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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Table of Contents

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)    

ý

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2010

or

o

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                to              

Commission File Number: 001-34272



BRIDGEPOINT EDUCATION, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)



Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  59-3551629
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

13500 Evening Creek Drive North, Suite 600
San Diego, CA 92128

(Address, including zip code, of principal executive offices)

(858) 668-2586
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)



None
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

        Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý    No o

        Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes o    No o

        Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer o   Accelerated filer o   Non-accelerated filer ý
(Do not check if a
smaller reporting company)
  Smaller reporting company o

        Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o    No ý

        The total number of shares of common stock outstanding as of April 29, 2010, was 54,590,604.


Table of Contents


BRIDGEPOINT EDUCATION, INC.
FORM 10-Q
INDEX

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

    3  

Item 1. Financial Statements

    3  
 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

    3  
 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income

    4  
 

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Stockholders' Equity

    5  
 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

    6  
 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

    7  

Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

    19  

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

    26  

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

    26  

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

    27  

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

    27  

Item 1A. Risk Factors

    27  

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

    27  

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

    27  

Item 4. Reserved

    27  

Item 5. Other Information

    27  

Item 6. Exhibits

    28  

SIGNATURES

    29  

2


Table of Contents

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.    Financial Statements.


BRIDGEPOINT EDUCATION, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Unaudited)

(In thousands, except par value)

 
  As of
March 31,
2010
  As of
December 31,
2009
 
ASSETS              
Current assets:              
  Cash and cash equivalents   $ 177,026   $ 125,562  
  Restricted cash     25     25  
  Marketable securities     45,007     44,988  
  Accounts receivable, net     59,503     43,232  
  Deferred income taxes     3,545     4,027  
  Prepaid expenses and other current assets     9,587     9,581  
           
Total current assets     294,693     227,415  
Property and equipment, net     49,809     47,362  
Goodwill and intangibles     3,132     3,201  
Deferred income taxes     13,708     13,491  
Other long term assets     4,659     3,762  
           
Total assets   $ 366,001   $ 295,231  
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY              
Current liabilities:              
  Accounts payable   $ 2,528   $ 2,870  
  Accrued liabilities     25,350     23,207  
  Accrued income taxes payable     18,349     1,372  
  Deferred revenue and student deposits     139,117     121,752  
  Other current liabilities         172  
           
Total current liabilities     185,344     149,373  
Other long term liabilities     4,653     4,353  
Rent liability     8,451     6,896  
           
Total liabilities     198,448     160,622  
Commitments and contingencies (see Note 12)              
Stockholders' equity:              
  Preferred stock, $0.01 par value:              
    20,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2010, and December 31, 2009          
  Common stock, $0.01 par value:              
    300,000 shares authorized, 54,523 and 54,266 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2010, and December 31, 2009, respectively     545     543  
  Additional paid-in capital     86,352     83,233  
  Retained earnings     80,656     50,833  
           
Total stockholders' equity     167,553     134,609  
           
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity   $ 366,001   $ 295,231  
           

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


Table of Contents


BRIDGEPOINT EDUCATION, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income

(Unaudited)

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 
  Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
  2010   2009  

Revenue

  $ 156,067   $ 84,275  

Costs and expenses:

             
 

Instructional costs and services

    39,436     22,134  
 

Marketing and promotional

    44,212     29,106  
 

General and administrative

    22,331     25,882  
           

Total costs and expenses

    105,979     77,122  
           

Operating income

    50,088     7,153  

Other income, net

    246     72  
           

Income before income taxes

    50,334     7,225  

Income tax expense

    20,511     3,338  
           

Net income

    29,823     3,887  

Accretion of preferred dividends

        (541 )
           

Net income available to common stockholders

  $ 29,823   $ 3,346  
           

Earnings per common share:

             
   

Basic

  $ 0.55   $ 0.07  
           
   

Diluted

  $ 0.49   $ 0.03  
           

Weighted average common shares outstanding used in computing earnings per common share:

             
   

Basic

    54,371     3,498  
           
   

Diluted

    60,466     8,136  
           

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


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BRIDGEPOINT EDUCATION, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Stockholders' Equity

(Unaudited)

(In thousands)

 
  Common Stock    
   
   
 
 
  Additional
Paid-in
Capital
  Retained
Earnings
   
 
 
  Shares   Par Value   Total  

Balance at December 31, 2009

    54,266   $ 543   $ 83,233   $ 50,833   $ 134,609  

Stock-based compensation

            2,001         2,001  

Exercise of options

    33         13         13  

Excess tax benefit of option exercises

            249         249  

Exercise of warrants

    224     2     856         858  

Net income

                29,823     29,823  
                       

Balance at March 31, 2010

    54,523   $ 545   $ 86,352   $ 80,656   $ 167,553  
                       

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


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BRIDGEPOINT EDUCATION, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

(In thousands)

 
  Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
  2010   2009  

Cash flows from operating activities

             

Net income

  $ 29,823   $ 3,887  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

             
 

Provision for bad debts

    7,896     4,515  
 

Depreciation and amortization

    1,729     1,109  
 

Amortization of premium/discount

    (19 )    
 

Deferred income taxes

    265     (68 )
 

Stock-based compensation

    2,001     19  
 

Excess tax benefit of option exercises

    (249 )    
 

Stockholder settlement (non-cash portion)

        10,577  
 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

             
   

Accounts receivable

    (24,167 )   (14,082 )
   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

    (6 )   (726 )
   

Other long term assets

    (897 )   (104 )
   

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

    18,499     (1,382 )
   

Deferred revenue and student deposits

    17,365     27,174  
   

Other liabilities

    2,317     1,387  
           

Net cash provided by operating activities

    54,557     32,306  

Cash flows from investing activities

             

Capital expenditures

    (3,579 )   (7,223 )

Restricted cash

        (25 )
           

Net cash used in investing activities

    (3,579 )   (7,248 )

Cash flows from financing activities

             

Proceeds from the issuance of common stock

        63  

Costs incurred in connection with the IPO

        (2,352 )

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

    13      

Excess tax benefit of option exercises

    249      

Proceeds from exercise of warrants

    858      

Payments of notes payable

        (20 )

Payments on conversion of preferred stock

        (64 )

Payments of capital lease obligations

    (634 )   (43 )
           

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

    486     (2,416 )
           

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

    51,464     22,642  

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

    125,562     56,483  
           

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

  $ 177,026   $ 79,125  
           

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash transactions:

             
 

Purchase of equipment included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities

  $ 1,277   $ 872  
           
 

IPO costs included in accounts payable

      $ 919  
           

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

6


Table of Contents


BRIDGEPOINT EDUCATION, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

1. Nature of Business

        Bridgepoint Education, Inc. (together with its subsidiaries, the "Company"), incorporated in 1999, is a regionally accredited provider of postsecondary education services. Its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Ashford University and the University of the Rockies, offer associate's, bachelor's, master's and doctoral programs in such disciplines as business, education, psychology, social sciences and health sciences. The Company delivers programs online, as well as at its traditional campuses located in Clinton, Iowa, and Colorado Springs, Colorado.

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Principles of Consolidation

        The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Bridgepoint Education, Inc. and its subsidiaries after elimination of all intercompany accounts and transactions.

