SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
for the quarterly period ended September 30, 2009
For the transition period from to
COMMISSION FILE NO. 000-50313
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
145 North Renfro Street, Mount Airy, NC 27030
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Registrants telephone number)
Check whether the registrant: (1) filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the past 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ¨ No ¨
Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer and smaller reporting company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act (Check one):
Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨ No x
State the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuers classes of common equity, as of the latest practical date:
On November 9, 2009 there were 3,196,581 common shares issued and outstanding
September 30, 2009 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2008 (Audited)
Nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 (Unaudited)
Three months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 (Unaudited)
Nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 (Unaudited)
Nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 (Unaudited)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements were prepared in accordance with instructions for Form 10-Q and therefore, do not include all disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles for a complete presentation of financial statements. In the opinion of management, the consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments necessary to present fairly the financial condition of Surrey Bancorp, (the Company), as of September 30, 2009, the results of operations for the nine and three months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, and its changes in stockholders equity and cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008. All adjustments are of a normal and recurring nature. The results of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2009, are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the full year. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Companys audited financial statements and related disclosures for the year ended December 31, 2008, included in the Companys Form 10-K. The balance sheet at December 31, 2008, has been taken from the audited financial statements at that date.
Surrey Bancorp (the Company) began operation on May 1, 2003 and was created for the purpose of acquiring all the outstanding shares of common stock of Surrey Bank & Trust. Stockholders of the bank received six shares of Surrey Bancorp common stock for every five shares of Surrey Bank & Trust common stock owned. The Company is subject to regulation by the Federal Reserve.
Surrey Bank & Trust (the Bank) was organized and incorporated under the laws of the State of North Carolina on July 15, 1996 and commenced operations on July 22, 1996. The Bank currently serves Surry County, North Carolina and Patrick County, Virginia and surrounding areas through five banking offices. As a state chartered bank, which is not a member of the Federal Reserve, the Bank is subject to regulation by the State of North Carolina Banking Commission and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
Surrey Investment Services, Inc., (Subsidiary) was organized and incorporated under the laws of the State of North Carolina on February 10, 1998. The subsidiary provides insurance services through SB&T Insurance and investment advice and brokerage services through U-VEST.
On July 31, 2000, Surrey Bank & Trust formed Freedom Finance, LLC, a subsidiary operation specializing in the purchase of sales finance contracts from local automobile dealers.
The accounting and reporting policies of the Company, the Bank, and its subsidiaries follow generally accepted accounting principles and general practices within the financial services industry. Following is a summary of the more significant policies.
Critical Accounting Policies
The notes to the audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2008 contain a summary of the significant accounting policies. The Company believes our policies with respect to the methodology for the determination of the allowance for loan losses, and asset impairment judgments, including the recoverability of intangible assets involve a higher degree of complexity and require management to make difficult and subjective judgments which often require assumptions or estimates about highly uncertain matters. Changes in these judgments, assumptions or estimates could cause reported results to differ materially. These critical policies and their application are periodically reviewed with the Audit Committee and our Board of Directors. See our Annual Report for full details on critical accounting policies.
Principles of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, the Bank and the subsidiaries. All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
The Company reports its activities in two business segments. In determining the appropriateness of segment definition, the Company considers the materiality of potential business segments and components of the business about which financial information is available and regularly evaluated relative to resource allocation and performance assessment.
Presentation of Cash Flows
For purposes of reporting cash flows, cash and cash equivalents includes cash and amounts due from depository institutions (including cash items in process of collection). Overnight interest bearing deposits and federal funds sold are shown separately. Federal funds purchased are shown with securities sold under agreements to repurchase.
Investments classified as available for sale are intended to be held for indefinite periods of time and include those securities that management may employ as part of asset/liability strategy or that may be sold in response to changes in interest rates, prepayments, regulatory capital requirements or similar factors. These securities are carried at fair value and are based on quoted market prices, where available. If quoted market prices are not available, fair values are based on quoted market prices of comparable instruments or significant other observable inputs.
Investment securities classified as held to maturity are those debt securities that the Bank has the ability and intent to hold to maturity. Accordingly, these securities are carried at cost adjusted for amortization of premiums and accretion of discount, computed by the interest-method over their contractual lives. At September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, the Bank had no investments classified as held to maturity.
Loans Held for Sale
The Bank originates and holds SBA and USDA guaranteed loans in its portfolio in the normal course of business. Occasionally, the Bank sells the guaranteed portions of these loans into the secondary market. The loans are generally variable rate loans, which eliminates the market risk to the Bank and are therefore carried at cost. The Bank recognizes gains on the sale of the guaranteed portion upon the consummation of the transaction. The Bank plans to continue to originate guaranteed loans for sales, however no such loans were funded at September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008.
