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EX-21 - ACCESS NATIONAL CORPv178926_ex21.htm
EX-32 - ACCESS NATIONAL CORPv178926_ex32.htm
EX-23 - ACCESS NATIONAL CORPv178926_ex23.htm
EX-10.5 - ACCESS NATIONAL CORPv178926_ex10-5.htm
EX-31.2 - ACCESS NATIONAL CORPv178926_ex31-2.htm
EX-10.6 - ACCESS NATIONAL CORPv178926_ex10-6.htm
EX-31.1 - ACCESS NATIONAL CORPv178926_ex31-1.htm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549


 
FORM 10-K
 
(Mark One)
x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended   December 31, 2009
 
or
 
¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from_____________ to_______________
Commission File Number   000-49929

Access National Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Virginia
 
82-0545425
(State or other jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)
  
Identification Number)

1800 Robert Fulton Drive, Suite 300, Reston, Virginia  20191
  (Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

(703) 871-2100
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
   
Title of each class
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock $0.835 par value
 
The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
   
(Title of class)  None
   
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes ¨ No x
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ¨ No x
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ¨ No ¨
 
Indicate by checkmark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K ¨
 
Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,”  “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer ¨
 
Accelerated filer ¨
     
Non-accelerated filer ¨ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) 
 
Smaller reporting company x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act) Yes o No x
 
The aggregate market value of the registrant’s common voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant, computed by reference to the price at which the stock was last sold on the NASDAQ Global Market as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, was approximately $46,360,310.
 
As of March 26, 2010, there were 10,615,313 shares of Common Stock, par value $.835 per share, of Access National Corporation issued and outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the Registrant’s Proxy Statement for the Corporation’s Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 18, 2010, are incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K.
 
 


 
Access National Corporation
 
FORM 10-K
 
INDEX

 
 
Page
         
PART I
     
         
 
Item 1
 
Business
2
 
Item 1A
 
Risk Factors
11
 
Item 1B
 
Unresolved Staff Comments
16
 
Item 2
 
Properties
16
 
Item 3
 
Legal Proceedings
16
 
Item 4
 
(Removed and Reserved)
16
         
PART II
     
         
 
Item 5
 
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
16
 
Item 6
 
Selected Financial Data
19
 
Item 7
 
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
20
 
Item 7A
 
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
34
 
Item 8
 
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
36
 
Item 9
 
Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
75
 
Item 9A
 
Controls and Procedures
75
 
Item 9B
 
Other Information
75
         
PART III
     
         
 
Item 10
 
Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
75
 
Item 11
 
Executive Compensation
76
 
Item 12
 
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
76
 
Item 13
 
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
76
 
Item 14
 
Principal Accountant Fees and Services
76
         
PART IV
     
         
 
Item 15
 
Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules
77
     
 
Signatures
79

 
1

 

PART I

In addition to historical information, the following report contains forward-looking statements that are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause Access Naational Corporation’s actual results to differ materially from those anticipated.  Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which reflect management’s analysis only as of the date of the report. For discussion of factors that may cause our actual future results to differ materially from those anticipated, please see “Item 1A – Risk Factors” and “Item 7 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Forward-Looking Statements” herein.

ITEM 1 – BUSINESS

Access National Corporation (the “Corporation”) was organized June 15, 2002 under the laws of Virginia to operate as a bank holding company.  The Corporation has two active wholly owned subsidiaries:  Access National Bank, and Access National Capital Trust II. Effective June 15, 2002, pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Reorganization dated April 18, 2002 between the Corporation and Access National Bank (the “Bank”), the Corporation acquired all of the outstanding stock of the Bank in a statutory share exchange transaction.  The Bank is the primary operating business of the Corporation.  The Bank provides commercial credit, deposit and mortgage services to middle market businesses and associated professionals, primarily in the greater Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area. The Bank was organized under federal law as a national banking association to engage in a general banking business to serve the communities in and around Northern Virginia.  The Bank opened for business on December 1, 1999 at 14006 Lee-Jackson Memorial Highway in Chantilly, Virginia.  Deposits with the Bank are insured to the maximum amount provided by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. The Bank offers a comprehensive range of financial services and products and specializes in providing customized financial services to small and medium sized businesses, professionals, and associated individuals.  The Bank provides its customers with personal customized service utilizing the latest technology and delivery channels.  The Bank has two active wholly owned subsidiaries:  Access National Mortgage Corporation (the “Mortgage Corporation”) and Access National Real Estate LLC (“Access Real Estate”). The Corporation does not have any significant operations and serves primarily as the parent company for the Bank. The Corporation’s income is primarily derived from dividends received from the Bank.  These dividends are determined by the Bank’s earnings and capital position.  Access National Capital Trust II was formed for the purpose of issuing redeemable capital securities.

The headquarters for the Corporation, the Bank, Access Real Estate and the Mortgage Corporation are located at 1800 Robert Fulton Drive, Reston, Virginia.

Bank revenues are derived from interest and fees received in connection with loans, deposits and investments. Interest paid on deposits and borrowings are the major expenses followed by administrative and operating expenses.  Revenues from the Mortgage Corporation consist primarily of gains from the sale of loans and loan origination fees.  Major expenses of the Mortgage Corporation consist of personnel, interest, advertising and other operating expenses.

The economy, interest rates, monetary and fiscal policies of the federal government and regulatory policies have a significant influence on the Corporation, the Bank, and the Mortgage Corporation, and the banking industry as a whole.

The Bank has experienced consistent growth and profitability since inception. Our goal is to become a leading provider of financial services to small to medium sized businesses and professionals in Northern Virginia.  Our strategy is to know the needs of our clients and to deliver the corresponding financial services.  We employ highly qualified personnel and emphasize the use of the latest technology in operations and the services we provide.  Our marketing efforts are directed to prospective clients that value high quality service and that are, or have the potential to become, highly profitable.

Assets at year end totaled $666.9 million and net income amounted to $9.6 million.  The Bank operates from five banking centers located in Chantilly, Tysons Corner, Reston, Leesburg and Manassas, Virginia and online at www.accessnationalbank.com.  Additional offices may be added from time to time based upon management’s constant analysis of the market and opportunities.

The Mortgage Corporation specializes in the origination of conforming and government insured residential mortgages primarily in the greater Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area and the surrounding areas of its branch locations. The Mortgage Corporation has established offices throughout Virginia, in Annandale, Fairfax, Reston, Roanoke, Richmond, and McLean. Offices outside the state of Virginia include Westminster and Crofton in Maryland, Nashville in Tennessee, Denver in Colorado, Indianapolis in Indiana, Chicago in Illinois, Atlanta in Georgia, Winchester in Massachusetts and San Antonio in Texas.

Access Real Estate was formed to acquire and hold title to real estate for the Corporation. Access Real Estate owns a 45,000 square foot, three story office building located at 1800 Robert Fulton Drive in Reston, Virginia that serves as the corporate headquarters for the Corporation, Bank, Mortgage Corporation, and Access Real Estate.  Access Real Estate also owns vacant land in Fredericksburg that was purchased for future expansion of the Bank and Mortgage Corporation.

The Corporation’s common stock commenced trading on the NASDAQ Global Market under the ticker symbol “ANCX” on July 19, 2004.

 
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Our Strategy – Historical and Prospective
 
Our view of the financial services marketplace is that community banks must be effective in select market niches that are under-served and stay clear of competing with large national competitors on a head-to-head basis for broad based consumer business.  We started by organizing a de novo national bank in 1999.  The focus of the Bank was and is serving the small to medium sized businesses and their associated professionals in the greater Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area. We find that large national competitors are ineffective at addressing this market as it is difficult to distinguish where a business’s financial needs stop and the personal financial needs of that business’s professionals start. We believe that emerging businesses and the finances of their owners are best served hand-in-hand.

Our core competency is judgmental discipline of commercial lending based upon personnel and practices that help our clients strategize and grow their businesses from a financial perspective.  As financial success takes hold in the business, personal goals and wealth objectives of the business owners become increasingly important.  Our second competency is a derivative of the first.  We have the personnel and know how to provide private banking services and the skills and strategy that assist our individual clients to acquire assets, build wealth and manage their resources.  Mortgage banking and the related activities in our model goes hand-in-hand with supplying effective private banking services.  Unlike most banking companies, the heart of our Mortgage Corporation is ingrained into our commercial bank, serving the same clients side-by-side in a coordinated and seamless fashion.  We believe that lending is not enough in today’s environment to attract and retain commercial and professional clients.  The credit services must be backed up by competitive deposit and cash management products and operational excellence. We have made significant investments in skilled personnel and the latest technology to ensure we can deliver these services.

We generally expect to have fewer branch locations compared to similar size banking companies. We do not view our branch network as a significant determinant of our growth.  Our marketing strategies focus on benefits other than branch location convenience.

The acquisition of the Mortgage Corporation in 1999 provided two key benefits to our strategy:  1) it solidified our second competency from a personnel and operational perspective that would have taken years to replicate with organic growth alone; and 2) it provided fee income from which to launch a new banking business.  Strong profits and cash flow from the Mortgage Corporation in the early years subsidized the growth and development of the Bank and allowed for the acceleration of its growth plans and, in time, its profitability.

The goal was and is to generate 70-80% of the Corporation’s earnings from the core business of the Bank, with the rest of our consolidated earnings to be generated from related fee income activities.  We will consider entering other related fee income businesses that serve our target market as opportunities, market conditions and our capacity dictate.  See Note 20 to the consolidated financial statements for additional information on segment performance.

We expect to grow our Bank by continuing to hire skilled personnel, train our own and provide a sound infrastructure that facilitates the success of  businesses, their owners and key personnel, not only today but tomorrow and on into the ensuing decades.

Lending Activities

The Bank’s lending activities involve commercial loans, commercial real estate loans, commercial and residential real estate construction loans, residential mortgage loans, home equity loans, and consumer loans.  These lending activities provide access to credit to small to medium sized businesses, professionals and consumers in the greater Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area. Loans originated by the Bank are classified as loans held for investment.  The Mortgage Corporation originates residential mortgages and home equity loans that are only held temporarily pending their sale to third parties and in some cases the Bank.  The Mortgage Corporation also brokers loans that do not conform to their existing products.  Each of our principal loan types are described below.
 
At December 31, 2009 loans held for investment totaled $486.6 million compared to $485.9 million at year end 2008.  During 2009 loan demand diminished as a result of economic conditions and stricter underwriting standards.
 
The Bank’s lending activities are subject to a variety of lending limits imposed by federal law. While differing limits apply in certain circumstances based on the type of loan, in general, the Bank’s lending limit to any one borrower on loans that are not fully secured by readily marketable or other permissible collateral is equal to 15% of the Bank’s capital and surplus. The Bank has established relationships with correspondent banks to participate in loans when loan amounts exceed the Bank’s legal lending limits or internal lending policies.

 
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We have an established credit policy that includes procedures for underwriting each type of loan and lending personnel have been assigned specific authorities based upon their experience.  Loans in excess of an individual loan officer’s authority are presented to our Loan Committee for approval.  The Loan Committee meets weekly to facilitate a timely approval process for our clients.  Loans are approved based on the borrower’s capacity for credit, collateral and sources of repayment. Loans are actively monitored to detect any potential performance issues.  We manage our loans within the context of a risk grading system developed by management based upon extensive experience in administering loan portfolios in our market.  Payment performance is carefully monitored for all loans.  When loan repayment is dependent upon an operating business or investment real estate, periodic financial reports, site visits and select asset verification procedures are used to ensure that we accurately rate the relative risk of our assets.  Based upon criteria that are established by management and the Board of Directors, the degree of monitoring is escalated or relaxed for any given borrower based upon our assessment of the future repayment risk.
 