Unaudited Interim Financial Information

        The condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, these financial statements do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009. In the opinion of management, these financial statements include all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary to present a fair statement of the Company's condensed consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

        Operating results for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year. The year-end condensed consolidated balance sheet data were derived from audited financial statements, but do not include all disclosures required by GAAP.

Use of Estimates

        The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts in the condensed consolidated financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

        In June 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued SFAS No. 166, Accounting for Transfers of Financial Assets ("SFAS 166"). SFAS 166 is a revision to SFAS No. 140, Accounting for Transfers and Servicing of Financial Assets and Extinguishments of Liabilities, and will require more information about transfers of financial assets, including securitization transactions, and areas where entities have continuing exposure to the risks related to transferred financial assets. It eliminates the concept of a "qualifying special-purpose entity," changes the requirements for derecognizing financial assets and requires additional disclosures. SFAS 166 was subsequently codified in December 2009 as Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2009-16 and is effective for annual periods beginning after November 15, 2009. The Company adopted SFAS 166 and ASU 2009-16

7


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BRIDGEPOINT EDUCATION, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)


effective January 1, 2010, and such adoption did not have a material effect on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

        In June 2009, the FASB issued SFAS No. 167, Amendments to FASB Interpretation No. 46(R) ("SFAS 167"). SFAS 167 is a revision to FASB Interpretation No. ("FIN") 46 (Revised December 2003), Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities, and changes how a reporting entity determines when an entity that is insufficiently capitalized or is not controlled through voting (or similar rights) should be consolidated. The determination of whether a reporting entity is required to consolidate another entity is based on, among other things, the other entity's purpose and design and the reporting entity's ability to direct the activities of the other entity that most significantly impact the other entity's economic performance. SFAS 167 was subsequently codified in December 2009 as ASU 2009-17. ASU 2009-17 amends ASC Topic 810, Consolidation, to require revised evaluations of whether entities represent variable interest entities, ongoing assessments of control over such entities, and additional disclosures for variable interests and is effective for annual periods beginning after November 15, 2009. The Company adopted SFAS 167 and ASU 2009-17 effective January 1, 2010, and such adoption did not have a material effect on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

        In January 2010, the FASB issued ASU 2010-06 which amends ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures. This update requires new disclosures for fair value measurements including significant transfers into and out of Level 1 and Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy and also requires additional information in the roll-forward of Level 3 fair value measurements including the presentation of purchases, sales, issuances and settlements on a gross basis. ASU 2010-06 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2009, except for the Level 3 disclosures which are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2010. The Company adopted the applicable provisions of ASU 2010-06 that were effective for the fiscal period beginning January 1, 2010, and such adoption did not have a material effect on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

3. Earnings Per Share

        Basic earnings per common share is calculated by dividing net income available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period using the two-class method, if applicable. Under the two-class method, net income is allocated between common shares and other participating securities based on their participating rights.

        Diluted earnings per common share is calculated by dividing net income available to common stockholders by the sum of (i) the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period and (ii) potentially dilutive securities outstanding during the period, if the effect is dilutive. Potentially dilutive securities may include options, warrants and shares of redeemable convertible preferred stock. The numerator of diluted earnings per common share is calculated by starting with income allocated to common shares under the two-class method and adding back income attributable to shares of redeemable convertible preferred stock to the extent such an adjustment would be dilutive. Potentially dilutive common shares for the three months ended March 31, 2010, consisted of incremental shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of options and warrants. Potentially dilutive common shares for the three months ended March 31, 2009, consisted of incremental shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of options and warrants and upon the conversion of shares of redeemable convertible preferred stock.

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BRIDGEPOINT EDUCATION, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)

3. Earnings Per Share (Continued)

        The following table sets forth the computation of the basic and diluted earnings per common share for the periods indicated (in thousands, except per share data):

 
  Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
  2010   2009  

Numerator:

             
 

Net income

  $ 29,823   $ 3,887  
 

Accretion of preferred dividends

        (541 )
           
 

Net income available to common stockholders

  $ 29,823   $ 3,346  
           

Denominator:

             
 

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding

    54,371     3,498  
 

Effect of dilutive options

    5,688     3,356  
 

Effect of dilutive warrants

    407     1,282  
           
 

Diluted weighted average number of common shares outstanding

    60,466     8,136  
           

Earnings per common share:

             
 

Basic earnings per common share

  $ 0.55   $ 0.07  
           
 

Diluted earnings per common share

  $ 0.49   $ 0.03  
           

        The computation of dilutive common shares outstanding excludes the following securities:

(a)
Redeemable convertible preferred stock:

        For the periods indicated below, the computation of dilutive common shares outstanding excludes the common shares that were issuable upon the optional conversion of the redeemable convertible preferred stock (including any common shares that were issuable, at the election of the holder, in payment of the accreted value of the redeemable convertible preferred stock) because the effect of applying the if-converted method would be anti-dilutive.

 
  Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
(in thousands)
  2010   2009  

Redeemable convertible preferred stock

        46,599  
(b)
Options:

        For the periods indicated below, the computation of dilutive common shares outstanding excludes certain stock options to purchase shares of common stock because their effect was anti-dilutive.

 
  Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
(in thousands)
  2010   2009  

Options

    45      

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BRIDGEPOINT EDUCATION, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)

3. Earnings Per Share (Continued)

        The Company calculated basic earnings per common share using the two-class method to reflect the participation rights of each class and series of stock. Basic net income is computed for common stock outstanding during the period by dividing net income allocated to the participation rights of each class by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period.

        There were no participating securities other than common stock outstanding for the three month period ended March 31, 2010. The following presents the net income allocated to each class of capital stock in the calculation of basic earnings per common share for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009 (in thousands):

 
  Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
 
  2010   2009  

Net income attributable to common stockholders

  $ 29,823   $ 3,346  

Net income allocated to redeemable convertible preferred stock

        541  
           

Net income

  $ 29,823   $ 3,887  
           

 

 
  Three Months Ended
March 31, 2009
 
 
  Weighted
Avg Shares
  Income
Allocation
 

Common stock

    3,498   $ 234  

Redeemable convertible preferred stock

    46,599     3,112  
             

Total

        $ 3,346  
             

        The numerator of diluted earnings per common share equals the numerator of basic earnings per common share plus an adjustment for income attributable to the participation rights of redeemable convertible preferred stock, to the extent such an adjustment would be dilutive. For the periods presented, the numerator for diluted earnings per share was not adjusted from the basic earnings per share calculation for the impact of redeemable convertible preferred stock because all potential common shares of redeemable convertible preferred stock were anti-dilutive.

        The denominator of diluted earnings per common share includes the incremental potential common shares issuable upon the following events, to the extent the effect was dilutive:

    (i)
    Exercise of stock options and warrants;

    (ii)
    For the three months ended March 31, 2009, the optional conversion of all outstanding shares of redeemable convertible preferred stock, with each share of redeemable convertible preferred stock being converted into 2.265380093 shares of common stock; and

    (iii)
    For the three months ended March 31, 2009, the issuance of shares of common stock at fair value in payment of the accreted value of the redeemable convertible preferred stock to the holders of redeemable convertible preferred stock.

