recognized when there is evidence of an arrangement, title and risk of ownership have passed (generally upon delivery), the price to the buyer is fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonably assured. Customers do not have a general right of return on products shipped therefore we make no provisions for returns.

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Revenue on photovoltaic system construction contracts is generally recognized using the percentage of completion method of accounting. At the end of each period, the Company measures the cost incurred on each project and compares the result against its estimated total costs at completion. The percent of cost incurred determines the amount of revenue to be recognized. Payment terms are generally defined by the contract and as a result may not match the timing of the costs incurred by the Company and the related recognition of revenue. Such differences are recorded as costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts or billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts. The Company determines its customer’s credit worthiness at the time the order is accepted. Sudden and unexpected changes in customer’s financial condition could put recoverability at risk.
For the year ended December 31, 2009, the Company recognized revenue for one photovoltaic system construction contract using the zero margin method of revenue recognition which was 100% complete at year end. The contract was approximately $19,557,000. During the year ended December 31, 2009 the Company recognized revenue on the system up to the system cost of approximately $14,852,000 deferring revenue of approximately $4,563,000 over the collection period of the outstanding accounts and note receivable and recorded a liability fair-valued at approximately $142,000 related to certain guarantees made by the Company to its customer (see Note 13). The deferred margin has been netted against the note and accounts receivable on our balance sheet as of June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009, see Note 18. Additionally for the year ended December 31, 2009 and the quarter ended March 31, 2010, the Company used the completed-contract method of revenue recognition for one system installation with a contract value of $12,000,000. Cost incurred in connection with this contract of approximately $5,557,000 and $9,461,000 as of December 31, 2009 and March 31, 2010, respectively, was recorded in costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts. As this customer was unable to perform on its payment obligations under the contract, subsequent to the filing of its Form 10-Q for the first quarter, the Company took possession of the facility and a related power purchase agreement (PPA) in lieu of payment. The Company reclassified amounts recorded in costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts due it of approximately $9,765,000 at the time it took possession of assets held for sale. Subsequent to taking possession of the facility, the Company incurred additional costs of approximately $251,000 to complete the facility, which are also recorded as Assets held for sale.
The Company recorded the facility as an asset held for sale based on its evaluation of the guidance under paragraph FASB ASC 360-10-45-9, see Note 4. Upon completion of the facility during the quarter ended June 30, 2010, the Company obtained financing of $3.9 million collateralized by the facility. The facility is generating cash flows from operations and the Company anticipates receiving approximately $3.3 million of grant-in-lieu investment tax credits. The facility was placed in service on May 26, 2010 and generated revenues of approximately $120,000 during the quarter ended June 30, 2010. Under the terms of the PPA the counterparty is obligated to pay for all power generated by the facility at specified price levels through May 26, 2035.
In our solar photovoltaic business, contract costs include all direct material and labor costs and those indirect costs related to contract performance, such as indirect labor, supplies, tools, repairs, and depreciation costs. Selling and general and administrative costs are charged to expense as incurred. Provisions for estimated losses on uncompleted contracts are made in the period in which such losses are determined. Changes in job performance, job conditions, and estimated profitability, including those arising from contract penalty provisions, and final contract settlements may result in revisions to costs and income and are recognized in the period in which the revisions are determined. Profit incentives are included in revenues when their realization is reasonably assured.
The assets, “Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts” represents revenues recognized in excess of amounts billed. The liability, “Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts,” represents billings in excess of revenues recognized.
          Cable, wire and mechanical assemblies — In our cable, wire and mechanical assemblies business, the Company recognizes the sales of goods when there is evidence of an arrangement, title and risk of ownership have passed (generally upon delivery), the price to the buyer is fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonably assured. There are no formal customer acceptance requirements or further obligations related to our assembly services once we ship our products. Customers do not have a general right of return on products shipped therefore we make no provisions for returns. We make determination of our customer’s credit worthiness at the time we accept their order.
     Allowance for doubtful accounts — The Company regularly monitors and assesses the risk of not collecting amounts owed to the Company by customers. This evaluation is based upon a variety of factors including: an analysis of amounts current and past due along with relevant history and facts particular to the customer. It requires the Company to make significant estimates, and changes in