Loan Portfolio – Loans Held for Investment.  The following outlines the composition of loans held for investment.

Commercial Loans: Commercial Loans represent 14.9% of our loan portfolio held for investment as of December 31, 2009.  These loans are to businesses or individuals within our target market for business purposes.  Typically the loan proceeds are used to support working capital and the acquisition of fixed assets of an operating business.  These loans are underwritten based upon our assessment of the obligor(s)’ ability to generate operating cash flow in the future necessary to repay the loan.  To address the risks associated with the uncertainties of future cash flow, these loans are generally well secured by assets owned by the business or its principal shareholders and the principal shareholders are typically required to guarantee the loan.

Real Estate Construction Loans: Real Estate Construction Loans, also known as construction and land development loans, comprise 8.5% of our held for investment loan portfolio, as of December 31, 2009.  These loans generally fall into one of four circumstances:  first, loans to construct owner occupied commercial buildings; second, loans to individuals that are ultimately used to acquire property and construct an owner occupied residence; third, loans to builders for the purpose of acquiring property and constructing homes for sale to consumers; and fourth, loans to developers for the purpose of acquiring land that is developed into finished lots for the ultimate construction of residential or commercial buildings.  Loans of these types are generally secured by the subject property within limits established by the Board of Directors based upon an assessment of market conditions and up-dated from time to time.  The loans typically carry recourse to principal borrowers.  In addition to the repayment risk associated with loans to individuals and businesses, loans in this category carry construction completion risk.  To address this additional risk, loans of this type are subject to additional administrative procedures designed to verify and ensure progress of the project in accordance with allocated funding, project specifications and time frames.

Commercial Real Estate Loans: Also known as Commercial Mortgages, loans in this category represent 45.3% of our loan portfolio held for investment, as of December 31, 2009.   These loans generally fall into one of three situations: first, loans supporting an owner occupied commercial property; second, properties used by non-profit organizations such as churches or schools where repayment is dependent upon the cash flow of the non-profit organizations; and third, loans supporting a commercial property leased to third parties for investment.  Commercial Real Estate Loans are secured by the subject property and underwritten to policy standards.  Policy standards approved by the Board of Directors from time to time set forth, among other considerations, loan to value limits, cash flow coverage ratios, and the general creditworthiness of the obligors.

Residential Real Estate Loans:  This category includes loans secured by first or second mortgages on one to four family residential properties, generally extended to Bank clients, and represents 31.0% of the portfolio, as of December 31, 2009.  Of this amount, the following sub-categories exist as a percentage of the whole Residential Real Estate Loan portfolio:  Home Equity Lines of Credit 12.4%; First Trust Mortgage Loans 68.5%; Loans Secured by a Junior Trust 16.9%; Multi-Family Loans and Loans Secured by Farmland 2.2%.

Home Equity Loans are extended to borrowers in our target market.  Real estate equity is the largest component of consumer wealth in our marketplace.  Once approved, this consumer finance tool allows the borrowers to access the equity in their home or investment property and use the proceeds for virtually any purpose.  Home Equity Loans are most frequently secured by a second lien on residential property. One to Four Family Residential First Trust Loan, or First Mortgage Loan, proceeds are used to acquire or refinance the primary financing on owner occupied and residential investment properties. Junior Trust Loans, or Loans Secured by a Second Trust Loans, are to consumers wherein the proceeds have been used for a stated consumer purpose.  Examples of consumer purposes are education, refinancing debt, or purchasing consumer goods.  The loans are generally extended in a single disbursement and repaid over a specified period of time.

Loans in the Residential Real Estate portfolio are underwritten to standards within a traditional consumer framework that is periodically reviewed and updated by our management and Board of Directors: repayment source and capacity, value of the underlying property, credit history, savings pattern and stability.

Consumer Loans:  Consumer Loans make up approximately 0.3% of our loan portfolio.  Most loans are well secured with assets other than real estate, such as marketable securities or automobiles.  Very few loans are unsecured.  As a matter of operation, management discourages unsecured lending.  Loans in this category are underwritten to standards within a traditional consumer framework that is periodically reviewed and up dated by our management and Board of Directors: repayment source and capacity, collateral value, credit history, savings pattern and stability.

 
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Loans Held for Sale (“LHFS”). Loans in this category are originated by the Mortgage Corporation and comprised of residential mortgage loans extended to consumers and underwritten in accordance with standards set forth by an institutional investor to whom we expect to sell the loan. Loan proceeds are used for the purchase or refinance of the property securing the loan.  Loans are sold with the servicing released to the investor.

The LHFS loans are closed in our name and carried on our books until the loan is delivered to and purchased by an investor.  In 2009, we originated $1.5 billion of loans processed in this manner, up from $775.2 million in 2008.  At December 31, 2009 loans held for sale totaled $76.2 million compared to $84.3 million at year end 2008.  The amount of loans held for sale outstanding at the end of any given month fluctuates with the volume of loans closed during the month and the timing of loans purchased by investors.

Brokered Loans

Brokered loans are underwritten and closed by a third party lender.  We are paid a fee for procuring and packaging brokered loans.   In 2009, we originated a total volume of $68.4 million in residential mortgage loans under this type of delivery method.  Brokered loans accounted for 4.4% of the total loan volume of the Mortgage Corporation.  The risks associated with this activity are limited to losses or claims arising from fraud.

Deposits

Deposits are the primary source of funding loan growth.  At December 31, 2009 deposits totaled $466.6 million compared to $485.4 million on December 31, 2008.

Market Area

The Corporation, the Bank, and the Mortgage Corporation are headquartered in Fairfax County and serve the Northern Virginia region.  Fairfax County is a diverse and thriving urban county.  As of April 2008, the estimated population of the county is 1,015,302, making it the most populous jurisdiction in the Commonwealth of Virginia, with about 13% of Virginia's population. Fairfax was the first county to reach a six-figure median household income, and has the second-highest median household income of any jurisdiction in the United States after neighboring Loudoun County.  The proximity to Washington, D.C. and the influence of the federal government and its spending provides somewhat of a recession shelter.

Competition

The Bank competes with virtually all banks and financial institutions which offer services in its market area.  Much of this competition comes from large financial institutions headquartered outside the state of Virginia, each of which has greater financial and other resources to conduct large advertising campaigns and offer incentives.  To attract business in this competitive environment, the Bank relies on personal contact by its officers and directors, local promotional activities, and the ability to provide personalized custom services to small and medium sized businesses and professionals. In addition to providing full service banking, the Bank offers and promotes alternative and modern conveniences such as internet banking, automated clearinghouse transactions, remote deposit capture, and courier services for commercial clients. Because federal regulation of financial institutions changes regularly and is the subject of constant legislative debate, we cannot foresee how federal regulation of financial institutions may change in the future.  However, it is possible that current and future governmental regulatory and economic initiatives could impact the competitive landscape in the Bank’s markets.

Employees

At December 31, 2009 the Corporation had 328 employees, 94 of whom were employed by the Bank and 234 of whom were employed by the Mortgage Corporation.  None of the employees of the Corporation is subject to a collective bargaining agreement.  Management considers employee relations to be good.
 
Supervision and Regulation
 
Set forth below is a brief description of the material laws and regulations that affect the Corporation. The description of these statutes and regulations is only a summary and does not purport to be complete. This discussion is qualified in its entirety by reference to the statutes and regulations summarized below. No assurance can be given that these statutes or regulations will not change in the future.
 
General. The Corporation is subject to the periodic reporting requirements of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), which include, but are not limited to, the filing of annual, quarterly and other reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). As an Exchange Act reporting company, the Corporation is directly affected by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the “SOX”), which aimed at improving corporate governance and reporting procedures and requires expanded disclosure of the Corporation’s corporate operations and internal controls.

 
5

 

The Corporation is a bank holding company within the meaning of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, and is registered as such with, and subject to the supervision of, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond (the “FRB”). Generally, a bank holding company is required to obtain the approval of the FRB before it may acquire all or substantially all of the assets of any bank, and before it may acquire ownership or control of the voting shares of any bank if, after giving effect to the acquisition, the bank holding company would own or control more than 5% of the voting shares of such bank. The FRB’s approval is also required for the merger or consolidation of bank holding companies.
 
The Corporation is required to file periodic reports with the FRB and provide any additional information as the FRB may require. The FRB also has the authority to examine the Corporation and the Bank, as well as any arrangements between the Corporation and the Bank, with the cost of any such examinations to be borne by the Corporation.
 
Banking subsidiaries of bank holding companies are also subject to certain restrictions imposed by federal law in dealings with their holding companies and other affiliates. Subject to certain restrictions set forth in the Federal Reserve Act, a bank can loan or extend credit to an affiliate, purchase or invest in the securities of an affiliate, purchase assets from an affiliate or issue a guarantee, acceptance or letter of credit on behalf of an affiliate, as long as the aggregate amount of such transactions of a bank and its subsidiaries with its affiliates does not exceed 10% of the capital stock and surplus of the bank on a per affiliate basis or 20% of the capital stock and surplus of the bank on an aggregate affiliate basis. In addition, such transactions must be on terms and conditions that are consistent with safe and sound banking practices. In particular, a bank and its subsidiaries generally may not purchase from an affiliate a low-quality asset, as defined in the Federal Reserve Act. These restrictions also prevent a bank holding company and its other affiliates from borrowing from a banking subsidiary of the bank holding company unless the loans are secured by marketable collateral of designated amounts. Additionally, the Corporation and its subsidiary are prohibited from engaging in certain tie-in arrangements in connection with any extension of credit, sale or lease of property or furnishing of services.
 
A bank holding company is prohibited from engaging in or acquiring direct or indirect ownership or control of more than 5% of the voting shares of any company engaged in non-banking activities. A bank holding company may, however, engage in or acquire an interest in a company that engages in activities which the FRB has determined by regulation or order are so closely related to banking as to be a proper incident to banking. In making these determinations, the FRB considers whether the performance of such activities by a bank holding company would offer advantages to the public that outweigh possible adverse effects.
 
As a national bank, the Bank is subject to regulation, supervision and regular examination by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (the “Comptroller”). Each depositor’s account with the Bank is insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (the “FDIC”) to the maximum amount permitted by law. The Bank is also subject to certain regulations promulgated by the FRB and applicable provisions of Virginia law, insofar as they do not conflict with or are not preempted by federal banking law.
 
The regulations of the FDIC, the Comptroller and FRB govern most aspects of the Corporation’s business, including deposit reserve requirements, investments, loans, certain check clearing activities, issuance of securities, payment of dividends, branching, deposit interest rate ceilings and numerous other matters.
 
As a consequence of the extensive regulation of commercial banking activities in the United States, the Corporation’s business is particularly susceptible to changes in state and federal legislation and regulations, which may have the effect of increasing the cost of doing business, limiting permissible activities or increasing competition.
 
Governmental Policies and Legislation.   Banking is a business that depends primarily on interest rate differentials. In general, the difference between the interest rates paid by the Bank on its deposits and its other borrowings and the interest rates received by the Bank on loans extended to its customers and securities held in its portfolio comprise the major portion of the Corporation’s earnings. These rates are highly sensitive to many factors that are beyond the Corporation’s control. Accordingly, the Corporation’s growth and earnings are subject to the influence of domestic and foreign economic conditions, including inflation, recession and unemployment.
 