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BRIDGEPOINT EDUCATION, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)

4. Significant Balance Sheet Accounts

Accounts Receivable, Net

        Accounts receivable, net, consist of the following (in thousands):

 
  As of
March 31,
2010
  As of
December 31,
2009
 

Accounts receivable

  $ 80,362   $ 59,403  

Less allowance for doubtful accounts

    (20,859 )   (16,171 )
           
 

Accounts receivable, net

  $ 59,503   $ 43,232  
           

        The following table presents the changes in the accounts receivable allowance for doubtful accounts for the periods indicated (in thousands):

 
  Beginning
Balance
  Charged to
Expense
  Deductions(1)   Ending
Balance
 

For the three months ended March 31, 2010

  $ 16,171     7,896     (3,208 ) $ 20,859  

For the three months ended March 31, 2009

  $ 18,246     4,515     (14 ) $ 22,747  

(1)
Deductions represent accounts written off, net of recoveries.

Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets

        Prepaid expenses and other current assets consist of the following (in thousands):

 
  As of
March 31, 2010
  As of
December 31, 2009
 

Prepaid expenses

  $ 4,317   $ 2,723  

Prepaid licenses

    2,467     3,588  

Prepaid insurance

    1,572     1,646  

Other current assets

    1,231     1,624  
           

  $ 9,587   $ 9,581  
           

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BRIDGEPOINT EDUCATION, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)

4. Significant Balance Sheet Accounts (Continued)

Property and Equipment, Net

        Property and equipment, net, consist of the following (in thousands):

 
  As of
March 31, 2010
  As of
December 31, 2009
 

Land

  $ 2,864   $ 2,864  

Buildings

    8,699     8,610  

Furniture, office equipment and software

    38,152     34,510  

Leasehold improvements

    11,991     11,615  

Vehicles

    66     66  
           

Total property and equipment

    61,772     57,665  

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

    (11,963 )   (10,303 )
           

Property and equipment, net

  $ 49,809   $ 47,362  
           

Accrued Liabilities

        Accrued liabilities consist of the following (in thousands):

 
  As of
March 31, 2010
  As of
December 31, 2009
 

Accrued salaries and wages

  $ 8,964   $ 7,953  

Accrued bonus

    1,249     4,466  

Accrued vacation

    3,151     2,549  

Accrued expenses

    11,986     8,239  
           

  $ 25,350   $ 23,207  
           

5. Fair Value Measurements

        The Company uses the three-tier fair value hierarchy which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. These tiers include: Level 1, defined as observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets; Level 2, defined as inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either observable directly or indirectly through market corroboration, for substantially the full term of the financial instrument; and Level 3, defined as unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions. During the three months ended March 31, 2010, there were no transfers in or out of any fair value level of measurement.

        The following table summarizes the fair value information of marketable securities at March 31, 2010 (in thousands):

 
  Level 1   Level 2   Level 3   Total  

Certificates of deposit

  $   $ 25,000   $   $ 25,000  

Commercial paper

        14,990         14,990  

Municipal bonds

        5,017         5,017  
                   
 

Total

  $   $ 45,007   $   $ 45,007  
                   

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BRIDGEPOINT EDUCATION, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)

5. Fair Value Measurements (Continued)

        The Company's Level 2 marketable securities are valued using readily available pricing sources which utilize market observable inputs, including the current interest rate for similar types of instruments.

6. Notes Payable and Long-Term Debt

        On January 29, 2010, the Company entered into a $50 million revolving line of credit with Comerica Bank, or Comerica, pursuant to a Credit Agreement, Revolving Credit Note and Security Agreement (collectively, the "Loan Documents"). Under the Loan Documents, Comerica has agreed to make loans to the Company and issue letters of credit on the Company's behalf, subject to the terms and conditions of the Loan Documents. Amounts subject to letters of credit issued under the Loan Documents are treated as limitations on available borrowings under the line of credit. Interest is paid monthly under the line of credit, and principal is paid on the maturity date of the line of credit. The line of credit has a two-year term and matures on January 29, 2012. Interest accrues on amounts outstanding under the line of credit, at the Company's option, at either (1) Comerica's prime reference rate + 0.00% or (2) one month, two month or three month LIBOR + 2.25%. As security for the performance of the Company's obligations under the Loan Documents, the Company granted Comerica a first priority security interest in substantially all of the Company's assets, including its real property.

        The Loan Documents contain financial covenants requiring (i) the Company's educational institutions to maintain Title IV eligibility (see Note 11, "Regulatory") and (ii) the Company's maintenance of specified adjusted quick ratios, minimum profitability, minimum cash balances and U.S. Department of Education financial responsibility composite scores. The Loan Documents contain other customary affirmative and negative covenants (including cash controls, financial reporting covenants and prohibitions on acquisitions, dividends, stock redemptions and other cash expenditures over a specified amount without Comerica's reasonable consent), representations and warranties and events of default (including the occurrence of a "material adverse effect," as defined in the Loan Documents). The Company was in compliance with all financial covenants as of March 31, 2010.

        The Loan Documents were used, in part, to refinance the outstanding letters of credit under the Loan and Security Agreement between the Company and Comerica, dated April 12, 2004, as amended (the "Prior Agreement"). Upon the effectiveness of the Loan Documents, the Prior Agreement was terminated, except that letters of credit outstanding under the Prior Agreement were deemed to be letters of credit issued under the Loan Documents.

        As of March 31, 2010, the Company used the availability under the line of credit to issue letters of credit aggregating $7.2 million. The Company had no borrowings outstanding under the line of credit as of March 31, 2010.

        The Prior Agreement, which was in effect through January 28, 2010, provided for a maximum amount of borrowing under a revolving credit facility of $15.0 million, with a letter of credit sub-limit of $15.0 million. The Prior Agreement also provided for an equipment line of credit not to exceed $0.2 million.

        As part of its normal business operations, the Company is required to provide surety bonds in certain states where it does business. In May 2009, the Company entered into a surety bond facility with an insurance company to provide such bonds when required. As of March 31, 2010, the total available surety bond facility was $1.5 million and the Company had issued surety bonds totaling $1.1 million under such facility.

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BRIDGEPOINT EDUCATION, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)

7. Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock

        The following discussion reflects the terms of the redeemable convertible preferred stock set forth in the Company's Fourth Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation which was filed with the Delaware Secretary of State on July 29, 2005. All shares of redeemable convertible preferred stock (Series A Convertible Preferred Stock) were optionally converted into common stock immediately prior to the closing of the Company's initial public offering on April 20, 2009, on which date the Company filed with the Delaware Secretary of State its Fifth Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation which eliminated the redeemable convertible preferred stock, among other things.

        The redeemable convertible preferred stock ranked senior to all common stock. The holders of redeemable convertible preferred stock were not entitled to any dividends except if the Company declared, set aside or paid any dividend on the common stock (other than dividends payable solely in additional shares of common stock), in which case holders of the redeemable convertible preferred stock could participate in any such dividends on a per share as-converted basis. Such dividends were payable when and as declared by the Company's board of directors. No preferred stock dividends were declared during the three months ended March 31, 2009. See "Preferred Dividends" below for payments upon liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company and payments upon optional conversion.