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facts and circumstances could result in material changes in the allowance for doubtful accounts. At March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009 the Company recorded an allowance of approximately $624,000 and $395,000, respectively.
     Stock-based compensation — The Company accounts for stock-based compensation under the provisions of FASB ASC 718, “Share-Based Payment.”) which requires the Company to measure the stock-based compensation costs of share-based compensation arrangements based on the grant-date fair value and generally recognizes the costs in the financial statements over the employee requisite service period. Stock-based compensation expense for all stock-based compensation awards granted was based on the grant-date fair value estimated in accordance with the provisions of FASB ASC 718.
     Product warranties — We offer the industry standard of 20 years for our solar modules and industry standard five (5) years on inverter and balance of system components. Due to the warranty period, we bear the risk of extensive warranty claims long after we have shipped product and recognized revenue. In our cable, wire and mechanical assemblies business, historically our warranty claims have not been material. In our solar photovoltaic business our greatest warranty exposure is in the form of product replacement. Until the third quarter of fiscal 2007, the Company purchased its solar panels from third-party suppliers and since the third-party warranties are consistent with industry standards we considered our financial exposure to warranty claims immaterial. Certain photovoltaic construction contracts entered into during the year ended December 31, 2007 included provisions under which the Company agreed to provide warranties to the buyer, and during the quarter ended September 30, 2007, the Company began installing its own manufactured solar panels. As a result, the Company recorded the provision for the estimated warranty exposure on these contracts within cost of sales. Since the Company does not have sufficient historical data to estimate its exposure, we have looked to our own historical data in combination with historical data reported by other solar system installers and manufacturers. In our cable, wire and mechanical assemblies business our current standard product warranty for our mechanical assembly product ranges from one to five years. The Company has recorded a warranty provision of approximately $100,000 and $143,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. he Company has recorded a warranty provision of approximately $177,000 and $226,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively.
Performance Guarantee: On December 18, 2009, the Company entered into a 10-year energy output guaranty related to the photovoltaic system installed for Solar Tax Partners 1, LLC (“STP”) at the Aerojet facility in Rancho Cordova, CA. The guaranty provided for compensation to STP’s system lessee for shortfalls in production related to the design and operation of the system, but excluding shortfalls outside the Company’s control such as government regulation. The Company believes that probability of shortfalls is unlikely and if they should occur be covered under the provisions of its current panel and equipment warranty provisions.
     Income taxes — We account for income taxes under the liability method. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on differences between financial reporting and tax reporting bases of assets and liabilities and are measured using enacted tax rates and laws that are expected to be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. Realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the weight of available evidence, including expected future earnings. A valuation allowance is recognized if it is more likely than not that some portion, or all of a deferred tax asset will not be realized.
     Foreign currency translation — The consolidated financial statements of the Company are presented in U.S. dollars and the Company expenditures are substantially all in U.S. dollars.
     All assets and liabilities in the balance sheets of foreign subsidiaries whose functional currency is other than U.S. dollars are translated at period-end exchange rates. All income and expenditure items in the income statements of foreign subsidiaries whose functional currency is other than U.S. dollars are translated at average annual exchange rates. Translation gains and losses arising from the translation of the financial statements of foreign subsidiaries whose functional currency is other than the U.S. dollar are not included in determining net income but are accumulated in a separate component of stockholders’ equity as a component of comprehensive income. The functional currency of the Company’s operations in the People’s Republic of China is the Renminbi.
     Gains and losses resulting from the translation of transactions denominated in foreign currencies are included in other expense, net.
     Aggregate net foreign currency transaction losses included in the statement of operations was approximately $660,000 and $1,600 for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively primarily due to the decline of the value of the Euro to the U.S. Dollar. Aggregate net foreign currency transaction losses included in the statement of operations was approximately $1,195,000 and $3,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively primarily due to the decline of the value of the Euro to the U.S. Dollar.