The commercial banking business is affected not only by general economic conditions, but is also influenced by the monetary and fiscal policies of the federal government and the policies of its regulatory agencies, particularly the FRB. The FRB implements national monetary policies (with objectives such as curbing inflation and combating recession) by its open-market operations in U.S. Government securities, by adjusting the required level of reserves for financial institutions subject to its reserve requirements and by varying the discount rates applicable to borrowings by depository institutions. The actions of the FRB in these areas influence the growth of bank loans, investments and deposits, and also affect interest rates charged on loans and paid on deposits. The nature and impact of any future changes in monetary policies cannot be predicted. From time to time, legislation is enacted which has the effect of increasing the cost of doing business, limiting or expanding permissible activities or affecting the competitive balance between banks and other financial institutions. Proposals to change the laws and regulations governing the operations and taxation of bank holding companies, banks and other financial institutions are frequently made in Congress, in the Virginia Legislature and brought before various bank holding company and bank regulatory agencies. The likelihood of any major changes and the impact such changes might have are impossible to predict. It is also not clear at this time what impact the EESA, as amended by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (the “ARRA”), enacted February 17, 2009, or other initiatives of the U.S. Treasury and other bank regulatory agencies that have been announced, or any additional programs that may be initiated in the future, will have on the financial markets, the financial services industry, the Corporation or the Bank.

 
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Dividends. There are both federal and state regulatory restrictions on dividend payments by both the Bank and the Corporation that may affect the Corporation’s ability to pay dividends on its common stock. As a bank holding company, the Corporation is a separate legal entity from the Bank.  Virtually all of the Corporation’s income results from dividends paid to the Corporation by the Bank.  The amount of dividends that may be paid by the Bank depends upon the Bank’s earnings and capital position and is limited by federal and state law, regulations and policies.  In addition to specific regulations governing the permissibility of dividends, both the FRB and the Virginia Bureau of Financial Institutions are generally authorized to prohibit payment of dividends if they determine that the payment of dividends by the Bank would be an unsafe and unsound banking practice.  The Corporation meets all regulatory requirements and began paying dividends in February 2006.  The Corporation paid dividends totaling $415 thousand in 2009. See “Item 5 - Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.”
 
Capital Requirements. The FRB, the Comptroller and the FDIC have adopted risk-based capital adequacy guidelines for bank holding companies and banks. These capital adequacy regulations are based upon a risk-based capital determination, whereby a bank holding company’s capital adequacy is determined in light of the risk, both on- and off-balance sheet, contained in the company’s assets. Different categories of assets are assigned risk weightings and are counted at a percentage of their book value.
 
The regulations divide capital between Tier 1 capital (core capital) and Tier 2 capital. For a bank holding company, Tier 1 capital consists primarily of common stock, related surplus, non-cumulative perpetual preferred stock, minority interests in consolidated subsidiaries and a limited amount of qualifying cumulative preferred securities. Goodwill and certain other intangibles are excluded from Tier 1 capital. Tier 2 capital consists of an amount equal to the allowance for loan and lease losses up to a maximum of 1.25% of risk weighted assets, limited other types of preferred stock not included in Tier 1 capital, hybrid capital instruments and term subordinated debt. Investments in and loans to unconsolidated banking and finance subsidiaries that constitute capital of those subsidiaries are excluded from capital. The sum of Tier 1 and Tier 2 capital constitutes qualifying total capital. The guidelines generally require banks to maintain a total qualifying capital to weighted risk assets level of 8% (the “Risk-based Capital Ratio”). Of the total 8%, at least 4% of the total qualifying capital to weighted risk assets (the “Tier 1 Risk-based Capital Ratio”) must be Tier 1 capital.
 
The FRB, the Comptroller and the FDIC have adopted leverage requirements that apply in addition to the risk-based capital requirements. Banks and bank holding companies are required to maintain a minimum leverage ratio of Tier 1 capital to average total consolidated assets (the “Leverage Ratio”) of at least 3.0% for the most highly-rated, financially sound banks and bank holding companies and a minimum Leverage Ratio of at least 4.0% for all other banks. The FDIC and the FRB define Tier 1 capital for banks in the same manner for both the Leverage Ratio and the Risk-based Capital Ratio. However, the FRB defines Tier 1 capital for bank holding companies in a slightly different manner. An institution may be required to maintain Tier 1 capital of at least 4% or 5%, or possibly higher, depending upon the activities, risks, rate of growth, and other factors deemed material by regulatory authorities. As of December 31, 2009, the Corporation and Bank both met all applicable capital requirements imposed by regulation.
 
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991 (“FDICIA”).   There are five capital categories applicable to insured institutions, each with specific regulatory consequences. If the appropriate federal banking agency determines, after notice and an opportunity for hearing, that an insured institution is in an unsafe or unsound condition, it may reclassify the institution to the next lower capital category (other than critically undercapitalized) and require the submission of a plan to correct the unsafe or unsound condition. The Comptroller has issued regulations to implement these provisions. Under these regulations, the categories are:
 
     a.     Well Capitalized — The institution exceeds the required minimum level for each relevant capital measure. A well capitalized institution is one (i) having a Risk-based Capital Ratio of 10% or greater, (ii) having a Tier 1 Risk-based Capital Ratio of 6% or greater, (iii) having a Leverage Ratio of 5% or greater and (iv) that is not subject to any order or written directive to meet and maintain a specific capital level for any capital measure.
 
     b.     Adequately Capitalized — The institution meets the required minimum level for each relevant capital measure. No capital distribution may be made that would result in the institution becoming undercapitalized. An adequately capitalized institution is one (i) having a Risk-based Capital Ratio of 8% or greater, (ii) having a Tier 1 Risk-based Capital Ratio of 4% or greater and (iii) having a Leverage Ratio of 4% or greater or a Leverage Ratio of 3% or greater if the institution is rated composite 1 under the CAMELS (Capital, Assets, Management, Earnings, Liquidity and Sensitivity to market risk) rating system.
 
     c.     Undercapitalized — The institution fails to meet the required minimum level for any relevant capital measure. An undercapitalized institution is one (i) having a Risk-based Capital Ratio of less than 8% or (ii) having a Tier 1 Risk-based Capital Ratio of less than 4% or (iii) having a Leverage Ratio of less than 4%, or if the institution is rated a composite 1 under the CAMEL rating system, a Leverage Ratio of less than 3%.

 
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     d.     Significantly Undercapitalized — The institution is significantly below the required minimum level for any relevant capital measure. A significantly undercapitalized institution is one (i) having a Risk-based Capital Ratio of less than 6% or (ii) having a Tier 1 Risk-based Capital Ratio of less than 3% or (iii) having a Leverage Ratio of less than 3%.
 
     e.     Critically Undercapitalized — The institution fails to meet a critical capital level set by the appropriate federal banking agency. A critically undercapitalized institution is one having a ratio of tangible equity to total assets that is equal to or less than 2%.
 
An institution which is less than adequately capitalized must adopt an acceptable capital restoration plan, is subject to increased regulatory oversight, and is increasingly restricted in the scope of its permissible activities. Each company having control over an undercapitalized institution must provide a limited guarantee that the institution will comply with its capital restoration plan. Except under limited circumstances consistent with an accepted capital restoration plan, an undercapitalized institution may not grow. An undercapitalized institution may not acquire another institution, establish additional branch offices or engage in any new line of business unless determined by the appropriate federal banking agency to be consistent with an accepted capital restoration plan, or unless the FDIC determines that the proposed action will further the purpose of prompt corrective action. The appropriate Federal banking agency may take any action authorized for a significantly undercapitalized institution if an undercapitalized institution fails to submit an acceptable capital restoration plan or fails in any material respect to implement a plan accepted by the agency. A critically undercapitalized institution is subject to having a receiver or conservator appointed to manage its affairs and for loss of its charter to conduct banking activities.
 
An insured depository institution may not pay a management fee to a bank holding company controlling that institution or any other person having control of the institution if, after making the payment, the institution, would be undercapitalized. In addition, an institution cannot make a capital distribution, such as a dividend or other distribution that is in substance a distribution of capital to the owners of the institution if following such a distribution the institution would be undercapitalized. Thus, if payment of such a management fee or the making of such would cause the Bank to become undercapitalized, it could not pay a management fee or dividend to the Corporation.
 
As of December 31, 2009, both the Corporation and the Bank were considered “well capitalized.”
 
Deposit Insurance Assessments. The Bank's deposits are insured up to applicable limits by the Deposit Insurance Fund (the “DIF”) of the FDIC.  The FDIC amended its risk-based assessment system in 2007 to implement authority granted by the Federal Deposit Insurance Reform Act of 2005 (“FDIRA”).  Under the revised system, insured institutions are assigned to one of four risk categories based on supervisory evaluations, regulatory capital levels and certain other factors.  An institution's assessment rate depends upon the category to which it is assigned.  Unlike the other categories, Risk Category I, which contains the least risky depository institutions, contains further risk differentiation based on the FDIC's analysis of financial ratios, examination component ratings and other information.  Assessment rates are determined by the FDIC and vary as between the healthiest institutions (Risk Category I) and the riskiest (Risk Category IV).  For calendar 2008, assessments ranged from five to 43 basis points of each institution’s deposit assessment base.  Due to losses incurred by the DIF in 2008 from failed institutions, and anticipated future losses, the FDIC adopted an across the board seven basis point increase in the assessment range for the first quarter of 2009.  The FDIC made further refinements to its risk-based assessment that were effective April 1, 2009, and effectively made the range seven to 771/2 basis points, with the annualized assessment rate for Risk Category 1 institutions ranging from seven to 24 basis points. The FDIC may adjust rates uniformly from one quarter to the next, except that no single adjustment can exceed three basis points.  FDIRA also provided for the possibility that the FDIC may pay dividends to insured institutions if the DIF reserve ratio equals or exceeds 1.35% of estimated insured deposits.

Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999. The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999 (the “GLBA”) implemented major changes to the statutory framework for providing banking and other financial services in the United States. The GLBA, among other things, eliminated many of the restrictions on affiliations among banks and securities firms, insurance firms and other financial service providers. A bank holding company that qualifies as a financial holding company will be permitted to engage in activities that are financial in nature or incidental or complimentary to financial activities. The activities that the GLBA expressly lists as financial in nature include insurance underwriting, sales and brokerage activities, providing financial and investment advisory services, underwriting services and limited merchant banking activities.
 
To become eligible for these expanded activities, a bank holding company must qualify as a financial holding company. To qualify as a financial holding company, each insured depository institution controlled by the bank holding company must be well-capitalized, well-managed and have at least a satisfactory rating under the CRA (discussed below). In addition, the bank holding company must file with the Federal Reserve a declaration of its intention to become a financial holding company. While the Corporation satisfies these requirements, the Corporation has not elected for various reasons to be treated as a financial holding company under the GLBA.
 
 
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We do not believe that the GLBA has had a material adverse impact on the Corporation’s or the Bank’s operations. To the extent that it allows banks, securities firms and insurance firms to affiliate, the financial services industry may experience further consolidation. The GLBA may have the result of increasing competition that we face from larger institutions and other companies offering financial products and services, many of which may have substantially greater financial resources.
 
The GLBA and certain other regulations issued by federal banking agencies also provide new protections against the transfer and use by financial institutions of consumer nonpublic personal information. A financial institution must provide to its customers, at the beginning of the customer relationship and annually thereafter, the institution’s policies and procedures regarding the handling of customers’ nonpublic personal financial information. These privacy provisions generally prohibit a financial institution from providing a customer’s personal financial information to unaffiliated third parties unless the institution discloses to the customer that the information may be so provided and the customer is given the opportunity to opt out of such disclosure.
 
Community Reinvestment Act.   The Bank is subject to the requirements of the Community Reinvestment Act (the “CRA”). The CRA imposes on financial institutions an affirmative and ongoing obligation to meet the credit needs of their local communities, including low and moderate-income neighborhoods, consistent with the safe and sound operation of those institutions. A financial institution’s efforts in meeting community credit needs currently are evaluated as part of the examination process pursuant to three performance tests. These factors also are considered in evaluating mergers, acquisitions and applications to open a branch or facility.
 