        Each issued and outstanding share of redeemable convertible preferred stock was entitled to the number of votes equal to the number of shares of common stock into which it convertible with respect to matters presented to the stockholders of the Company for their action or consideration.

        Each share of redeemable convertible preferred stock was convertible, at the option of the holder, at any time, into 2.265380093 shares of common stock. As of March 31, 2010, there were no outstanding shares of redeemable convertible preferred stock. At March 31, 2009, 44.7 million shares of common stock were issuable upon the optional conversion of all outstanding shares of redeemable convertible preferred stock.

        Upon an optional conversion, the holder was entitled to receive shares of common stock as discussed above and also the payments discussed below under "Payments upon optional conversion." The right of the holders of redeemable convertible preferred stock to elect to receive both shares of common stock and the accreted value under the optional conversion feature resulted in fair value in excess of the invested amount, which resulted in a beneficial conversion feature to such holders. This beneficial conversion feature was recorded as a 'deemed dividend' on the date of the issuance of the redeemable convertible preferred stock because there was no stated redemption date (maturity date) and the optional conversion feature was immediately exercisable. The beneficial conversion feature is recognized on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as an increase in additional paid-in capital (to allocate a portion of the proceeds from the issuance to the beneficial conversion feature) and a decrease to additional paid-in capital (for the deemed dividend). This beneficial conversion feature was measured as the excess of the fair value of the common shares into which the shares of redeemable convertible preferred stock were convertible over the accounting conversion price. The Company has not issued any new shares of redeemable convertible preferred stock since 2005. Prior to 2006, the Company recorded $14.1 million of deemed dividends related to the beneficial conversion feature associated with redeemable convertible preferred stock.

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BRIDGEPOINT EDUCATION, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)

7. Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock (Continued)

Preferred Dividends

(a)
Payments upon liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company:

        Upon any voluntary or involuntary liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company, the holders of redeemable convertible preferred stock were entitled to receive an amount equal to the sum of (i) the "accreted value" of the shares of redeemable convertible preferred stock plus (ii) any dividends declared but unpaid on the shares of redeemable convertible preferred stock. The term "accreted value" was defined as an amount equal to the sum of (i) the "stated value" for a share of redeemable convertible preferred stock plus (ii) 8% per year of the stated value, compounding annually and commencing on the date of issuance of such share. The term "stated value" was defined as $1.00 per share, subject to appropriate adjustment in the event of any stock dividend, stock split, stock distribution or combination with respect to the redeemable convertible preferred stock. The amount by which the accreted value exceeded the stated value for any share of redeemable convertible preferred stock was referred to as the "accreted dividend" for such share. At the option of the holder, the accreted value could have been paid in cash or shares of common stock valued at current fair market value.

        With respect to the payment of amounts described in the preceding paragraph, each of the following events was deemed to be a "liquidation, dissolution or winding up" of the Company: (i) the consolidation with or into another corporation in which the stockholders of record of the Company owned less than 50% of the voting securities of the surviving corporation; (ii) the sale of substantially all the assets of the Company; (iii) the sale of securities of the Company representing more than 50% of the voting securities (other than a qualified public offering); and (iv) a sale to Warburg Pincus or their successors or assigns.

(b)
Payments upon optional conversion:

        Upon an optional conversion of shares of redeemable convertible preferred stock, the holder of such shares was entitled to receive (in addition to the common stock acquirable upon conversion of such shares) an amount equal to (i) the accreted value of such shares plus (ii) any dividends declared but unpaid on such shares. At the option of the holder, the accreted value could have been paid in cash or shares of common stock valued at current fair market value.

        On April 20, 2009, the Company used the proceeds from its initial public offering to pay the accreted value (carrying value) of the redeemable convertible preferred stock in connection with the optional conversion of all shares of redeemable convertible preferred stock into common stock and the election by all holders of redeemable convertible preferred stock to receive the payment of the accreted value of the redeemable convertible preferred stock in cash, in each case as of the closing of the offering. The accreted value at the time of payment was $27.7 million, of which $7.9 million was accreted dividends.

8. Stock-Based Compensation

        The Company did not grant any stock options during the three months ended March 31, 2010. During the three months ended March 31, 2010, options to purchase 33,000 shares of common stock were exercised with an aggregate intrinsic value of $0.6 million. The actual tax benefit from these exercises was $0.3 million.

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BRIDGEPOINT EDUCATION, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)

8. Stock-Based Compensation (Continued)

        The Company recorded $2.0 million and $19,000 of stock-based compensation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The related income tax benefit was $0.8 million and $8,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

        As of March 31, 2010, there was $6.5 million of unrecognized compensation costs related to time vested options and $52,000 of unrecognized compensation costs related to performance vested options.

9. Warrants

        The Company has issued warrants to purchase common stock to various employees, consultants, licensors and lenders. Each warrant represents the right to purchase one share of common stock. No warrants were issued during the three months ended March 31, 2010.

        During the three months ended March 31, 2010, warrants to purchase 0.2 million shares of common stock were exercised. As of March 31, 2010, and December 31, 2009, all outstanding warrants were exercisable. The following table summarizes information with respect to all warrants outstanding as of March 31, 2010, and December 31, 2009 (in thousands, except exercise prices):

Exercise Price
  March 31,
2010
  December 31,
2009
  Expiration Date  

$1.125

    56     75     2013  

$2.250

    101     140     2013  

$2.835

    172     172     2013  

$2.925

    19     19     2013  

$4.500

        167     2013  

$9.000

    39     39     2013  
                 

Total

    387     612        
                 

10. Income Taxes

        The Company's current estimated annual effective income tax rate that has been applied to normal, recurring operations for the three months ended March 31, 2010, was 40.8%. The Company's effective income tax expense rate was 40.7% for the three months ended March 31, 2010. The effective rate for the three months ended March 31, 2010, differed from the Company's estimated annual effective tax rate due to the impact of discrete items. At March 31, 2010, and December 31, 2009, the Company had $4.4 million and $3.8 million of gross unrecognized tax benefits, respectively, of which $3.4 million and $3.0 million, respectively, would impact its effective income tax rate if recognized.

        The Company is subject to U.S. federal income tax and multiple state tax jurisdictions. The 2003 through 2009 tax years remain open to examination by major taxing jurisdictions to which the Company is subject.

        The Company's continuing practice is to recognize interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions in income tax expense. Accrued interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions as of March 31, 2010, and December 31, 2009, was $0.4 million and $0.2 million, respectively.

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BRIDGEPOINT EDUCATION, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)

11. Regulatory

        The Company is subject to extensive regulation by federal and state governmental agencies and accrediting bodies. In particular, the Higher Education Act and the regulations promulgated thereunder by the U.S. Department of Education subject the Company to significant regulatory scrutiny on the basis of numerous standards that schools must satisfy in order to participate in the various federal student financial assistance programs under Title IV of the Higher Education Act.