Loans receivable that management has the intent and ability to hold for the foreseeable future or until maturity or payoff are reported at their outstanding principal amount adjusted for any charge-offs, the allowance for loan losses, and any deferred fees or cost on originated loans and unamortized premiums or discounts on purchased loans.
The allowance for loan losses is maintained at a level considered adequate to provide for losses that can be reasonably anticipated. The allowance is increased by provisions charged to operating expense and reduced by net charge-offs. The Bank makes continuous credit reviews of the loan portfolio and considers economic conditions, historical loan loss experience, review of specific problem loans and other factors in determining the adequacy of the allowance balance.
Activity in the allowance for loan losses for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 follows:
Interest on all loans is accrued daily on the outstanding balance. Accrual of interest is discontinued on a loan when management believes, after considering collection efforts and other factors, the borrowers financial condition is such that collection of interest is doubtful.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In June 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 168, The FASB Accounting Standards Codification TM and the Hierarchy of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles a replacement of FASB Statement No. 162, (SFAS 168). SFAS 168 establishes the FASB Accounting Standards Codification TM (Codification) as the source of authoritative generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) for nongovernmental entities. The Codification does not change GAAP. Instead, it takes the thousands of individual pronouncements that currently comprise GAAP and reorganizes them into approximately 90 accounting Topics, and displays all Topics using a consistent structure. Contents in each Topic are further organized first by Subtopic, then Section and finally Paragraph. The Paragraph level is the only level that contains substantive content. Citing particular content in the Codification involves specifying the unique numeric path to the content through the Topic, Subtopic, Section and Paragraph structure. FASB suggests that all citations begin with FASB ASC, where ASC stands for Accounting Standards Codification. Changes to the ASC subsequent to June 30, 2009 are referred to as Accounting Standards Updates (ASU).
In conjunction with the issuance of SFAS 168, the FASB also issued its first Accounting Standards Update No. 2009-1, Topic 105 Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (ASU 2009-1) which includes SFAS 168 in its entirety as a transition to the ASC. ASU 2009-1 is effective for interim and annual periods ending after September 15, 2009 and will not have an impact on the Companys financial position or results of operations but will change the referencing system for accounting standards. Certain of the following pronouncements were issued prior to the issuance of the ASC and adoption of the ASUs. For such pronouncements, citations to the applicable Codification by Topic, Subtopic and Section are provided where applicable in addition to the original standard type and number.
In December 2008 the FASB issued FASB Staff Position (FSP) SFAS 132(R)-1 (FASB ASC 715-20-65), Employers Disclosures about Postretirement Benefit Plan Assets, (FSP SFAS 132(R)-1). This FSP provides guidance on an employers disclosures about plan assets of a defined benefit pension or other postretirement plan. The objective of the FSP is to provide the users of financial statements with an understanding of: (a) how investment allocation decisions are made, including the factors that are pertinent to an understanding of investment policies and strategies; (b) the major categories of plan assets; (c) the inputs and valuation techniques used to measure the fair value of plan assets; (d) the effect of fair value measurements using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) on changes in plan assets for the period; and (e) significant concentrations of risk within plan assets. The FSP also requires a nonpublic entity, as defined in Statement of Financial Accounting Standard (SFAS) 132, to disclose net periodic benefit cost for each period for which a statement of income is presented. FSP SFAS 132(R)-1 is effective for fiscal years ending after December 15, 2009. The Staff Position will require the Company to provide additional disclosures related to its benefit plan.
The FASB issued SFAS 166 (not yet reflected in FASB ASC), Accounting for Transfers of Financial Assets an amendment of FASB Statement No. 140, (SFAS 166) in June 2009. SFAS 166 limits the circumstances in which a financial asset should be derecognized when the transferor has not transferred the entire financial asset by taking into consideration the transferors continuing involvement. The standard requires that a transferor recognize and initially measure at fair value all assets obtained (including a transferors beneficial interest) and liabilities incurred as a result of a transfer of financial assets accounted for as a sale. The concept of a qualifying special-purpose entity is removed from SFAS 140 along with the exception from applying FIN 46(R). The standard is effective for the first annual reporting period that begins after November 15, 2009, for interim periods within the first annual reporting period, and for interim and annual reporting periods thereafter. Earlier application is prohibited. The Company does not expect the standard to have any impact on the Companys financial statements.