Federal Home Loan Bank (“FHLB”) of Atlanta. The Bank is a member of the FHLB of Atlanta, which is one of twelve regional FHLBs that provide funding to their members for making housing loans as well as for affordable housing and community development lending. Each FHLB serves as a reserve or central bank for its members within its assigned region. It is funded primarily from proceeds derived from the sale of consolidated obligations of the FHLB System. It makes loans to members (i.e., advances) in accordance with policies and procedures established by the Board of Directors of the FHLB. As a member the Bank is required to purchase and maintain stock in the FHLB in an amount equal to 4.5% of aggregate outstanding advances in addition to the membership stock requirement of 0.2% of the Bank’s total assets.
 
Mortgage Banking Regulation. The Bank’s mortgage banking subsidiary is subject to the rules and regulations of, and examination by, the Department of Housing and Urban Development (“HUD”), the Federal Housing Administration, the Department of Veterans Affairs and state regulatory authorities with respect to originating, processing and selling mortgage loans. Those rules and regulations, among other things, establish standards for loan origination, prohibit discrimination, provide for inspections and appraisals of property, require credit reports on prospective borrowers and, in some cases, restrict certain loan features and fix maximum interest rates and fees. In addition to other federal laws, mortgage origination activities are subject to the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, Truth-in-Lending Act, Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, and Home Ownership Equity Protection Act, and the regulations promulgated there under. These laws prohibit discrimination, require the disclosure of certain basic information to mortgagors concerning credit and settlement costs, limit payment for settlement services to the reasonable value of the services rendered and require the maintenance and disclosure of information regarding the disposition of mortgage applications based on race, gender, geographical distribution and income level.

USA PATRIOT Act.    The USA PATRIOT Act became effective on October 26, 2001 and provides for the facilitation of information sharing among governmental entities and financial institutions for the purpose of combating terrorism and money laundering. Among other provisions, the USA PATRIOT Act permits financial institutions, upon providing notice to the U.S. Treasury, to share information with one another in order to better identify and report to the federal government concerning activities that may involve money laundering or terrorists’ activities. The USA PATRIOT Act is considered a significant banking law in terms of information disclosure regarding certain customer transactions. Certain provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act impose the obligation to establish anti-money laundering programs, including the development of a customer identification program, and the screening of all customers against any government lists of known or suspected terrorists. Although it does create a reporting obligation and a cost of compliance, the Bank does not expect the USA PATRIOT Act to materially affect its products, services or other business activities.

Reporting Terrorist Activities.   The Federal Bureau of Investigation (“FBI”) has sent, and will send, our banking regulatory agencies lists of the names of persons suspected of involvement in terrorist activities. The Bank has been requested, and will be requested, to search its records for any relationships or transactions with persons on those lists. If the Bank finds any relationships or transactions, it must file a suspicious activity report and contact the FBI.

The Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”), which is a division of the U.S.Treasury, is responsible for helping to insure that United States entities do not engage in transactions with “enemies” of the United States, as defined by various Executive Orders and Acts of Congress. OFAC has sent, and will send, our banking regulatory agencies lists of names of persons and organizations suspected of aiding, harboring or engaging in terrorist acts. If the Bank finds a name on any transaction, account or wire transfer that is on an OFAC list, it must freeze such account, file a suspicious activity report and notify the FBI. The Bank has appointed an OFAC compliance officer to oversee the inspection of its accounts and the filing of any notifications. The Bank actively checks high-risk OFAC areas such as new accounts, wire transfers and customer files. The Bank performs these checks utilizing software, which is updated each time a modification is made to the lists provided by OFAC and other agencies of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons.

 
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Consumer Laws and Regulations. The Bank is also subject to certain consumer laws and regulations that are designed to protect consumers in transactions with banks.  While the list set forth herein is not exhaustive, these laws and regulations include the Truth in Lending Act, the Truth in Savings Act, the Electronic Funds Transfer Act, the Expedited Funds Availability Act, the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, the Fair Credit Reporting Act and the Fair Housing Act, among others.  These laws and regulations mandate certain disclosure requirements and regulate the manner in which financial institutions transact business with customers.  The Bank must comply with the applicable provisions of these consumer protection laws and regulations as part of its ongoing customer relations.

Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (“EESA").  On October 3, 2008, the EESA was enacted, which temporarily increased FDIC insurance coverage from $100,000 to $250,000, as well as provided up to $700 billion in funding for the financial services industry. Pursuant to the EESA, the U.S. Treasury was initially authorized by Congress to use $350 billion for the Troubled Asset Relief Program (“TARP”). Of this amount, the U.S. Treasury allocated $250 billion to the Capital Purchase Program (“CPP”). This program allows a qualifying institution to apply for up to three percent of its total risk-weighted assets in capital, which will be in the form of non-cumulative perpetual preferred stock of the institution with a dividend rate of 5% until the fifth anniversary of the investment and 9% thereafter. The U.S. Treasury will also receive warrants for common stock of the institution equal to 15% of the capital invested. On January 15, 2009, the second $350 billion of TARP funding was released to the U.S. Treasury. The Corporation applied in November, 2008 for TARP funding of up to three percent of its risk-weighted assets and we were approved on January 6, 2009 for up to $16 million.  On February 5, 2009 the Corporation declined participation in these programs due to the cost of participation in the CPP and the well capitalized position of both the Bank and Corporation.

Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program.  On November 21, 2008, the Board of Directors of the FDIC adopted a final rule relating to the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program (“TLG Program”). The TLG Program was announced by the FDIC on October 14, 2008, preceded by the determination of systemic risk by the Secretary of the Department of Treasury (after consultation with the President), as an initiative to counter the system-wide crisis in the nation’s financial sector. Under the TLG Program the FDIC will (i) guarantee, through the earlier of maturity or December 31, 2012, certain newly issued senior unsecured debt issued by participating institutions on or after October 14, 2008, and before October 31, 2009 and (ii) provide full FDIC deposit insurance coverage for non-interest bearing transaction deposit accounts, Negotiable Order of Withdrawal (“NOW”) accounts paying less than 0.5% interest per annum and Interest on Lawyers Trust Accounts held at participating FDIC insured institutions through June 30, 2010, extended by subsequent amendment from December 31, 2009.  Coverage under the TLG Program was available for the first 30 days without charge. The fee assessment for coverage of senior unsecured debt ranges from 50 basis points to 125 basis points per annum, depending on the initial maturity of the debt and its date of issuance. The fee assessment for deposit insurance coverage on amounts in covered accounts exceeding $250,000 was an annualized 10 basis points through December 31, 2009 and is an annualizes 15 basis points for coverage in 2010 for institutions in risk category 1. The Bank elected to participate in both guarantee programs.  On February 11, 2009 the Bank issued $30.0 million in new senior unsecured debt at 2.74% maturing February 15, 2012 under the TLG Program.

Future Regulations

Regulatory Restructuring Legislation.  In June 2009, the U.S. President’s administration proposed a wide range of regulatory reforms that, if enacted, may have significant effects on the financial services industry in the United States. Significant aspects of the administration’s proposals included, among other things, proposals: (i) to reassess and increase capital requirements for banks and bank holding companies and examine the types of instruments that qualify as regulatory capital; (ii) to create a federal consumer financial protection agency to be the primary federal consumer protection supervisor with broad examination, supervision and enforcement authority with respect to consumer financial products and services; (iii) to further limit the ability of banks to engage in transactions with affiliates; and (iv) to subject all “over-the-counter” derivatives markets to comprehensive regulation.

The U.S. Congress, state lawmaking bodies and federal and state regulatory agencies continue to consider a number of wide-ranging and comprehensive proposals for altering the structure, regulation and competitive relationships of the nation’s financial institutions, including rules and regulations related to the administration’s proposals. Separate comprehensive financial reform bills intended to address the proposals set forth by the administration were introduced in both houses of Congress in the second half of 2009 and remain under review by both the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate. In addition, both the U.S. Treasury and the Basel Committee have issued policy statements regarding proposed significant changes to the regulatory capital framework applicable to banking organizations as discussed above. The Corporation cannot predict whether or in what form further legislation or regulations may be adopted or the extent to which the Corporation may be affected thereby.
 
 
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Incentive Compensation.  On October 22, 2009, the FRB issued a comprehensive proposal on incentive compensation policies intended to ensure that the incentive compensation policies of banking organizations do not undermine the safety and soundness of such organizations by encouraging excessive risk-taking. Banking organizations are instructed to review their incentive compensation policies to ensure that they do not encourage excessive risk-taking and implement corrective programs as needed. The FRB will review, as part of the regular, risk-focused examination process, the incentive compensation arrangements of banking organizations, such as the Bank, that are not “large, complex banking organizations.” These reviews will be tailored to each organization based on the scope and complexity of the organization’s activities and the prevalence of incentive compensation arrangements. The findings of the supervisory initiatives will be included in reports of examination. Deficiencies will be incorporated into the organization’s supervisory ratings, which can affect the organization’s ability to make acquisitions and take other actions.  In addition, on January 12, 2010, the FDIC announced that it would seek public comment on whether banks with compensation plans that encourage risky behavior should be charged at higher deposit assessment rates than such banks would otherwise be charged.  The scope and content of the U.S. banking regulators’ policies on executive compensation are continuing to develop and are likely to continue evolving in the near future. It cannot be determined at this time whether compliance with such policies will adversely affect the Bank’s ability to hire, retain and motivate its key employees.

ITEM 1A – RISK FACTORS

Our future success will depend on our ability to compete effectively in the highly competitive financial services industry.

We face substantial competition in all phases of our operations from a variety of different competitors.  In particular, there is very strong competition for financial services in Northern Virginia and the greater Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area in which we conduct a substantial portion of our business.  We compete with commercial banks, credit unions, savings and loan associations, mortgage banking firms, consumer finance companies, securities brokerage firms, insurance companies, money market funds and other mutual funds, as well as other local and community, super-regional, national and international financial institutions that operate offices in our primary market areas and elsewhere.  Our future growth and success will depend on our ability to compete effectively in this highly competitive financial services environment.  Many of our competitors are well-established, larger financial institutions and many offer products and services that we do not.  Many have substantially greater resources, name recognition and market presence that benefit them in attracting business.  Some of our competitors are not subject to the same regulation as is imposed on bank holding companies and federally-insured national banks, including credit unions which do not pay federal income tax, and, therefore, have regulatory advantages over us in accessing funding and in providing various services.  While we believe we compete effectively with these other financial institutions in our primary markets, we may face a competitive disadvantage as a result of our smaller size, smaller asset base, lack of geographic diversification and inability to spread our marketing costs across a broader market.  If we have to raise interest rates paid on deposits or lower interest rates charged on loans to compete effectively, our net interest margin and income could be negatively affected.  Failure to compete effectively to attract new or to retain existing clients may reduce or limit our net income and our market share and may adversely affect our results of operations, financial condition and growth.

Our profitability depends on interest rates generally, and we may be adversely affected by changes in government monetary policy.

Our profitability depends in substantial part on our net interest margin, which is the difference between the rates we receive on loans and investments and the rates we pay for deposits and other sources of funds.  Our net interest margin depends on many factors that are partly or completely outside of our control, including competition, federal economic, monetary and fiscal policies, and economic conditions generally.  Our net interest income will be adversely affected if market interest rates change so that the interest we pay on deposits and borrowings increases faster than the interest we earn on loans and investments.