        To participate in Title IV programs, an institution must be authorized to offer its programs of instruction by the relevant agency of the state in which it is physically located, accredited by an accrediting agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education and certified as eligible by the U.S. Department of Education. The U.S. Department of Education will certify an institution to participate in Title IV programs only after the institution has demonstrated compliance with the Higher Education Act and the U.S. Department of Education's extensive regulations regarding institutional eligibility. An institution must also demonstrate its compliance to the U.S. Department of Education on an ongoing basis. As of March 31, 2010, management believes the Company is in compliance with the applicable regulations in all material respects.

        The Higher Education Act requires accrediting agencies to review many aspects of an institution's operations in order to ensure that the education offered is of sufficiently high quality to achieve satisfactory outcomes and that the institution is complying with accrediting standards. Failure to demonstrate compliance with accrediting standards may result in the imposition of probation, the requirements to provide periodic reports, the loss of accreditation or other penalties if deficiencies are not remediated.

        Because the Company operates in a highly regulated industry, it, like other industry participants, may be subject from time to time to audits, investigations, claims of noncompliance or lawsuits by governmental agencies or third parties, which allege statutory violations, regulatory infractions or common law causes of action. While there can be no assurance that regulatory agencies or third parties will not undertake investigations or make claims against the Company, or that such claims, if made, will not have a material adverse effect on the Company's business, results of operations or financial condition, management believes it has materially complied with all regulatory requirements.

12. Commitments and Contingencies

        In the ordinary conduct of business, the Company may be subject to various lawsuits and claims covering a wide range of matters, including, but not limited to, claims involving students or graduates and routine employment matters. The Company does not believe that the outcome of any pending claims will have a material adverse impact on its consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Compliance Audit by the U.S. Department of Education's Office of the Inspector General ("OIG")

        On September 2, 2009, the OIG notified Ashford University of its completion of field work and informed Ashford University that its tentative findings include certain instances of noncompliance with provisions of the Higher Education Act and regulations governing Ashford University's administration of Title IV programs. The OIG's findings are preliminary and remain under review by the staff of the OIG.

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BRIDGEPOINT EDUCATION, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)

12. Commitments and Contingencies (Continued)

        Because of the ongoing nature of the OIG audit, the Company cannot predict the ultimate extent of the draft or final audit findings or the potential liability or remedial actions that might result. Such findings and related remedial action may have a material adverse impact on the Company's reputation in the industry, its cash flows and results of operations, its ability to recruit students and its business.

13. Stockholder Dispute

        In February 2009, certain holders of common stock and warrants to purchase common stock asserted various claims against the Company, its directors and officers and Warburg Pincus regarding amendments to the Company's certificate of incorporation made in connection with financings in 2005 and certain stock options granted by the Company to its employees. The claimants represented 90% of the holders of common stock and 59% of the shares of common stock subject to warrants outstanding, in each case as of July 27, 2005. In March 2009, the Company reached a settlement with the claimants regarding these claims and recorded a total expense of $11.1 million related to the settlement during the three months ended March 31, 2009, of which $10.6 million was a non-cash expense. After settling with the claimants, the Company notified the other holders of common stock and other holders of warrants to purchase shares of common stock, in each case as of July 27, 2005, regarding these claims, the settlement terms and their ability to participate in the settlement. In April 2009, the Company reached settlement with the holders of 100% of the common stock and 100% of the shares subject to warrants outstanding, in each case as of July 27, 2005, at which time the Company ceased to be a potential obligor related to the claims asserted by these security holders. The settlement resulted in the issuance of an aggregate of 710,097 shares of common stock, with a total value of $10.6 million, and cash payments totaling $433,000 which were paid in April 2009.

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Item 2.    Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

        The following Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations ("MD&A") should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes that appear elsewhere in this report. For additional context with which to understand our financial condition and results of operations, see the MD&A included in Part II, Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009, filed with the SEC on March 2, 2010, as well as the consolidated financial statements and notes contained therein.

Forward-Looking Statements

        This MD&A and other sections of this report contain "forward-looking statements" as defined by the "safe harbor" provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements include information relating to future events, future financial performance, strategies, expectations, competitive environment, regulation and availability of financial resources. These forward-looking statements may include, without limitation, statements regarding: resilience of our enrollments during the economic downturn; our institutions' ability to satisfy composite score requirements under Title IV; proposed new programs; our anticipated growth rate; our anticipated seasonal fluctuations in results of operations; expectations regarding timing and content of new regulations; expectations that regulatory developments or other matters will not have a material adverse effect on our enrollments, financial position, results of operations and our liquidity; expectations regarding our ability to timely transition from the FFEL Program to the Federal Direct Loan Program; expectations regarding the findings in the draft report to be received from the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Inspector General regarding its compliance audit of Ashford University; expectations regarding the adequacy of our cash and cash equivalents and other sources of liquidity for ongoing operations; projections, predictions, expectations, estimates or forecasts as to our business, financial and operational results and future economic performance; management's goals and objectives; expectations regarding the efficacy of investment in advertising and enrollment advisors; and other similar matters that are not historical facts. Words such as "may," "should," "could," "would," "predicts," "potential," "continue," "expects," "anticipates," "future," "intends," "plans," "believes," "estimates" and similar expressions, as well as statements in the future tense, identify forward-looking statements, but their absence does not mean that a statement is not forward-looking.

        Forward-looking statements should not be read as a guarantee of future performance or results and will not necessarily be accurate indications of the times at, or by, which such performance or results will be achieved. Forward-looking statements are based on information available at the time those statements are made and management's good faith belief as of that time with respect to future events and are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual performance or results to differ materially from those expressed in or suggested by the forward-looking statements. See "Risk Factors" in Part II, Item 1A of this report for a discussion of some of these risks and uncertainties.

Overview

Background

        We are a regionally accredited provider of postsecondary education services. We offer associate's, bachelor's, master's and doctoral programs in such disciplines as business, education, psychology, social sciences and health sciences.

        We deliver programs online as well as at our traditional campuses located in Clinton, Iowa and Colorado Springs, Colorado. As of March 31, 2010, we offered approximately 1,175 courses, 65 degree programs and 130 specializations and concentrations. We had 65,788 students enrolled in our institutions as of March 31, 2010, 99% of whom were attending classes exclusively online.

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        In March 2005, we acquired the assets of The Franciscan University of the Prairies, located in Clinton, Iowa, and renamed it Ashford University. In September 2007, we acquired the assets of the Colorado School of Professional Psychology, located in Colorado Springs, Colorado, and renamed it the University of the Rockies.

Regulatory developments

        In November 2009, the U.S. Department of Education convened two new negotiated rulemaking committees addressing various topics, including, but not limited to the definition of high school diploma for the purpose of establishing institutional eligibility to participate in the Title IV programs and student eligibility to receive Title IV aid; standards regarding the payment of incentive compensation; establishing a definition of "gainful employment" for purposes of determining whether certain educational programs comply with the Title IV program requirement of preparing students for gainful employment in a recognized occupation; revising the definition of what constitutes a substantial misrepresentation made by an institution; standards regarding the sufficiency of a state's authorization of an institution for the purpose of establishing an institution's eligibility to participate in the Title IV programs; and the definition of a credit hour for purposes of determining program eligibility for Title IV student financial aid.