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     Comprehensive income (loss) — FASB ASC 220 “Reporting Comprehensive Income,” establishes standards for reporting comprehensive income and its components in a financial statement that is displayed with the same prominence as other financial statements.
     Comprehensive income, as defined, includes all changes in equity during the period from non-owner sources. Examples of items to be included in comprehensive income, which are excluded from net income, include foreign currency translation adjustments and unrealized gain (loss) of available-for-sale securities. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, comprehensive loss was equal to net loss for all periods.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Results of Operations
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2010, as compared to Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2009
Net Sales
     Net sales for the three months ended June 30, 2010 increased 5% to approximately $10,950,000 from approximately $10,414,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2009.
     Net sales for the three months ended June 30, 2010, in the photovoltaic installation, integration and product sales segment, increased 9.5% to approximately $10,086,000 from approximately $9,223,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2009. The increase in sales in this segment was attributable to the increase in revenue from installation and integration sales and product sales. The Company expects installation and integration revenues will increase during subsequent quarters as new installation projects begin to install.
     Net sales for the three months ended June 30, 2010, in the cable, wire and mechanical assemblies segment, decreased 27.5% to approximately $864,000 from approximately $1,191,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2009. The decrease is attributable to a decrease in sales to one customer who pushed out delivery of orders previously placed. This is the legacy segment of the Company’s business. The Company expects to continue to service the customers it has in this segment. Sales in this segment are expected to fluctuate from quarter to quarter during fiscal 2010.
     Net sales for the six months ended June 30, 2010 increased 3.6% to approximately $16,782,000 from approximately $16,195,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2009.
     Net sales for the six months ended June 30, 2010, in the photovoltaic installation, integration and product sales segment, increased 0.4% to approximately $14,413,000 from approximately $14,361,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2009. The increase in sales in this segment was attributable to the increase in revenue from installation and integration sales and product sales. The Company expects installation and integration revenues will increase during subsequent quarters as new installation projects begin to install.
     Net sales for the six months ended June 30, 2010, in the cable, wire and mechanical assemblies segment, increased 29.2% to approximately $2,369,000 from approximately $1,834,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2009. The increase is attributable to a increase in sales to one customer who increased orders in the first quarter. This is the legacy segment of the Company’s business. The

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Company expects to continue to service the customers it has in this segment. Sales in this segment are expected to fluctuate from quarter-to-quarter during fiscal 2010.
     During the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, the Company did not operate in the franchise portion of the segment franchise/product distribution operations. The Company discontinued its franchise operations in the third quarter of 2009 and this segment’s solar product sales have been combined with the photovoltaic installation, integration and product sales segment.
Cost of Goods Sold
          Cost of goods sold were approximately $9,838,000 (89.8% of net sales) and approximately $8,859,000 (85.1% of net sales) for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively.
          Cost of goods sold in the photovoltaic installation, integration and product sales segment was approximately $9,305,000 (92.3% of sales) for the three months ended June 30, 2010 compared to approximately $8,182,000 (89.2% of net sales) for the three months ended June 30, 2009. The increase in costs of goods sold as a percentage of sales over the comparative period is attributable to the decrease in construction activity which would have absorbed overhead.
          Cost of goods sold in the cable, wire and mechanical assembly segment were approximately $533,000 (61.7% of net sales) for the three months ended June 30, 2010 compared to approximately $670,000 (56.3% of net sales) for the three months ended June 30, 2009. The increase is attributable to a change in product mix during the quarter. The Company expects that margin will continue to vary with product mix in this segment.
          Cost of goods sold were approximately $15,048,000 (89.7% of net sales) and approximately $14,007,000 (86.5% of net sales) for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively.
          Cost of goods sold in the photovoltaic installation, integration and product sales segment was approximately $13,555,000 (94.0% of sales) for the six months ended June 30, 2010 compared to approximately $13,000,000 (90.5% of net sales) for the six months ended June 30, 2009. The increase in costs of goods sold as a percentage of sales over the comparative period is attributable to the decrease in construction activity which would have absorbed overhead.
          Cost of goods sold in the cable, wire and mechanical assembly segment were approximately $1,493,000 (63.0% of net sales) for the six months ended June 30, 2010 compared to approximately $1,000,000 (54.5% of net sales) for the three months ended June 30, 2009. The increase is attributable to a change in product mix during the quarter. The Company expects that margin will continue to vary with product mix in this segment.
          During the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, the Company did not operate in the franchise portion of the segment franchise/product distribution operations. The Company discontinued its franchise operations in the third quarter of 2009 and this segment’s solar product costs of goods sold have been combined with the photovoltaic installation, integration and product sales segment.
General and Administrative Expense
          General and administrative expense was approximately $2,365,000 and $2,134,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively, an increase of 10.8%. As a percentage of sales, general and administrative expense was 21.6% and 20.5% for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The increase in costs for the three months ended June 30, 2010 over the