Changes in interest rates, particularly by the Board of Governors of the FRB, which implements national monetary policy in order to mitigate recessionary and inflationary pressures, also affect the value of our loans.  In setting its policy, the FRB may utilize techniques such as: (i) engaging in open market transactions in United States government securities; (ii) setting the discount rate on member bank borrowings; and (iii) determining reserve requirements.  These techniques may have an adverse effect on our deposit levels, net interest margin, loan demand or our business and operations.  In addition, an increase in interest rates could adversely affect borrowers’ ability to pay the principal or interest on existing loans or reduce their desire to borrow more money.  This may lead to an increase in our non-performing assets, a decrease in loan originations, or a reduction in the value of and income from our loans, any of which could have a material and negative effect on our results of operations.  We try to minimize our exposure to interest rate risk, but we are unable to completely eliminate this risk.  Fluctuations in market rates and other market disruptions are neither predictable nor controllable and may have a material and negative effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Our profitability depends significantly on local economic conditions.

As a lender, we are exposed to the risk that our loan clients may not repay their loans according to their terms and any collateral securing payment may be insufficient to fully compensate us for the outstanding balance of the loan plus the costs we incur disposing of the collateral.  Although we have collateral for most of our loans, that collateral can fluctuate in value and may not always cover the outstanding balance on the loan.  With most of our loans concentrated in Northern Virginia, a decline in local economic conditions could adversely affect the values of our real estate collateral.  Consequently, a decline in local economic conditions may have a greater effect on our earnings and capital than on the earnings and capital of larger financial institutions whose real estate loan portfolios are more geographically diverse.

 
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In addition to assessing the financial strength and cash flow characteristics of each of our borrowers, the Bank often secures loans with real estate collateral.  At December 31, 2009, approximately 84.8% of our Bank’s loans held for investment have real estate as a primary or secondary component of collateral.  The real estate collateral in each case provides an alternate source of repayment in the event of default by the borrower and may deteriorate in value during the time the credit is extended.  If we are required to liquidate the collateral securing a loan to satisfy the debt during a period of reduced real estate values, our earnings and capital could be adversely affected.

Our business strategy includes the continuation of our growth plans, and our financial condition and results of operations could be negatively affected if we fail to grow or fail to manage our growth effectively.

We intend to continue to grow in our existing banking markets (internally and through additional offices) and to expand into new markets as appropriate opportunities arise.  Our prospects must be considered in light of the risks, expenses and difficulties frequently encountered by companies that are experiencing growth.  We cannot assure you we will be able to expand our market presence in our existing markets or successfully enter new markets, or that any expansion will not adversely affect our results of operations.  Failure to manage our growth effectively could have a material adverse effect on our business, future prospects, financial condition or results of operations, and could adversely affect our ability to successfully implement our business strategy.  Also, if our growth occurs more slowly than anticipated or declines, our operating results could be materially affected in an adverse way. Our ability to successfully grow will depend on a variety of factors, including the continued availability of desirable business opportunities, the competitive responses from other financial institutions in our market areas and our ability to manage our growth.  While we believe we have the management resources and internal systems in place to successfully manage our future growth, there can be no assurance growth opportunities will be available or growth will be successfully managed.

We may face risks with respect to future acquisitions.

As a strategy, we have sought to increase the size of our business by pursuing business development opportunities, and we have grown rapidly since our incorporation.  As part of that strategy, we have acquired three mortgage companies and a small equipment leasing company.  We may acquire other financial institutions and mortgage companies, or parts of those entities, in the future.  Acquisitions and mergers involve a number of risks, including:

 
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the time and costs associated with identifying and evaluating potential acquisitions and merger partners;

 
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the estimates and judgments used to evaluate credit, operations, management and market risks with respect to the target entity may not be accurate;

 
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the time and costs of evaluating new markets, hiring experienced local management and opening new offices, and the time lags between these activities and the generation of sufficient assets and deposits to support the costs of the expansion;

 
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our ability to finance an acquisition and possible ownership or economic dilution to our current shareholders;

 
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the diversion of our management’s attention to the negotiation of a transaction, and the integration of the operations and personnel of the combining businesses;

 
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entry into new markets where we lack experience;

 
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the introduction of new products and services into our business;

 
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the incurrence and possible impairment of goodwill associated with an acquisition and possible adverse short-term effects on our results of operations; and

 
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the potential loss of key employees and clients.

We may incur substantial costs to expand, and we can give no assurance such expansion will result in the levels of profits we seek.  There can be no assurance that integration efforts for any future mergers or acquisitions will be successful.  Also, we may issue equity securities, including common stock and securities convertible into shares of our common stock, in connection with future acquisitions, which could cause ownership and economic dilution to our current shareholders. There is no assurance that, following any future merger or acquisition, our integration efforts will be successful or our company, after giving effect to the acquisition, will achieve profits comparable to or better than our historical experience.

 
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Our allowance for loan losses could become inadequate and reduce our earnings and capital.

We maintain an allowance for loan losses that we believe is adequate for absorbing any potential losses in our loan portfolio.  Management conducts a periodic review and consideration of the loan portfolio to determine the amount of the allowance for loan losses based upon general market conditions, credit quality of the loan portfolio and performance of our clients relative to their financial obligations with us.  The amount of future losses, however, is susceptible to changes in borrowers’ circumstances and economic and other market conditions, including changes in interest rates and collateral values that are beyond our control and these future losses may exceed our current estimates.  Our allowance for loan losses at December 31, 2009 was $9.1 million.  Although we believe the allowance for loan losses is adequate to absorb probable losses in our loan portfolio, we cannot predict such losses or guarantee that our allowance will be adequate in the future.  Excessive loan losses could have a material impact on our financial performance and reduce our earnings and capital.

Liquidity needs could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

We rely on dividends from the Bank as our primary source of funds.  The primary sources of funds of the Bank are client deposits and loan repayments.  While scheduled loan repayments are a relatively stable source of funds, they are subject to the ability of borrowers to repay the loans.  The ability of borrowers to repay loans can be adversely affected by a number of factors, including changes in economic conditions, adverse trends or events affecting business industry groups, reductions in real estate values or markets, business closings or lay-offs, inclement weather, natural disasters and international instability.  Additionally, deposit levels may be affected by a number of factors, including rates paid by competitors, general interest rate levels, regulatory capital requirements, returns available to clients on alternative investments and general economic conditions.  Accordingly, we may be required from time to time to rely on secondary sources of liquidity to meet withdrawal demands or otherwise fund operations.  Such sources include FHLB advances, sales of securities and loans, and federal funds lines of credit from correspondent banks, as well as out-of-market time deposits.  While we believe that these sources are currently adequate, there can be no assurance they will be sufficient to meet future liquidity demands, particularly if we continue to grow and experience increasing loan demand.  We may be required to slow or discontinue loan growth, capital expenditures or other investments or liquidate assets should such sources not be adequate.

We are subject to extensive regulation that could limit or restrict our activities and adversely affect our earnings.

We operate in a highly regulated industry, and both we and the Bank are subject to extensive regulation and supervision by the FRB, the Comptroller, and the FDIC.  Our compliance with these regulations is costly and restricts certain of our activities, including payment of dividends, mergers and acquisitions, investments, loans and interest rates charged, interest rates paid on deposits and locations of offices.  We are also subject to capitalization guidelines established by our regulators, which require us to maintain adequate capital to support our growth.  Many of these regulations are intended to protect depositors and the FDIC’s Deposit Insurance Fund rather than our shareholders.

SOX, and the related rules and regulations promulgated by the SEC and NASDAQ that are applicable to us, have increased the scope, complexity and cost of corporate governance, reporting and disclosure practices, including the cost of completing our audit and maintaining our internal controls.  As a result, we may experience greater compliance costs.

The laws and regulations that apply to us could change at any time.  We cannot predict whether or what form of proposed statute or regulation will be adopted or the extent to which such adoption may affect our business.  Regulatory changes may increase our costs, limit the types of financial services and products we may offer and/or increase the ability of non-banks to offer competing financial services and products and thus place other entities that are not subject to similar regulation in stronger, more favorable competitive positions, which could adversely affect our growth and our ability to operate profitably.  Failure to comply with existing or new laws, regulations or policies could result in sanctions by regulatory agencies, civil money penalties and/or reputation damage, which could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Our recent results may not be indicative of our future results.

Various factors, such as economic conditions, regulatory and legislative considerations and competition, may impede or prohibit our ability to expand our market presence.  Until the economy, loan demand, credit quality and consumer confidence improve, it is unlikely that revenues will increase significantly, and may be reduced.

Our hedging strategies may not be successful in managing our risks associated with interest rates.

We use various derivative financial instruments to provide a level of protection against interest rate risks, but no hedging strategy can protect us completely.  When rates change, we expect to record a gain or loss on derivatives that would be offset by an inverse change in the value of loans held for sale and mortgage-related securities. We cannot assure you, however, that our hedging strategy and use of derivatives will offset the risks related to changes in interest rates.  See “Item 7 - Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Critical Accounting Policies” and “Item 7A - Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.”

 
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The profitability of the Mortgage Corporation will be significantly reduced if we are not able to sell mortgages.

Currently, we sell all of the mortgage loans originated by the Mortgage Corporation. We only underwrite mortgages that we reasonably expect will have more than one potential purchaser.  The profitability of our mortgage company depends in large part upon our ability to originate or purchase a high volume of loans and to quickly sell them in the secondary market.  Thus, we are dependent upon (i) the existence of an active secondary market and (ii) our ability to sell loans into that market.

The Mortgage Corporation’s ability to sell mortgage loans readily is dependent upon the availability of an active secondary market for single-family mortgage loans, which in turn depends in part upon the continuation of programs currently offered by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and other institutional and non-institutional investors.  These entities account for a substantial portion of the secondary market in residential mortgage loans.  Some of the largest participants in the secondary market, including Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, are government-sponsored enterprises whose activities are governed by federal law, and while we do not actively participate in their programs, they do have substantial market influence. Any future changes in laws that significantly affect the activity of these government-sponsored enterprises and other institutional and non-institutional investors or any impairment of our ability to participate in such programs could, in turn, adversely affect our operations.

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac have recently reported substantial losses and a need for substantial amounts of additional capital. Such losses are due to these entities’ business models being tied extensively to the U.S. housing market which is in a severe contraction.  In response to the deteriorating financial condition of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac from the U.S. housing market contraction, Congress and the U.S. Treasury have undertaken a series of actions to stabilize these entities.  The Federal Housing Finance Agency, or FHFA, was established in July 2008 pursuant to the Regulatory Reform Act in an effort to enhance regulatory oversight over Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.  FHFA placed Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac into federal conservatorship in September 2008.  Although the federal government has committed capital to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, there is no explicit guaranty of the obligations of these entities by the federal government and there can be no assurance that these government credit facilities and other capital infusions will be adequate for the needs of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. If the financial support is inadequate, these companies could continue to suffer losses and could fail to offer programs necessary to an active secondary market. If this were to occur, the Mortgage Corporation’s ability to sell mortgage loans readily could be hampered, and the profitability of the Mortgage Corporation could be significantly reduced.

The Mortgage Corporation may be subject to claims on mortgage loans previously sold.

The Mortgage Corporation makes representations and warranties that loans sold to investors meet their program’s guidelines and that the information provided by the borrowers is accurate and complete. In the event of a default on a loan sold, the investor may make a claim for losses due to document document deficiencies, program compliance, early payment default, and fraud or borrower misrepresentations.  The Mortgage Corporation maintains a reserve in other liabilities for potential losses on mortgage loans sold.  Earnings may be impacted if this reserve is insufficient to cover claims from the investors.

Our small-to medium-sized business target market may have fewer financial resources to weather a downturn in the economy.

We target our commercial development and marketing strategy primarily to serve the banking and financial services needs of small- and medium-sized businesses.  These businesses generally have fewer financial resources in terms of capital or borrowing capacity than larger entities.  If general economic conditions negatively impact this economic sector in the markets in which we operate, our results of operations and financial condition may be adversely affected.

We depend on the accuracy and completeness of information about clients and counterparties.