        The program integrity committee completed its meetings in February 2010 without reaching consensus on proposed regulations. As a result, the U.S. Department of Education is not bound by any of the proposed regulations presented to the committee and is expected to publish proposed regulations later this year which may or may not differ from those presented to the committee. The proposed regulations will be subject to public comment. After the public comment period expires, the U.S. Department of Education must publish final regulations in the Federal Register on or before November 1, 2010, for the regulations to be effective July 1, 2011.

        Additionally, the U.S. Department of Education has issued new regulations to implement the amendments made to the Higher Education Act by the Higher Education Opportunity Act enacted in August 2008. The new regulations were published in October 2009, and cover a broad range of topics including the 90/10 rule, cohort default rates and other matters. The new regulations have an effective date of July 1, 2010, with certain exceptions and with certain provisions subject to early implementation as of November 1, 2009, at the discretion of the institution.

        On March 30, 2010, President Obama signed into law the Health Care and Education Affordability Act of 2010, or HCEAA. Among other things, the HCEAA amended the Higher Education Act to prohibit new federally guaranteed loans from being made under the Federal Family Education Loan, or FFEL, Program, beginning on July 1, 2010, at which time institutions will be required to certify loans through the Federal Direct Loan Program rather than through the FFEL Program. We have begun participating in the Federal Direct Loan Program and expect to fully transition to the Federal Direct Loan program at both of our institutions by the July 1, 2010, phase-out date.

        The HCEAA contains revised versions of student aid provisions in the Student Aid and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 2009, H.R. 3221, or SAFRA, which was passed by the House of Representatives in September 2009, but not enacted into law. The HCEAA does not contain certain provisions contained in the SAFRA legislation that would have created a new Federal Direct Perkins Loan program and would have provided relief to for-profit institutions by amending the 90/10 rule to (i) extend to July 2012 the ability of for-profit institutions to exclude from their Title IV revenues the additional $2,000 per student in certain annual federal student loan amounts that became available in June 2008, (ii) exclude from the 90/10 rule calculation for the period July 1, 2010, through July 1, 2012, the revenue received from loans disbursed under the Federal Direct Perkins Loan program and (iii) give for-profit institutions three years (as opposed to two) to come into compliance with the

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90/10 rule before becoming ineligible to participate in the Title IV programs if the second year ends between July 1, 2008 and June 30, 2011.

Seasonality

        Although not apparent in our results of operations due to our rapid rate of growth, our operations are generally subject to seasonal trends. As our growth rate declines we expect to experience seasonal fluctuations in results of operations as a result of changes in the level of student enrollment. While we enroll students throughout the year, our first and fourth quarter new enrollments and revenue generally are lower than other quarters due to the holiday break in December and January. We generally experience a seasonal increase in new enrollments in August and September of each year when most other colleges and universities begin their fall semesters.

Critical Accounting Policies and Use of Estimates

        For a discussion of our critical accounting policies and estimates, see "Critical Accounting Policies and Use of Estimates" in the MD&A included in Part II, Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009, filed with the SEC on March 2, 2010.

Results of Operations

        The following table sets forth the condensed consolidated statements of income data as a percentage of revenue for each of the periods indicated:

 
  Three Months
Ended
March 31,
 
 
  2010   2009  

Revenue

    100.0 %   100.0 %

Costs and expenses:

             
 

Instructional costs and services

    25.3     26.3  
 

Marketing and promotional

    28.3     34.5  
 

General and administrative

    14.3     30.7  
           

Total costs and expenses

    67.9     91.5  
           

Operating income

    32.1     8.5  

Other income (expense), net

    0.2     0.1  
           

Income before income taxes

    32.3     8.6  

Income tax expense

    13.2     4.0  
           

Net income

    19.1 %   4.6 %
           

        We have experienced significant growth in enrollments, revenue and operating income as well as improvement in liquidity since our acquisition of Ashford University in March 2005. We continue to grow in response to the increasing demand in the market for higher education. We believe our enrollment and revenue growth has been driven primarily by (i) our significant investment in enrollment advisors and online advertising which commenced immediately upon our acquisition of Ashford University and (ii) students' acceptance of our value proposition. Our significant growth in operating income is a result of leveraging our fixed costs with increased revenue.

        In recent years, we have seen student enrollments and revenue continue to increase despite difficult general economic conditions. We have not seen any unfavorable impact from the decline in general economic conditions on our liquidity, capital resources or results of operations. While we cannot guarantee that these trends will continue, we believe that the performance of our company, as

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well as the performance of other for-profit education providers generally, has been resilient in the current economic downturn due to (i) the continued availability of Title IV funds to finance student tuition payments, (ii) increased demand for postsecondary education resulting from a deteriorating labor market, (iii) efficiencies in advertising costs and (iv) decreased turnover in enrollment advisors and other personnel. To meet the challenges of the current economy, we plan to continue to invest significantly in enrollment advisors and online advertising, which we expect will result in our total student enrollment and operating income continuing to grow, though perhaps not at the same rate as in the past.

Three Months Ended March 31, 2010 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2009

        Revenue.    Our revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2010, was $156.1 million, representing an increase of $71.8 million, or 85.2%, as compared to revenue of $84.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009. This increase was primarily due to enrollment growth of 56.5%, from 42,025 students at March 31, 2009, to 65,788 students at March 31, 2010. Enrollment growth is driven by various factors including the students' acceptance of our value proposition, the quality of lead generation efforts, the number of enrollment advisors and our ability to retain existing students. In addition to the increase in student enrollment, the revenue increase was also positively impacted by the 5% tuition increase effective April 1, 2009, and the decision to move to a single credit hour price for all Ashford University undergraduate students. The tuition increase and the move to a single credit hour price accounted for approximately 9.6% and 17.2%, respectively, of the revenue increase between periods. These increases were partially offset by an increase in institutional scholarships and promotional vouchers of $8.5 million in the aggregate between periods.

        Instructional costs and services expenses.    Our instructional costs and services expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2010, were $39.4 million, representing an increase of $17.3 million, or 78.2%, as compared to instructional costs and services expenses of $22.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009. This increase was primarily due to an increase in educational support services and increases in instructional costs as a result of the increase in total student enrollment. Our instructional costs and services expenses as a percentage of revenue decreased by 1.0% to 25.3% for the three months ended March 31, 2010, as compared to 26.3% for the three months ended March 31, 2009. This decrease in 2010 was driven by improvements in our cost structure due to ongoing work on process improvements, including more efficient course scheduling and use of faculty and offset slightly by increased license fees. Bad debt as a percentage of revenue was 5.1% for the three months ended March 31, 2010, as compared to 5.4% for the three months ended March 31, 2009. This decrease as a percentage of revenue was primarily due to procedural improvements in the processing of receivables.

        Marketing and promotional expenses.    Our marketing and promotional expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2010, were $44.2 million, representing an increase of $15.1 million, or 51.9%, as compared to marketing and promotional expenses of $29.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009. This increase was driven by greater spending in targeted marketing and online media as well as in recruitment and marketing staffing. Our marketing and promotional expenses as a percentage of revenue decreased by 6.2% to 28.3% for the three months ended March 31, 2010, from 34.5% for the three months ended March 31, 2009, primarily due to improvements in our cost structure as they relate to advertising and selling labor.