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comparative period is primarily due to increases in bad debt expenses over the comparative period due to the write off of an uncollectable balance from a single customer. Significant elements of general and administrative expense for the three months ended June 30, 2010 were employee related expenses of approximately $902,000, professional and consulting fees of approximately $409,000, rent, telephone and utilities of approximately $99,000, travel and lodging of approximately $39,000, depreciation expense of approximately $93,000 and stock-based compensation expense of approximately $50,000. Significant elements of general and administrative expense for the three months ended June 30, 2009 were employee related expenses of approximately $1,090,000, professional and consulting fees of approximately $287,000, rent, telephone and utilities of approximately $169,000, travel and lodging of approximately $59,000, depreciation expense of approximately $111,000 and stock-based compensation expense of approximately $119,000. The Company expects that general and administrative expense will decrease in the future.
          General and administrative expense was approximately $4,363,000 and $4,436,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively, a decrease of 1.6%. As a percentage of sales, general and administrative expense was 26.0% and 27.4% for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The decrease in costs for the six months ended June 30, 2010 over the comparative period is primarily due to increases in and bad debt expenses over the comparative period offset by decreased employee costs. Significant elements of general and administrative expense for the six months ended June 30, 2010 were employee related expenses of approximately $1,782,000, professional and consulting fees of approximately $930,000, rent, telephone and utilities of approximately $229,000, travel and lodging of approximately $86,000, depreciation expense of approximately $198,000 and stock-based compensation expense of approximately $100,000. Significant elements of general and administrative expense for the six months ended June 30, 2009 were employee related expenses of approximately $2,204,000, professional and consulting fees of approximately $553,000, rent, telephone and utilities of approximately $344,000, travel and lodging of approximately $90,000, depreciation expense of approximately $223,000 and stock-based compensation expense of approximately $239,000. The Company expects that general and administrative expense will decrease in the future.
Sales, Marketing and Customer Service Expense
     Sales, marketing and customer service expense was $965,000 and $837,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively, an increase of 15.3%. As a percentage of sales revenues, sales, marketing and customer service expense was 8.8% and 8.0%, respectively. The increase in sales, marketing and customer service expense over the comparative period was primarily due to an increase in commission expense related to the development new projects under Engineering Procurement and Construction (“EPC”) arrangements. Significant elements of sales, marketing and customer service expense for the three months ended June 30, 2010 were employee related expense of approximately $457,000, advertising expense of approximately $31,000, stock-based compensation expense of approximately $25,000, commission expense of approximately $182,000, rent, telephone and utilities of approximately $64,000, consulting fees approximately $40,000, customer care costs of approximately $20,000 and travel expenses of approximately $38,000. Significant elements of sales, marketing and customer service expense for the three months ended June 30, 2009 were employee related expense of approximately $469,000, advertising expense of approximately $66,000, stock-based compensation expense of approximately $35,000, commission expense of approximately $40,000, rent telephone and utilities of approximately $32,000, development costs of approximately $47,000, customer care costs of approximately $11,000 and travel expenses of approximately $35,000. The Company expects that sales, marketing and customer service expense, as a percentage of sales, will continue at similar rates in future periods.
     Sales, marketing and customer service expense was $2,058,000 and $1,635,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively, an increase of 25.9%. As a percentage of sales revenues, sales, marketing and customer service expense was 12.3% and 10.1%, respectively. The increase in sales, marketing and customer service expense over the comparative period was primarily due to an increase in commission expense related to the development new projects under EPC arrangements. Significant elements of sales, marketing and customer service expense for the six months ended June 30, 2010 were employee related expense of approximately $877,000, advertising expense of approximately $92,000, stock-based compensation expense of approximately $49,000, commission expense of approximately $378,000, rent, telephone and utilities of approximately $146,000, consulting fees approximately $198,000, customer care costs of approximately $51,000 and travel expenses of approximately $73,000. Significant elements of sales, marketing and customer service expense for the six months ended June 30, 2009 were employee related expense of approximately $913,000, advertising expense of approximately $115,000, stock-based compensation expense of approximately $69,000, commission expense of approximately $67,000, rent telephone and utilities of approximately $69,000, development costs of approximately $70,000, customer care costs of approximately $80,000 and travel expenses of approximately $56,000. The Company expects that sales, marketing and customer service expense, as a percentage of sales, will continue at similar rates in future periods.