In deciding whether to extend credit or enter into other transactions with clients and counterparties, we may rely on information furnished to us by or on behalf of clients and counterparties, including financial statements and other financial information.  We also may rely on representations of clients and counterparties as to the accuracy and completeness of that information and, with respect to financial statements, on reports of independent auditors.  For example, in deciding whether to extend credit to clients, we may assume that a customer’s audited financial statements conform with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) and present fairly, in all material respects, the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the customer.  Our financial condition and results of operations could be negatively impacted to the extent we rely on financial statements or other information that does not comply with GAAP or is materially misleading.

Negative public opinion could damage our reputation and adversely impact our earnings.

Reputation risk, or the risk to our business, earnings and capital from negative public opinion, is inherent in our business.  Negative public opinion can result from our actual or alleged conduct in any number of activities, including lending practices, corporate governance and acquisitions, and from actions taken by government regulators and community organizations in response to those activities.  Negative public opinion can adversely affect our ability to keep and attract clients and employees and can expose us to litigation and regulatory action.  Because virtually all of our businesses operate under the “Access National” brand, actual or alleged conduct by one business can result in negative public opinion about our other businesses.  Although we take steps to minimize reputation risk in dealing with our clients and communities, this risk will always be present given the nature of our business.

 
14

 

We depend on the services of key personnel, and a loss of any of those personnel could disrupt our operations and result in reduced revenues.

Our success depends upon the continued service of our senior management team and upon our ability to attract and retain qualified financial services personnel.  Competition for qualified employees is intense.  In our experience, it can take a significant period of time to identify and hire personnel with the combination of skills and attributes required in carrying out our strategy.  If we lose the services of our key personnel, or are unable to attract additional qualified personnel, our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows could be materially adversely affected.

We may need to invest in new technology to compete effectively, and that could have a negative effect on our operating results and the value of our common stock.

The market for financial services, including banking services, is increasingly affected by advances in technology, including developments in telecommunications, data processing, computers, automation and Internet-based banking.  We depend on third-party vendors for portions of our data processing services.  In addition to our ability to finance the purchase of those services and integrate them into our operations, our ability to offer new technology-based services depends on our vendors’ abilities to provide and support those services.  Future advances in technology may require us to incur substantial expenses that adversely affect our operating results, and our limited capital resources may make it impractical or impossible for us to keep pace with competitors possessing greater capital resources.  Our ability to compete successfully in our banking markets may depend on the extent to which we and our vendors are able to offer new technology-based services and on our ability to integrate technological advances into our operations.

Our ability to pay dividends is subject to regulatory restrictions, and we may be unable to pay future dividends.

Our ability to pay dividends is subject to regulatory restrictions and the need to maintain sufficient consolidated capital.  Also, our only source of funds with which to pay dividends to our shareholders is dividends we receive from our Bank, and the Bank’s ability to pay dividends to us is limited by its own obligations to maintain sufficient capital and regulatory restrictions.  If these regulatory requirements are not satisfied, we will be unable to pay dividends on our common stock.  We paid our first cash dividends on February 24, 2006. We cannot guarantee that dividends will not be reduced or eliminated in future periods.

Certain provisions under our articles of incorporation and applicable law, in addition to the ownership position of certain shareholders, may make it difficult for others to obtain control of our Corporation even if such a change in control may be favored by some shareholders.

In addition to the amount of common stock controlled by our chairman of the board and other principal shareholders, certain provisions in our articles of incorporation and applicable Virginia corporate and banking law may have the effect of discouraging a change of control of our company even if such a transaction is favored by some of our shareholders and could result in shareholders receiving a substantial premium over the current market price of our shares.  The primary purpose of these provisions is to encourage negotiations with our management by persons interested in acquiring control of our Corporation.  These provisions may also tend to perpetuate present management and make it difficult for shareholders owning less than a majority of the shares to be able to elect even a single director.

There can be no assurance that recent government actions will help stabilize the U.S. financial system.

In response to the financial crises affecting the banking system and financial markets and going concern threats to investment banks and other financial institutions, various branches and agencies of the U.S. government have put in place laws, regulations, and programs to address capital and liquidity issues in the banking system. There can be no assurance, however, as to the actual impact that such laws, regulations, and programs will have on the financial markets. The failure of such laws, regulations, and programs to help stabilize the financial markets or a continuation of recent financial market conditions could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, access to credit or the trading price of our common stock.

The soundness of other financial institutions could adversely affect us.

Our ability to engage in routine funding transactions could be adversely affected by the actions and commercial soundness of other financial institutions. Financial services institutions are interrelated as a result of trading, clearing, counterparty, or other relationships. We have exposure to many different counterparties, and we routinely execute transactions with counterparties in the financial services industry, including brokers, dealers, commercial banks, investment banks, and government sponsored enterprises. Many of these transactions expose us to credit risk in the event of default of our counterparty. In addition, our credit risk may be exacerbated when the collateral held by us cannot be realized or is liquidated at prices not sufficient to recover the full amount of the loan or other obligation due us. There is no assurance that any such losses would not materially and adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

 
15

 

Current market developments may adversely affect our industry, business, and results of operations.

Dramatic declines in the housing market during the prior year, with falling home prices and increasing foreclosures and unemployment, have resulted in significant write-downs of asset values by financial institutions, including government-sponsored entities and major commercial and investment banks. These write-downs have caused many financial institutions to seek additional capital, to merge with larger and stronger institutions and, in some cases, to fail. Reflecting concern about the stability of the financial markets generally and the strength of counterparties, many lenders and institutional investors have reduced, and in some cases, ceased to provide funding to borrowers, including other financial institutions. The resulting lack of available credit, lack of confidence in the financial sector, increased volatility in the financial markets, and reduced business activity could materially and adversely, directly or indirectly, affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
ITEM 1B – UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

None.

ITEM 2 - PROPERTIES

The Bank and the Mortgage Corporation lease offices that are used in the normal course of business. The principal executive office of the Corporation, Bank, Access Real Estate and Mortgage Corporation is owned by Access Real Estate, a subsidiary of the Bank, and is located at 1800 Robert Fulton Drive, Reston, Virginia. The Bank leases offices in Chantilly, Tysons Corner, Leesburg, and Manassas, Virginia. The Mortgage Corporation leases offices in Annandale, Fairfax McLean, Reston, Richmond, and Roanoke in Virginia. The Mortgage Corporation leases two offices in Maryland located in Crofton and Westminster in addition to the offices in Tennessee, Texas, Indiana, Illinois, Georgia Massachusetts and Colorado.  Access Real Estate owns an undeveloped commercial lot in Fredericksburg that is being held for future expansion of the Bank and Mortgage Corporation.

All of the owned and leased properties are in good operating condition and are adequate for the Corporation’s present and anticipated future needs.
 
ITEM 3 – LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

The Bank is a party to legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. Management is of the opinion that these legal proceedings will not have a material adverse effect on the Corporation’s financial condition or results of operations. From time to time the Bank may initiate legal actions against borrowers in connection with collecting defaulted loans.  Such actions are not considered material by management unless otherwise disclosed.

ITEM 4 – (Removed and Reserved).

PART II

ITEM 5 – MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
 
In July 2004, the Corporation’s common stock became listed on the NASDAQ Global Market of the NASDAQ Stock Market LLC and is quoted under the symbol of “ANCX”. Set forth below is certain financial information relating to the Corporation’s common stock price history.  Prices reflect transactions executed on NASDAQ.
 
   
2009
         
2008
       
   
High
   
Low
   
Dividends
   
High
   
Low
   
Dividends
 
                                     
First Quarter
  $ 5.17     $ 3.80     $ 0.01     $ 8.10     $ 5.11     $ 0.01  
Second Quarter
    6.80       4.49       0.01       8.35       6.25       0.01  
Third Quarter
    6.92       5.10       0.01       6.85       4.99       0.01  
Fourth Quarter
    6.85       5.86       0.01       6.13       4.42       0.01  

 
16

 
 
As of March 26, 2010, the Corporation had 10,615,313 outstanding shares of Common Stock, par value $.835 per share, held by approximately 437 shareholders of record and the closing price for the Corporation’s common stock on the NASDAQ Global Market was $6.00.
 
The Corporation paid its seventeenth consecutive quarterly cash dividend on February 25, 2010 to shareholders of record as of February 10, 2010. Payment of dividends is at the discretion of the Corporation’s Board of Directors, and is also subject to various federal and state regulatory limitations.  Future dividends are dependent upon the overall performance and capital requirements of the Corporation.  See “Item 1 - Business - Supervision and Regulation - Dividends" for a discussion of regulatory requirements related to dividends.
 
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities for the Quarter Ended December 31, 2009
 
The following table details the Corporation’s purchases of its common stock during the fourth quarter pursuant to a Share Repurchase Program announced on March 20, 2007. On April 22, 2008 the number of shares authorized for repurchase under the Share Repurchase Program was increased from 2,000,000 to 2,500,000 shares. The Share Repurchase Program does not have an expiration date.
 
   
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
               
(c) Total Number of
   
(d) Maximum Number
 
               
Shares Purchased as
   
of Shares that may
 
   
(a) Total Number of
   
(b) Average Price
   
Part of Publicly
   
yet be Purchased
 
Period
 
Shares Purchased
   
Paid Per Share
   
Announced Plan
   
Under the Plan
 
                         
October 1 - October 31, 2009
    500     $ 5.16       500       403,910  
November 1 - November 30, 2009
    8,900       6.07       8,900       395,010  
December 1 - December 31, 2009
    -       -       -       -  
      9,400     $ 6.07       9,400       395,010  
 

 
Stock Performance

The following graph compares the Corporation’s cumulative total shareholder return on its common stock for the five year period ended December 31, 2009 with the cumulative return of a broad equity market index, the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index (“S&P 500 Index”) and a peer group constructed by the Corporation (the “Peer Group”).   This presentation assumes $100 was invested in shares of the Corporation and each of the indices on December 31, 2004, and that dividends, if any, were immediately reinvested in additional shares.   The graph plots the value of the initial $100 investment at one-year intervals from December 31, 2004 through December 31, 2009.

The Peer Group consists of five companies that, in the opinion of management, are similar to the Corporation in ways relevant to a comparison of stock performance.  Specifically, each company in the Peer Group provides commercial banking services in the Mid-Atlantic Region, has existed for a reasonably similar time period as has the Corporation, and is considered by our management to be in an expansion mode.  In calculating the relative index, the stock values of the Peer Group are re-balanced at the beginning of each year by the weighted market capitalization.

 The Peer Group consists of:

Company, Headquarters
 
Exchange
 
Trading Symbol
 
Established
             
Cardinal Financial Corporation
 
NASDAQ-GS
 
CFNL
 
1997
Fairfax, Virginia
           
             
Eagle Bancorp, Inc.
 
NASDAQ-CM
 
EGBN
 
1997
Bethesda, Maryland
           
             
TowneBank
 
NASDAQ-GS
 
TOWN
 
1999
 Portsmouth, Virginia
           
             
Valley Financial Corporation
 
NASDAQ-CM
 
VYFC
 
1994
Roanoke, Virginia
           
             
             
Virginia National Bank
 
 OTC-BB
 
VABK
 
1998
Charlottesville, Virginia
  
 
  
 
  
 
 
 
17

 


   
Period Ending
 
Index
 
12/31/04
   
12/31/05
   
12/31/06
   
12/31/07
   
12/31/08
   
12/31/09
 
Access National Corporation
    100.00       201.56       135.48       86.04       68.67       85.17  
S&P 500
    100.00       104.91       121.48       128.16       80.74       102.11  
Peer Group Index*
    100.00       102.58       103.35       85.49       88.97       70.18  

*Access National Corporation's peer group consists of the following: Cardinal Financial Corporation (CFNL), Eagle Bancorp, Inc. (EGBN), TowneBank (TOWN), Valley Financial Corporation (VYFC), Virginia National Bank (VABK)

 
18

 

ITEM 6 – SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

The following consolidated selected financial data is derived from the Corporation’s audited financial statements for the five years ended December 31, 2009.  This information should be read in conjunction with the following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto.