SFAS 167 (not yet reflected in FASB ASC), Amendments to FASB Interpretation No. 46(R), (SFAS 167) was also issued in June 2009. The standard amends FIN 46(R) to require a company to analyze whether its interest in a variable interest entity (VIE) gives it a controlling financial interest. A company must assess whether it has an implicit financial responsibility to ensure that the VIE operates as designed when determining whether it has the power to direct the activities of the VIE that significantly impact its economic performance. Ongoing reassessments of whether a company is the primary beneficiary is also required by the standard. SFAS 167 amends the criteria to qualify as a primary beneficiary as well as how to determine the existence of a VIE. The standard also eliminates certain exceptions that were available under FIN 46(R). SFAS 167 is effective as of the beginning of each reporting entitys first annual reporting period that begins after November 15, 2009, for interim periods within that first annual reporting period, and for interim and annual reporting periods thereafter. Earlier application is prohibited. Comparative disclosures will be required for periods after the effective date. The Company does not expect the standard to have any impact on the Companys financial position.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements, continued
The FASB issued ASU 200905, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (Topic 820) Measuring Liabilities at Fair Value in August, 2009 to provide guidance when estimating the fair value of a liability. When a quoted price in an active market for the identical liability is not available, fair value should be measured using (a) the quoted price of an identical liability when traded as an asset; (b) quoted prices for similar liabilities or similar liabilities when traded as assets; or (c) another valuation technique consistent with the principles of Topic 820 such as an income approach or a market approach. If a restriction exists that prevents the transfer of the liability, a separate adjustment related to the restriction is not required when estimating fair value. The ASU was effective October 1, 2009 for the Company and will have no impact on financial position or operations.
ASU 2009-12, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (Topic 820) - Investments in Certain Entities That Calculate Net Asset Value per Share (or Its Equivalent), issued in September, 2009, allows a company to measure the fair value of an investment that has no readily determinable fair market value on the basis of the investees net asset value per share as provided by the investee. This allowance assumes that the investee has calculated net asset value in accordance with the GAAP measurement principles of Topic 946 as of the reporting entitys measurement date. Examples of such investments include investments in hedge funds, private equity funds, real estate funds and venture capital funds. The update also provides guidance on how the investment should be classified within the fair value hierarchy based on the value for which the investment can be redeemed. The amendment is effective for interim and annual periods ending after December 15, 2009 with early adoption permitted. The Company does not have investments in such entities and, therefore, there will be no impact to our financial statements.
Other accounting standards that have been issued or proposed by the FASB or other standards-setting bodies are not expected to have a material impact on the Companys financial position, results of operations or cash flows
In preparing these financial statements, the Company has evaluated events and transactions for potential recognition or disclosure through November 13, 2009, the date the financial statements were issued.
Debt and equity securities have been classified in the balance sheets according to managements intent. The carrying amounts of securities available for sale and their approximate fair values at September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008 follow:
Maturities of mortgage-backed bonds are stated based on contractual maturities. Actual maturities of these bonds may vary as the underlying mortgages are prepaid. The scheduled maturities of securities (all available for sale) at September 30, 2009, were as follows:
The following table shows investments gross unrealized losses and fair value, aggregated by investment category and length of time that the individual securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position, at September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008. These unrealized losses on investment securities are a result of volatility in interest rates and primarily relate to corporate bonds issued by other banks at September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008.
Management considers the nature of the investment, the underlying causes of the decline in market value, the severity and duration of the decline in market value and other evidence, on a security by security basis, in determining if the decline in market value is other than temporary. Management believes all unrealized losses presented in the table above to be temporary in nature.
The Company had no gross realized gains or losses for the nine and three month periods ended September 30, 2009 and 2008.
Basic earnings per share for the nine and three months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 were calculated by dividing net income available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period.
The computation of diluted earnings per share is similar to the computation of basic earnings per share except that the denominator is increased to include the number of additional common shares that would have been outstanding if dilutive potential common shares had been issued. The numerator is adjusted for any changes in income or loss that would result from the assumed conversion of those potential common shares. The potential dilutive shares are represented by common stock options and by the Series A convertible preferred stock each share of which is convertible into 2.0868 shares of common stock.
At September 30, 2009, the Company had commitments to extend credit, including unused lines of credit of approximately $36,591,000. Letters of credit totaling $2,023,331 were outstanding.
The Company has two share-based compensation plans. The compensation cost that has been charged against income for those plans was approximately $34,130 and $38,844 for the nine-month periods ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively. The income tax benefit recognized for share-based compensation arrangements was approximately $11,604 and $13,207 for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively.