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Engineering, design and product management
          Engineering, design and product management expense was $379,000 and $193,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The increase in engineering, design and product management costs primarily related to increases in employee and product certification costs. Significant elements of product development expense for the three months ended June 20, 2010 were employee related expense of approximately $182,000, product development and certification costs of approximately $156,000 and stock-based compensation costs of $24,000. Significant elements of product development expense for the three months ended June 30, 2009 were employee related expense of approximately $121,000 and product certification and testing costs of approximately $61,000. The Company expects that product development costs will continue at their current rate in fiscal 2010 as it expands this activity.
          Engineering, design and product management expense was $583,000 and $399,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The increase in engineering, design and product management costs primarily related to increases in employee costs. Significant elements of product development expense for the six months ended June 20, 2010 were employee related expense of approximately $362,000, product development and certification costs of approximately $132,000 and stock-based compensation costs of $48,000. Significant elements of product development expense for the six months ended June 30, 2009 were employee related expense of approximately $234,000 and product certification and testing costs of approximately $143,000. The Company expects that product development costs will continue at their current rate in fiscal 2010 as it expands this activity.
Interest income / expense
          Interest expense was approximately $38,000 and $16,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Interest expense consisted of interest expense of approximately $11,000 on the Company’s capital lease and loans payable and approximately $27,000 on the loan financing the Company’s power generation facility recorded as an asset held for sale.
          Interest expense was approximately $43,000 and $28,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Interest expense consisted of interest expense of approximately $16,000 on the Company’s capital lease and loans payable and approximately $27,000 on the loan financing the Company’s power generation facility recorded as an asset held for sale.
Other expense, net
     Other expense, net was approximately $650,000 and $6,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The change was primarily attributable to an increase in currency losses of approximately $660,000 due to the decline in the value of the Euro.
     Other expense, net was approximately $1,185,000 and $12,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The change was primarily attributable to an increase in currency losses of approximately $1,195,000 due to the decline in the value of the Euro.
Income Tax Expense
          The Company provided income tax expense of approximately $0 and $3,000 each for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The Company is currently in a net loss position and has only provided for statutory minimum taxes.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
     A summary of the sources and uses of cash and cash equivalents is as follows:
                 
    Six Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
(in thousands)   June 30, 2010     June 30, 2009  
             
Net cash used in operating activities
  $ (4,386 )   $ (2,096 )
Net cash used in investing activities
    (25 )     (17 )
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
    3,345       (448 )
     
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
  $ (1,066 )   $ (2,561 )
     