   
Selected Financial Data
 
                               
   
Year Ended December 31,
 
   
2009
   
2008
   
2007
   
2006
   
2005
 
   
(In Thousands, Except for Share Data)
 
Income Statement Data:
                             
Net interest income
  $ 23,558     $ 21,052     $ 20,122     $ 18,256     $ 15,273  
Provision for loan losses
    6,064       5,423       2,588       232       1,196  
Non-interest income
    56,966       30,813       27,707       27,633       30,956  
Non-interest expense
    58,971       38,998       39,949       34,212       35,830  
Income taxes
    5,854       2,700       1,590       3,853       3,305  
Net income
  $ 9,635     $ 4,744     $ 3,702     $ 7,592     $ 5,898  
                                         
Per Share Data:
                                       
Earnings per share
                                       
Basic
  $ 0.93     $ 0.46     $ 0.32     $ 0.81     $ 0.75  
Diluted
    0.92       0.46       0.31       0.72       0.63  
Cash dividends paid
    0.04       0.04       0.04       0.02       -  
Book value at period end
    6.43       5.66       5.35       5.27       3.92  
                                         
Balance Sheet Data:
                                       
Total assets
  $ 666,879     $ 702,324     $ 622,376     $ 644,782     $ 537,050  
Loans held for sale
    76,232       84,312       39,144       65,320       45,019  
Total loans
    486,564       485,929       477,598       433,594       369,733  
Total securities
    47,838       91,015       73,558       105,163       87,771  
Total deposits
    466,645       485,401       473,418       438,932       419,629  
Shareholders' equity
    67,778       57,945       57,961       62,295       31,185  
Average shares outstanding, basic
    10,391,348       10,298,631       11,620,130       9,429,074       7,867,135  
Average shares outstanding, diluted
    10,432,857       10,423,555       11,866,468       10,541,873       9,423,087  
                                         
Performance Ratios:
                                       
Return on average assets
    1.35 %     0.76 %     0.57 %     1.29 %     1.29 %
Return on average equity
    15.04 %     8.34 %     5.84 %     17.15 %     20.63 %
Net interest margin (1)
    3.42 %     3.48 %     3.18 %     3.21 %     3.49 %
                                         
Efficiency Ratios:
                                       
Access National Bank
    60.41 %     55.36 %     50.87 %     48.67 %     52.21 %
Access National Mortgage Corp.
    77.40 %     86.65 %     107.52 %     92.42 %     89.13 %
Access National Corporation
    73.23 %     75.19 %     83.52 %     75.06 %     80.09 %
                                         
Asset Quality Ratios:
                                       
Allowance to period end loans
    1.88 %     1.54 %     1.56 %     1.26 %     1.41 %
Allowance to non-performing loans
    129.79 %     259.55 %     449.25 %     1514.60 %     397.78 %
Net charge-offs to average loans
    1.08 %     1.06 %     0.12 %     -       -  
(1) Net interest income divided by total average earning assets.
                         

Table continued on next page

 
19

 

ITEM 6 – SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA continued

   
Year Ended December 31,
 
   
2009
   
2008
   
2007
   
2006
   
2005
 
   
(In Thousands, Except for Share Data)
 
Average Balance Sheet Data:
                             
Total assets
  $ 714,970     $ 624,450     $ 649,584     $ 589,834     $ 457,251  
Securities
    69,758       68,861       94,331       107,165       64,862  
Loans held for sale
    65,780       25,757       49,750       53,935       45,688  
Loans
    490,393       484,764       472,372       400,211       318,438  
Allowance for loan losses
    8,065       8,248       6,170       5,363       4,433  
Total deposits
    519,477       450,873       444,999       423,788       337,403  
Junior subordinated debentures
    6,186       6,186       9,237       10,311       10,311  
Total shareholders' equity
    64,054       56,882       63,343       44,270       28,586  
                                         
Capital Ratios:
                                       
Tier 1 risk-based capital
    13.47 %     11.86 %     12.41 %     15.01 %     10.78 %
Total risk-based capital
    14.73 %     13.11 %     13.66 %     16.18 %     12.11 %
Leverage capital ratio
    10.73 %     9.71 %     10.07 %     11.53 %     7.60 %

ITEM 7 - MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF
OPERATIONS

The following discussion and analysis is intended to provide an overview of the significant factors affecting the financial condition and the results of operations of the Corporation and its subsidiaries for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008. The consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes should be read in conjunction with this discussion and analysis.
 
Forward-Looking Statements
 
In addition to historical information, this Annual Report on Form 10-K may contain forward-looking statements.  For this purpose, any statements contained herein, including documents incorporated by reference, that are not statements of historical fact may be deemed to be forward-looking statements.  Examples of forward-looking statements include discussions as to our expectations, beliefs, plans, goals, objectives and future financial or other performance or assumptions concerning matters discussed in this document.  Forward-looking statements often use words such as “believes,” “expects,” “plans,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “projects,” “contemplates,” “anticipates,” “forecasts,” “intends” or other words of similar meaning.  You can also identify them by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. Forward-looking statements are subject to numerous assumptions, risks and uncertainties, and actual results could differ materially from historical results or those anticipated by such statements.  Factors that could have a material adverse effect on the operations and future prospects of the Corporation include, but are not limited to, changes in: continued deterioration in general business and economic conditions and in the financial markets and the impact of any policies or programs implemented pursuant to the EESA, branch expansion plans, interest rates, general economic conditions, monetary and fiscal policies of the U.S. Government, including policies of the Comptroller, U.S. Treasury and the FRB, the economy of Northern Virginia, including governmental spending and real estate markets, the quality or composition of the loan or investment portfolios, demand for loan products, deposit flows, competition, and accounting principles, policies and guidelines.  These risks and uncertainties should be considered in evaluating the forward-looking statements contained herein, and readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such statements.  Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which it is made, and we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which it is made.  For additional discussion of risk factors that may cause our actual future results to differ materially from the results indicated within forward looking statements, please see “Item 1A – Risk Factors” herein.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The Corporation’s consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. In preparing the Corporation’s financial statements management makes estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses. Our significant accounting policies are presented in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements.  Management believes that the most significant subjective judgments that it makes include the following:

 
20

 

Allowance for Loan Losses

The allowance for loan losses is an estimate of the losses that may be sustained in our loan portfolio.  The allowance is based on two basic principals of accounting: (i) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) No. 450-10 Contingencies, which requires that losses be accrued when they are probable of occurring and estimatable and (ii) ASC 310-10, Receivables, which requires that losses be accrued based on the differences between the value of collateral, present value of future cash flows or values that are observable in the secondary market and the loan balance.
 
An allowance for loan losses is established through a provision for loan losses based upon industry standards, known risk characteristics, and management’s evaluation of the risk inherent in the loan portfolio and changes in the nature and volume of loan activity.  Such evaluation considers among other factors, the estimated market value of the underlying collateral, and current economic conditions.  For further information about our practices with respect to allowance for loan losses, please see the subsection “Allowance for Loan Losses” below.
 
Other Than Temporary Impairment of Investment Securities
 
The Bank’s investment portfolio is classified as available-for-sale.  The estimated fair value of the portfolio fluctuates due to changes in market interest rates and other factors. Changes in estimated fair value are recorded in stockholders’ equity as a component of comprehensive income. Securities are monitored to determine whether a decline in their value is other-than-temporary.  Management evaluates the investment portfolio on a quarterly basis to determine the collectability of amounts due per the contractual terms of the investment security.  Once a decline in value is determined to be other than temporary, the value of the security is reduced and a corresponding charge to earnings is recognized.  At December 31, 2009 there were no securities in the securities portfolio with other than temporary impairment.
 
Income Taxes
 
The Corporation uses the liability method of accounting for income taxes. This method results in the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities that are reflected at currently enacted income tax rates applicable to the period in which the deferred tax assets or liabilities are expected to be realized or settled. As changes in tax laws or rates are enacted, deferred tax assets and liabilities are adjusted through the provision for income taxes. The deferred provision for income taxes is the result of the net change in the deferred tax asset and deferred tax liability balances during the year. This amount combined with the current taxes payable or refundable results in the income tax expense for the current year.  Our evaluation of the deductibility or taxability of items included in the Corporation’s tax returns has not resulted in the identification of any material, uncertain tax positions.

Fair Value

Fair values of financial instruments are estimated using relevant market information and other assumptions. Fair value estimates involve uncertainties and matters of significant judgment regarding interest rates, credit risk, prepayments and other factors, especially in the absence of broad markets for particular items.  Changes in assumptions or in market conditions could significantly affect the estimates.  The fair value estimates of existing on and off balance sheet financial instruments do not include the value of anticipated future business or the values of assets and liabilities not considered financial instruments. For additional information about our financial assets carried at fair value, refer to Note 18 to the consolidated financial statements.
 
FINANCIAL CONDITION

Summary

The Corporation completed its tenth year of operation and recorded net income of $9.6 million. Total assets at December 31, 2009 were $666.9 million compared to $702.3 million in 2008.  The decrease in total assets is primarily due to a $43.2 million reduction in investment securities and an $8.1 million decrease in loans held for sale.  Interest bearing deposits in other banks increased $11.6 million and other assets increased $8.6 million.

The following discussions by major categories explain the changes in financial condition.

Cash and Due From Banks

Cash and due from banks represents cash and non-interest bearing balances at other banks and cash letters in process of collection at the FRB.  At December 31, 2009 cash and due from banks totaled approximately $6.0 million compared to $8.8 million at December 31, 2008.  The balance fluctuates depending on the volume of cash letters in process of collection at the FRB.

 
21

 
Interest Bearing Deposits in Other Banks and Federal Funds Sold

At December 31, 2009 interest bearing balances in other banks totaled $25.3 million compared to $13.7 million at December 31, 2008.  These balances are maintained at the FRB and the FHLB of Atlanta and provide liquidity for managing daily cash inflows and outflows from deposits and loans.

Investment Securities

The Corporation’s securities portfolio is comprised of U.S. Treasury securities, U.S. Government Agency securities, municipal securities, CRA mutual fund, mortgage backed securities issued by U.S. government sponsored agencies and FRB and FHLB stock.   The investment portfolio is used to provide liquidity and as a tool for managing interest sensitivity in the balance sheet, while generating income.  At December 31, 2009 the estimated fair value of the securities portfolio totaled $47.8 million, down from $91.0 million in 2008.  The decrease is due to maturing and called securities that were not reinvested.   All securities were classified as available for sale. The Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) requires that securities classified as available for sale be accounted for at fair market value.  Unrealized gains and losses are recorded directly to a separate component of stockholders' equity.

The following tables present the types, amounts and maturity distribution of the securities portfolio.