        General and administrative expenses.    Our general and administrative expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2010 were $22.3 million, representing a decrease of $3.6 million, or 13.7%, as compared to general and administrative expenses of $25.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009. This decrease was primarily attributable to the charge of $11.1 million taken in first quarter of 2009 relating to the settlement of a stockholder dispute, offset by increases in administrative wages, rent and stock-based compensation expense. Our general and administrative expenses as a

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percentage of revenue decreased by 16.4% to 14.3% for the three months ended March 31, 2010, from 30.7% for the three months ended March 31, 2009, primarily due to impact of the charge relating to the stockholder settlement taken in the first quarter of 2009, as well as decreases in administrative labor and professional fees. These decreases were offset slightly by increases in stock-based compensation expense.

        Other income (expense), net.    Other income was $0.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010, as compared to $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009, representing an increase of $0.1 million. The increase was primarily due to increased levels of interest income on higher average cash balances.

        Income tax expense.    We recognized tax expense for the three months ended March 31, 2010, and 2009, of $20.5 million and $3.3 million, respectively, at effective tax rates of 40.7% and 46.2%, respectively. The decrease in our effective tax rate in 2010 as compared to 2009 was primarily due to a one-time increase in an uncertain tax position in 2009.

        Net income.    Net income was $29.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010, compared to net income of $3.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009, an increase of $25.9 million, as a result of the factors discussed above.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

        We financed our operating activities and capital expenditures during the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, primarily through cash provided by operating activities. Our cash and cash equivalents were $177.0 million at March 31, 2010, and $125.6 million at December 31, 2009. Our restricted cash was $25,000 at March 31, 2010, and December 31, 2009. At March 31, 2010, and December 31, 2009, we had marketable securities of $45.0 million.

Available borrowing facilities

        On January 29, 2010, we entered into a $50 million revolving line of credit with Comerica Bank, or Comerica, pursuant to a Credit Agreement, Revolving Credit Note and Security Agreement, which agreements we collectively refer to as the Loan Documents. Under the Loan Documents, Comerica has agreed to make loans to us and issue letters of credit on our behalf, subject to the terms and conditions of the Loan Documents. Amounts subject to letters of credit issued under the Loan Documents are treated as limitations on available borrowings under the line of credit. Interest is paid monthly under the line of credit, and principal is paid on the maturity date of the line of credit. The line of credit has a two-year term and matures on January 29, 2012. Interest accrues on amounts outstanding under the line of credit, at our option, at either (1) Comerica's prime reference rate + 0.00% or (2) one month, two month or three month LIBOR + 2.25%. As security for the performance of our obligations under the Loan Documents, we granted Comerica a first priority security interest in substantially all of our assets, including our real property.

        The Loan Documents contain financial covenants requiring (i) our educational institutions to maintain Title IV eligibility and (ii) our maintenance of specified adjusted quick ratios, minimum profitability, minimum cash balances and U.S. Department of Education financial responsibility composite scores. The Loan Documents contain other customary affirmative and negative covenants (including cash controls, financial reporting covenants and prohibitions on acquisitions, dividends, stock redemptions and other cash expenditures over a specified amount without Comerica's reasonable consent), representations and warranties and events of default (including the occurrence of a "material adverse effect," as defined in the Loan Documents). We were in compliance with all financial covenants in the Loan Documents as of March 31, 2010.

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        The Loan Documents were used, in part, to refinance the outstanding letters of credit under the Loan and Security Agreement between us and Comerica dated April 12, 2004, as amended, which we refer to as the Prior Agreement. Upon the effectiveness of the Loan Documents, the Prior Agreement was terminated, except that letters of credit outstanding under the Prior Agreement were deemed to be letters of credit issued under the Loan Documents.

        As of March 31, 2010, we used the availability under the line of credit to issue letters of credit aggregating $7.2 million. We had no borrowings outstanding under the line of credit as of March 31, 2010.

        As part of our normal business operations, we are required to provide surety bonds in certain states where we do business. In May 2009, we entered into a surety bond facility with an insurance company to provide such bonds when required. As of March 31, 2010, the total available surety bond facility was $1.5 million and we had issued surety bonds totaling $1.1 million under such facility.

Title IV funding

        A significant portion of our revenue is derived from tuition funded by Title IV programs. As such, the timing of disbursements under Title IV programs is based on federal regulations and our ability to successfully and timely arrange financial aid for our students. Title IV funds are generally provided in multiple disbursements before we earn a significant portion of tuition and fees and incur related expenses over the period of instruction. Students must apply for new loans and grants each academic year. These factors, together with the timing of our students beginning their programs, affect our operating cash flow.

Financial responsibility

        For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2007, Ashford University and the University of the Rockies did not satisfy the composite score requirement of the financial responsibility test, which institutions must satisfy in order to participate in Title IV programs. As a result, (i) Ashford University posted a letter of credit in favor of the U.S. Department of Education in the amount of $12.1 million, which was scheduled to remain in effect through September 30, 2009, and (ii) the University of the Rockies posted a letter of credit in favor of the U.S. Department of Education in the amount of $0.7 million, which was scheduled to remain in effect through June 30, 2009.

        In July 2009, the U.S. Department of Education notified us that the University of the Rockies received a composite score of 1.7 for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2008, and was released from the requirement to post a letter of credit. In August 2009, the U.S. Department of Education notified us that Ashford University received a composite score of 1.6 for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2008, and was released from the requirement to post a letter of credit based on the financial responsibility test.

        For the year ended December 31, 2009, we expect our composite score on a consolidated basis to be approximately 2.9. We believe that this composite score will not require us to post a letter of credit in favor of the U.S. Department of Education or to conform to the regulations of the heightened cash monitoring level one method of payment, based upon the financial responsibility test. However, this is subject to determination by the U.S. Department of Education once it reviews our audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2009.

Operating activities

        Net cash provided by operating activities was $54.6 million and $32.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The increase from 2009 to 2010 was primarily due to increases in net income based upon increased tuition and fees resulting from a substantial increase in total student enrollment at our academic institutions. We expect to continue to generate cash from our operating activities for the foreseeable future.

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Investing activities

        Net cash used in investing activities, which consisted primarily of capital expenditures in both periods, was $3.6 million and $7.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. We will continue to invest in computer equipment and office furniture and fixtures to support our increasing employee headcount. For the year ending December 31, 2010, we expect our capital expenditures to be approximately $48.0 million.

        We manage our excess cash pursuant to the quantitative and qualitative operational guidelines of our cash investment policy. Our cash investment policy, which was adopted by our audit committee and our board of directors in May 2009 and is managed by our chief financial officer, has the following primary objectives (in order of priority): preserving principal, meeting our liquidity needs, minimizing market and credit risk, and providing after-tax returns. Under the policy's guidelines, we invest our excess cash exclusively in high-quality, short-term, U.S. dollar-denominated financial instruments. For a discussion of the measures we use to mitigate the exposure of our cash investments to market risk, credit risk and interest rate risk, see "Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk" in Part I, Item 3 of this report.