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     As of June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009, we had approximately $2,076,000 and $3,136,000 in cash and cash equivalents, respectively.
     Net cash used in operating activities of approximately $4,386,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2010 was primarily a result of a net loss of approximately $6,501,000, offset by non-cash items included in net loss, consisting of depreciation of approximately $314,000 related to property and equipment, stock-based compensation expense of approximately $197,000, and bad debt expense of approximately $471,000 due to the un-collectability of a receivable from one customer. Also contributing to cash used in operating activities were a decrease in our accounts receivable of approximately $3,732,000 as a result of collection of accounts receivable related to solar photovoltaic business segment, an decrease in costs and estimated earnings in excess of billing on uncompleted contracts of approximately $3,358,000 due to the completion of large construction projects, a decrease in inventories of approximately $314,000, increased in asset held for sale of $251,000, and increased in prepaid expenses and other current assets of approximately $60,000, an increase in accounts payable of approximately $279,000, a decrease in income taxes payable of approximately $126,000, an increase in billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts of approximately $599,000, and an increase in accrued liabilities of approximately $21,000.
     Net cash used in investing activities of approximately $25,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2010 primarily relates to acquisition of property, plant and equipment of approximately $25,000.
     Net cash provided by financing activities was approximately $3,345,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2010 related to financing of the Company’s power generating facility of approximately $3,798,000 offset by principal payments on our notes and capital leases payable of approximately $168,000 and an increase in restricted cash of $285,000 related to the financing of our power generating facility.
Capital Resources and Material Known Facts on Liquidity
     In the short-term we do not expect any material change in the mix or relative cost of our capital resources. As of June 30, 2010, we had approximately $2,076,000 in cash and cash equivalents and approximately $280,000 of restricted cash collateralizing a standby letter of credit we issued to support our capital lease and approximately $285,000 of restricted cash held in an interest bearing account with our lender for the credit facility used to finance our power generating facility. Our focus will be to continue development and manufacture of our solar modules and racking systems. We will continue to sell these products through our commercial and international distribution channels.
     The current economic conditions of the U.S. market, coupled with reductions of solar incentives in Europe have presented challenges to us in generating the revenues and or margins necessary for us to generate positive working capital for our business. While our sales pipeline of solar system construction projects continues to grow, our revenues are largely dependent on third party financing for these projects. As a result, our revenues remain difficult to predict and we cannot assure current shareholders and potential investors that we will be successful in generating positive cash from operations. Knowing that revenues are unpredictable, our strategy has been to manage our spending tightly by maintaining a core group of employees in our China and U.S. offices, and to outsource the majority of our construction workforce. These strategies have allowed us to maintain a relatively constant run rate of spending while growing our revenues year over year.
     Over the past three years we have sustained losses from operations and have relied on equity financing to provide working capital. We have been actively working with additional potential investors to ensure that we have additional equity available to us as needed. In addition, we are working on sources of project financing as well as asset backed credit facilities. One of the largest single uses of working capital is solar cells used in manufacturing our solar modules. Over the last 9 months, positive changes in the market supply and lower pricing of silicon have allowed us to reduce the working capital required to build our product, and fund much of that working capital through extended payment terms with our vendors creating the significant increase in our trade accounts payable on our balance sheet. This change in the market has allowed us to significantly reduce the amount of working capital required to maintain our inventory, and in some cases, allowed us to collect revenues from customers in advance of paying for direct materials.
     We believe the funds generated by the collection of our accounts receivable, notes receivable and costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts and the anticipated revenues of our operations, reductions in the working capital