   
Investment Securities Available for Sale
 
       
   
December 31,
 
   
2009
   
2008
   
2007
 
   
(In Thousands)
 
Investment Securities Available for Sale:
                 
US Treasury
  $ -     $ 1,006     $ 1,013  
US Government agency
    40,154       76,354       61,720  
Mortgage backed
    743       1,391       799  
Tax exempt municipals
    -       -       2,891  
Taxable municipals
    699       4,920       1,099  
CRA Mutual fund
    1,499       1,448       1,479  
Restricted stock
    4,743       5,896       4,557  
Total securities
  $ 47,838     $ 91,015     $ 73,558  

   
Maturity Schedule of Investment Securities Available for Sale 2009
 
       
               
After One Year
   
After Five Years
   
After Ten Years
             
   
Within
   
But Within
   
But Within
   
and
             
   
One Year
   
Five Years
   
Ten Years
   
Over
   
Total
 
   
Amount
   
Yield
   
Amount
   
Yield
   
Amount
   
Yield
   
Amount
   
Yield
   
Amount
   
Yield
 
   
(Dollars In Thousands)
 
                                                         
Investment Securities Available for Sale: (1)
                                                           
US Treasury
  $ -       -     $ -       -     $ -       -     $ -       -     $ -       -  
US Government agency
    5,145       1.00 %     15,023       1.58 %     19,986       4.73 %     -       -       40,154       3.07 %
Mortgage backed
    33       5.00 %     -       -       -       -       710       6.02 %     743       5.98 %
Tax exempt municipals
    -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -  
Taxable municipals
    -       -       699       4.30 %     -       -       -       -       699       4.30 %
Total
  $ 5,178       1.03 %   $ 15,722       1.70 %   $ 19,986       4.73 %   $ 710       6.02 %   $ 41,596       3.14 %

(1) Excludes CRA Mutual Fund, FRB Stock and FHLB Stock

Loans

Loans held for investment totaled $486.6 million at December 31, 2009 compared to $485.9 million at December 31, 2008.  Adverse economic conditions and stringent loan underwriting standards contributed to the modest increase in loans.   Commercial loans increased $3.1 million in 2009 and commercial real estate loans increased $1.8 million while residential real estate loans decreased $2.9 million.  The Bank concentrates on providing banking services to small to medium sized businesses and professionals in our market area. Commercial real estate loans comprised 45.3% of the loans held for investment portfolio; however we do not have any exposure to builders or developers. Our loan officers maintain a professional relationship with our clients and are responsive to their financial needs.  They are directly involved in the community and it is this involvement and commitment that leads to referrals and continued growth.

 
22

 

Loans held for sale totaled $76.2 million at December 31, 2009 compared to $84.3 million at December 31, 2008, a decrease of $8.1 million.  The level of loans held for sale fluctuates with the volume of loans originated during the month and the timing of loans purchased by investors.   Loan origination volume including brokered loans totaled $1.6 billion in 2009 compared to $853.8 million in 2008, an 83.1% increase.  The increase was due to the low interest rate environment and refinance activity.

The following tables present the major classifications and maturity distribution of loans held for investment at December 31:

   
Composition of Loan Portfolio
 
   
Year Ended December 31,
 
   
2009
   
2008
   
2007
   
2006
   
2005
 
   
Amount
   
Percentage
of Total
   
Amount
   
Percentage
of Total
   
Amount
   
Percentage
of Total
   
Amount
   
Percentage
of Total
   
Amount
   
Percentage
of Total
 
   
(Dollars In Thousands)
 
Commercial
  $ 72,628       14.93 %   $ 69,537       14.31 %   $ 64,860       13.58 %   $ 51,825       11.95 %   $ 38,516       10.42 %
Commercial real estate
    220,301       45.28       218,539       44.97       199,894       41.85       159,996       36.90       137,423       37.17  
Real estate construction
    41,508       8.53       42,600       8.77       55,074       11.53       68,570       15.81       37,054       10.02  
Residential real estate
    150,792       30.99       153,740       31.64       156,731       32.82       152,648       35.21       156,185       42.24  
Consumer and other
    1,335       0.27       1,513       0.31       1,039       0.22       555       0.13       555       0.15  
                                                                                 
Total loans
  $ 486,564       100.00 %   $ 485,929       100.00 %   $ 477,598       100.00 %   $ 433,594       100.00 %   $ 369,733       100.00 %

   
Loan Maturity Distribution
 
   
December 31, 2009
 
   
Three Months or
   
Over Three Months
   
Over One Year
   
Over
       
   
Less
   
Through One Year
   
Through Five Years
   
Five Years
   
Total
 
   
(In Thousands)
 
Commercial
  $ 15,725     $ 27,302     $ 22,572     $ 7,029     $ 72,628  
Commercial real estate
    26,981       36,548       141,199       15,573       220,301  
Real estate construction
    11,203       24,662       5,616       27       41,508  
Residential real estate
    41,744       39,068       57,988       11,992       150,792  
Consumer and other
    131       663       540       -       1,334  
Total
  $ 95,784     $ 128,243     $ 227,915     $ 34,621     $ 486,563  
                                         
Loans with fixed interest rates
  $ 15,471     $ 24,799     $ 79,545     $ 16,277     $ 136,092  
Loans with floating interest rates
    80,313       103,444       148,370       18,344       350,471  
Total
  $ 95,784     $ 128,243     $ 227,915     $ 34,621     $ 486,563  

Allowance for Loan Losses

The allowance for loan loss totaled approximately $9.1 million at December 31, 2009 and $7.5 million in 2008.  The allowance for loan losses represents 1.88% of loans held for investment at December 31, 2009 compared to 1.54% in 2008.  The provision for loan losses charged to expense was $ 6.1 million in 2009, up from $5.4 million in 2008.  The increase in the provision charged to expense is primarily due to an ongoing detailed analysis of risk and loss potential within the portfolio.  Management believes the amount of the reserve and the methodology applied to arrive at the amount of the reserve is justified and appropriate. Outside of our own analysis, our reserve adequacy and methodology are reviewed on a regular basis by an internal audit program, and bank regulators and such reviews have not resulted in any material adjustment to the reserve.   The schedule below, Allocation of the Allowance for Loan Losses, reflects the pro rata allocation by the different loan types.  The methodology as to how the allowance is derived is discussed below.

The Bank has developed a comprehensive risk weighting system based on individual loan characteristics that enables the Bank to allocate the composition of the allowance for loan losses by types of loans.  Adequacy of the allowance is assessed monthly and increased by provisions charged to expense. Charge-offs are taken, no less frequently than at the close of each fiscal quarter. The methodology by which we systematically determine the amount of our allowance is set forth by the Board of Directors in our Credit Policy, pursuant to which our Chief Credit Officer is charged with ensuring that each loan is individually evaluated and the portfolio characteristics are evaluated to arrive at an appropriate aggregate reserve.  The results of the analysis are documented, reviewed and approved by the Board of Directors no less than quarterly.   The following elements are considered in this analysis:  loss estimates on specific problem credits, individual loan risk ratings, lending staff changes, loan review and board oversight, loan policies and procedures, portfolio trends with respect to volume, delinquency, composition/concentrations of credit, risk rating migration, levels of classified credit, off-balance sheet credit exposure, any other factors considered relevant from time to time.  All loans are graded or “Risk Rated” individually for loss potential at the time of origination and as warranted thereafter, but no less frequently than quarterly.  Loss potential factors are applied based upon a blend of the following criteria:  our own direct experience at this Bank; our collective management experience in administering similar loan portfolios in the market for nearly 150 years; and peer data contained in statistical releases issued by both the Comptroller and the FDIC.  Although looking only at peer data and the Bank’s historically low write-offs would suggest a lower loan loss allowance, our management’s experience with similar portfolios in the same market combined with the fact that our portfolio is relatively unseasoned, justify a conservative approach in contemplating external statistical resources.  Accordingly, management’s collective experience at this Bank and other banks is the most heavily weighted criterion, and the weighting is subjective and varies by loan type, amount, collateral, structure, and repayment terms.  Prevailing economic conditions generally and within each individual borrower’s business sector are considered, as well as any changes in the borrower’s own financial position and, in the case of commercial loans, management structure and business operations.  When deterioration develops in an individual credit, the loan is placed on a “Watch List” and the loan is monitored more closely.  All loans on the watch list are evaluated for specific loss potential based upon either an evaluation of the liquidated value of the collateral or cash flow deficiencies.  If management believes that, with respect to a specific loan, an impaired source of repayment, collateral impairment or a change in a debtor’s financial condition presents a heightened risk of loss, the loan is classified as impaired and the book balance of the loan is reduced to collateral value or present value of cash flows and a specific reserve is established to further guard against loss upon liquidation.

 
23

 

The following tables present an analysis of the allowance for loan losses for the periods indicated.

   
Allowance for Loan Losses
 
                               
   
Year Ended December 31,
 
   
2009
   
2008
   
2007
   
2006
   
2005
 
   
(In Thousands)
 
Balance, beginning of year
  $ 7,462     $ 7,462     $ 5,452     $ 5,215     $ 4,019  
                                         
Provision for loan losses
    6,064       5,423       2,588       232       1,196  
                                         
Charge-offs:
                                       
Commercial
    1,541       184       -       -       -  
Commercial real estate
    1,648       4,038       -       -       -  
Real estate construction
    1,247       241       -       -       -  
Residential real estate
    851       1,055       580       -       -  
Consumer and other
    23       42       -       -       -  
Total charge-offs
    5,310       5,560       580       -       -  
Recoveries:
                                       
Commercial
    374       -       -       -       -  
Commercial real estate
    294       -       -       -       -  
Real estate construction
    66       -       -       -       -  
Residential real estate
    79       137       -       -       -  
Consumer and other
    98       -       2       5       -  
Total recoveries
    911       137       2       5       -  
Net charge-offs
    (4,399 )     (5,423 )     (578 )     5       -  
                                         
Balance, end of year
  $ 9,127     $ 7,462     $ 7,462     $ 5,452     $ 5,215  

   
Allocation of the Allowance for Loan Losses
 
                                                             
   
Year Ended December 31,
 
   
2009
   
Percentage
of total
   
2008
   
Percentage
of total
   
2007
   
Percentage
of total
   
2006
   
Percentage
of total
   
2005
   
Percentage
of total
 
   
(Dollars In Thousands)
 
Commercial
  $ 1,589       17.41 %   $ 1,816       24.34 %   $ 1,341       17.97 %   $ 802       14.71 %   $ 1,546       29.64 %
Commercial real estate
    4,285       46.95       2,948       39.51       3,487       46.73       2,296       42.11       1,896       36.36  
Real estate construction
    549       6.02       805       10.79       929       12.45       1,055       19.35       499       9.58  
Residential real estate
    2,690       29.47       1,880       25.19       1,695       22.72       1,293       23.72       1,267       24.30  
Consumer and other
    14       0.15       13       0.17       10       0.13       6       0.11       6       0.12  
Total
  $ 9,127       100.00 %   $ 7,462       100.00 %   $ 7,462       100.00 %   $ 5,452       100.00 %   $ 5,215       100.00 %

 
24

 

Non-performing Assets And Loans Past Due

The following table presents information with respect to non-performing assets and 90 day delinquencies for the years indicated.

   
Non-performing Assets and Accruing Loans Past Due 90 Days or More
 
                               
   
December 31,
 
   
2009
   
2008
   
2007
   
2006
   
2005
 
   
(Dollars In Thousands)
 
Non-accrual loans:
                             
Commercial
  $ 208     $ 74     $ 187     $ -     $ 1,311  
Commercial real estate
    3,631       22       -       -       -  
Real estate construction
    1,689       2,678       -       -       -  
Residential real estate
    1,504       -       1,474       360       -  
Consumer and other
    -       101       -       -       -  
Total non-accrual loans
    7,032       2,875       1,661       360       1,311  
                                         
Restructured loans
    -       -       -       -       -  
                                         
Other real estate owned ("OREO")
    5,111       4,455       1,041       -       -  
                                         
Total non-performing assets
  $ 12,143     $ 7,330     $ 2,702     $ 360     $ 1,311  
                                         
Ratio of non-performing assets to:
                                       
Total loans plus OREO
    2.47 %     1.49 %     0.56 %     0.08 %     0.35 %
                                         
Total assets
    1.82       1.04       0.43       0.06       0.24