Financing activities

        Net cash provided by financing activities was $0.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010, and net cash used in financing activities was $2.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009. During the three months ended March 31, 2010, net cash provided by financing activities was generated primarily from warrant and option exercises of $0.9 million and the excess tax benefit of option exercises of $0.2 million, offset by payments made on capital lease obligations of $0.6 million.

        We expect to continue to utilize commercial financing, lines of credit and term debt for the purpose of expansion of our online business infrastructure and to expand and improve our ground campuses in Clinton, Iowa and Colorado Springs, Colorado. Based on our current level of operations and anticipated growth in enrollments, we believe that our cash flow from operations, existing cash and cash equivalents and other sources of liquidity will provide adequate funds for ongoing operations, planned capital expenditures and working capital requirements for at least the next 12 months.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

        We have no off-balance sheet arrangements.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

        In October 2009, the FASB issued ASU 2009-13, which amends ASC Topic 605, Revenue Recognition. This update changes the requirements for establishing separate units of accounting in a multiple element arrangement and requires the allocation of arrangement consideration to each deliverable based on the relative selling price. ASU 2009-13 is effective for revenue arrangements entered into in fiscal years beginning on or after June 15, 2010. We do not believe that the adoption of ASU 2009-13 will have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

        In October 2009, the FASB issued ASU 2009-14 which amends ASC Topic 985, Certain Revenue Arrangements That Include Software Elements. This update changes the accounting model for revenue arrangements that include both tangible products and software elements. ASU 2009-14 is effective for revenue arrangements entered into in fiscal years beginning on or after June 15, 2010. We do not believe that the adoption of ASU 2009-14 will have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

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Item 3.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

Market and credit risk

        Pursuant to our cash investment policy, we attempt to mitigate the exposure of our cash and short term investments to market and credit risk by (i) diversifying concentration risk to ensure that we are not overly concentrated in a limited number of financial institutions, (ii) monitoring and managing the risks associated with the national banking and credit markets, (iii) investing in U.S. dollar-denominated assets and instruments only, (iv) diversifying account structures so that we maintain a decentralized account portfolio with numerous stable, highly-rated and liquid financial institutions and (v) ensuring that our investment procedures maintain a defined and specific scope such that we will not invest in higher-risk investment assets, including long-term corporate bonds, financial swaps or derivative and corporate equities. Accordingly, under the guidelines of the policy, we invest our excess cash exclusively in high-quality, short-term, U.S. dollar-denominated financial instruments.

        Despite the investment risk mitigation strategies we employ, we may incur investment losses as a result of unusual and unpredictable market developments and we may experience reduced investment earnings if the yields on investments deemed to be low risk remain low or decline further in this time of economic uncertainty. In addition, unusual and unpredictable market developments may also create liquidity challenges for certain of the assets in our investment portfolio.

        We have no derivative financial instruments or derivative commodity instruments.

Interest rate risk

        To the extent we borrow funds under our line of credit with Comerica, we would be subject to fluctuations in interest rates. As of March 31, 2010, we had no borrowings under the line of credit with Comerica.

        Our future investment income may fall short of expectations due to changes in interest rates. At March 31, 2010, a 10% increase or decrease in interest rates would not have a material impact on our future earnings, fair value or cash flows related to interest earned from cash equivalents or marketable securities.

Item 4.    Controls and Procedures.

Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures

        Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC's rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives, and management is required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.

        We carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including the chief executive officer and the chief financial officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act, as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based upon that

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evaluation, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level at the end of the period covered by this report.

Changes in internal control over financial reporting

        There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the period covered by this report that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1.    Legal Proceedings.

        In the ordinary conduct of business, we may be subject to various lawsuits and claims covering a wide range of matters, including, but not limited to, claims involving students or graduates and routine employment matters. We do not believe that the outcome of any pending claims will have a material adverse impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Item 1A.    Risk Factors.

        Investing in our common stock involves risk. You should carefully consider the risk factors discussed in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009, filed with the SEC on March 2, 2010. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial also may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition or operating results.

Item 2.    Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

        On March 17, 2010, we issued 11,111 shares of common stock to an investor upon the exercise of a warrant to purchase common stock at an exercise price of $1.125 per share for total proceeds to us of $12,500. We concluded the investor qualified as an accredited investor under Rule 501(a) of Regulation D promulgated pursuant to the Securities Act based on representations made by the investor at the time of issuance of the shares. The shares were offered and sold in reliance on the exemption from registration provided by Section 4(2) of the Securities Act and Rule 506 of Regulation D promulgated thereunder. An appropriate restrictive legend was placed on the stock certificate.

        On April 9, 2010, we issued 47,300 shares of common stock to an investor upon the exercise of a warrant to purchase common stock at a weighted average exercise price of $6.95 per share for total proceeds to us of $328,885. We concluded the investor qualified as an accredited investor under Rule 501(a) based on representations made by the investor at the time of issuance of the shares. The shares were offered and sold in reliance on the exemption from registration provided by Section 4(2) and Rule 506. An appropriate restrictive legend was placed on the stock certificate.

Item 3.    Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

        None.

Item 4.    Reserved.

Item 5.    Other Information.

        None.

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Item 6.    Exhibits.

Exhibit No.   Description
  3.1   Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Form 10-Q filed on May 21, 2009).

 

3.2

 

Second Amended and Restated Bylaws (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.4 to the Form S-1 filed on March 20, 2009).

 

4.1

 

Specimen of Stock Certificate (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Form S-1 filed on March 30, 2009).

 

4.2

 

Second Amended and Restated Registration Rights Agreement (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 to the Form S-1 filed on September 4, 2009).

 

10.1

 

Third Addendum to Master Services and License Agreement dated January 12, 2010, with eCollege.com (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.47 to the Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 2, 2010).†

 

10.2

 

Credit Agreement dated January 29, 2010, with Comerica Bank (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.1 to the Form 8-K filed with the SEC on February 3, 2010).

 

10.3

 

Revolving Credit Note dated January 29, 2010, with Comerica Bank (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.2 to the Form 8-K filed with the SEC on February 3, 2010).

 

10.4

 

Security Agreement dated January 29, 2010, with Comerica Bank (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.3 to the Form 8-K filed with the SEC on February 3, 2010).

 

10.5

 

First Amendment to Office Lease dated March 12, 2010, with Kilroy Realty, L.P.†

 

10.6

 

Amended and Restated Employee Stock Purchase Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.1 to the Form 8-K filed with the SEC on March 22, 2010).

 

10.7

 

Bridgepoint Education Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan.

 

31.1

 

Certification of Andrew S. Clark, CEO and President, pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or 15d-14(a) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

31.2

 

Certification of Daniel J. Devine, Chief Financial Officer, pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or 15d-14(a) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

32.1

 

Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, executed by Andrew S. Clark, CEO and President, and Daniel J. Devine, Chief Financial Officer.

Portions of this exhibit have been omitted pursuant to a request for confidential treatment and the non-public information has been filed separately with the SEC.

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SIGNATURES

        Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

    BRIDGEPOINT EDUCATION, INC.

May 3, 2010

 

/s/ DANIEL J. DEVINE

Daniel J. Devine
Chief Financial Officer
(Principal financial officer and duly authorized to
sign on behalf of the registrant)

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