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requirements of the business by continued management of our supply chain, and potential funds available to us through debt and equity financing, are adequate to fund our anticipated cash needs through the next twelve months. We anticipate that we will retain all earnings, if any, to fund anticipated growth in the business. Subsequent to the end of the quarter we collected approximately $7.7 million owed to us by one customer. Additionally, the Company expects to generate cash from the sale of its asset held for sale within the next twelve months.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
None
Item 4T.
Controls and Procedures
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
     Our management, with the participation and under the supervision of our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer, reviewed and evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures, interim period three and six months ended June 30, 2010 covered by this report, as required by Securities Exchange Act Rule 13a-15, and concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is accumulated and communicated to management timely, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer. Based on this evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded that, as of the end of the interim period covered by this report, our disclosure controls and procedures are effective to ensure that we record, process, summarize, and report information required to be disclosed in the reports we filed under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 within the time periods specified by the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and regulations.
     In March and May 2010, we identified the following material weaknesses as disclosed in our Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009.
Material Weaknesses
     A material weakness related to revenue recognition was identified by our Chief Financial Officer on or around March 9, 2010 as a result of additional inquiries made by him of other members of our management team following various questions by our independent registered public accounting firm (“Auditors”) related to our accounting treatment of a particular construction contract (“Contract”), which questions were not directed to the existence or absence of material weaknesses. This material weakness began in December of 2009 when certain agreements which were not part of the original Contract, but which impacted the revenue recognition accounting for the Contract were signed by one or more members of the Company’s management team, but were inadvertently not provided to the Company’s finance and accounting personnel. We believe that this material weakness occurred because we did not have adequate internal controls over the centralization logging, storage and communication of all documents, including amendments and their effective dates, related to transactions of this nature. Thus, there was no summary listing for this contract that our finance and accounting personnel could use to confirm that they had all documents including amendments necessary for consideration in making decisions regarding the recognition of revenue.
     A material weakness related to contract administration was identified by our Auditors in early May 2010 as a result of their inquiries performed in connection with their audit of our financial statements. As a result of such inquiries it was determined that for one contract, we had not billed the customer according to the terms implied by the original contract. We determined that this material weakness began in December 2009, when the contract was signed, as the billing terms of the original contract were not amended to reflect the updated terms with the customer.

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Remediation Efforts
During the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, we took and have now completed steps to enhance our internal controls over financial reporting to mitigate the possibility of this material weakness recurring. We have made changes and improvements to the overall design of our control environment to address the material weakness in internal control over financial reporting described above. In particular, we have implemented measures to standardize certain contract terms and provisions, to insure proper review of such agreements across projects, and to make judgments and assessments consistent with our revenue recognition policies prior to completion of a project. We also continue to place importance on internal control over financial reporting and have implemented following actions:
    The Company has developed a process to both identify and timely analyze contingencies or other contractual language that impacts revenue recognition and to track the status or resolution of such issues through appropriate resources in the finance department throughout the project from initiation, to final documentation and project completion to ensure that revenue is not improperly recognized.
 
    The Company has developed a process to identify billing cycles on it contracts.
     There have been no changes to our internal controls over financial reporting during the quarter ended June 30, 2010 that materially affected or is reasonable likely to affect internal controls over financial reporting with the exception of the remediation efforts discussed above.
Continuous Improvement Initiatives
     Management is committed to continuing efforts aimed at maintaining an operationally effective control environment and timely filing of regulatory required financial information. We continue to monitor our internal controls over financial reporting, primarily by evaluating and enhancing our process and control documentation and increasing our systems security, to insure continued compliance with the requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. We discuss with and disclose these matters to the Audit Committee of our Board of Directors, our Board of Directors and our auditors.

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PART II
OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
     We are not a party to any pending legal proceeding. In the normal course of operations, we may have disagreements or disputes with employees, vendors or customers. These disputes are seen by our management as a normal part of business especially in the construction industry, and there are no pending actions currently or no threatened actions that management believes would have a significant material impact on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
     -None-
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
     -None-
Item 4. Reserved
Item 5. Other Information
     -None-
Item 6. Exhibits
     
10.1
  Loan Agreement with Five Star Bank dated June 1, 2010, incorporated by reference to Form 8-K filed with the SEC on June 7, 2010
 
   
31.1
  Certification of the Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
   
31.2
  Certification of the Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
   
32
  Certification of Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

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SIGNATURES
     Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report on Form 10-Q to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
         
  SOLAR POWER, INC.
 
 
Date: August 16, 2010  /s/ Joseph G. Bedewi    
  Joseph G. Bedewi,   
  Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Accounting Officer and Principal Financial Officer) 
 

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Exhibit Index
     
10.1
  Loan Agreement with Five Star Bank dated June 1, 2010, incorporated by reference to Form 8-K filed with the SEC on June 7, 2010
 
   
31.1
  Certification of the Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
   
31.2
  Certification of the Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
   
32
  Certification of Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

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