The Company utilizes fair value measurements to record fair value adjustments to certain assets and liabilities and to determine fair value disclosures. Securities available for sale, trading securities and derivatives, if present, are recorded at fair value on a recurring basis. Additionally, from time to time, the Company may be required to record at fair value other assets on a nonrecurring basis, such as loans held for sale, loans held for investment and certain other assets. These nonrecurring fair value adjustments typically involve application of lower of cost or market accounting or write-downs of individual assets.
Fair Value Hierarchy
Under the Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures Topic of FASB ASC, the Company groups assets and liabilities at fair value in three levels, based on the markets in which the assets and liabilities are traded and the reliability of the assumptions used to determine fair value. These levels are:
Following is a description of valuation methodologies used for assets and liabilities recorded at fair value.
Investment Securities Available for Sale
Investment securities available for sale are recorded at fair value on a recurring basis. Fair value measurement is based upon quoted prices, if available. If quoted prices are not available, fair values are measured using independent pricing models or other model-based valuation techniques such as the present value of future cash flows, adjusted for the securitys credit rating, prepayment assumptions and other factors such as credit loss assumptions. Level 1 securities include those traded on an active exchange, such as the New York Stock Exchange, U.S. Treasury securities that are traded by dealers or brokers in active over-the-counter markets and money market funds. Level 2 securities include mortgage-backed securities issued by government sponsored entities, municipal bonds and corporate debt securities. Securities classified as Level 3 include asset-backed securities in less liquid markets.
The Company does not record loans at fair value on a recurring basis. However, from time to time, a loan is considered impaired and an allowance for loan losses is established. Loans for which it is probable that payment of interest and principal will not be made in accordance with the contractual terms of the loan agreement are considered impaired. Once a loan is identified as individually impaired, management measures impairment in accordance with the Receivables Topic of FASB ASC. The fair value of impaired loans is estimated using one of several methods, including collateral value, market value of similar debt, enterprise value, liquidation value and discounted cash flows. Those impaired loans not requiring an allowance represent loans for which the fair value of the expected repayments or collateral exceed the recorded investments in such loans. At September 30, 2009, substantially all of the total impaired loans were evaluated based on the fair value of the collateral. In accordance with the Fair Value and Measurement Topic of the FASB ASC, impaired loans where an allowance is established based on the fair value of collateral require classification in the fair value hierarchy. When the fair value of the collateral is based on an observable market price or a current appraised value, the Company records the impaired
loan as nonrecurring Level 2. When an appraised value is not available or management determines the fair value of the collateral is further impaired below the appraised value and there is no observable market price, the Company records the impaired loan as nonrecurring Level 3.
Foreclosed assets are adjusted to fair value upon transfer of the loans to foreclosed assets. Subsequently, foreclosed assets are carried at the lower of carrying value or fair value. Fair value is based upon independent market prices, appraised values of the collateral or managements estimation of the value of the collateral. When the fair value of the collateral is based on an observable market price or a current appraised value, the Company records the foreclosed asset as nonrecurring Level 2. When an appraised value is not available or management determines the fair value of the collateral is further impaired below the appraised value and there is no observable market price, the Company records the foreclosed asset as nonrecurring Level 3.
Assets and Liabilities Recorded at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
The table below presents the recorded amount of assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis.
The Company had no Level 3 assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at September 30, 2009.
Assets and Liabilities Recorded at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis
The Company may be required, from time to time, to measure certain assets or liabilities at fair value on a nonrecurring basis in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. These include assets and liabilities that are measured at the lower of cost or market that were recognized at fair value below cost at the end of the period. Assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis are included in the table below.
The Company had no Level 3 assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis at September 30, 2009.
The estimated fair values of the Companys financial instruments are as follows (dollars in thousands):
The Company has two reportable segments, the Bank and Freedom Finance, LLC. The Bank provides mortgage, consumer and commercial loans. Freedom Finance, LLC specializes in the purchase of sales finance contracts from local automobile dealers. Information about reportable segments, and reconciliation of such information to the consolidated financial statements as of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 is as follows:
The accounting policies of the segments are the same as those described in the summary of significant accounting policies. The Companys reportable segments are strategic business units that offer different products and services. They are managed separately because each segment appeals to different markets and, accordingly, requires different technology and marketing strategies.
The Company derives a majority of its revenue from interest income and relies primarily on net interest income to assess the performance of the segments and make decisions about resources to be allocated to the segment. Therefore, the segments are reported using net interest income for the period ended September 30, 2009. The Company does allocate income taxes to the segments. Other income represents noninterest income which is also allocated to the segments. The Company includes the holding company and an insurance and investment agency in its Bank segment above. The Company does not have any single external customer from which is derives 10 percent or more of its revenues and operations in any one geographical area.
On January 9, 2009, the Company issued and sold to the US Department of the Treasury 2,000 shares of the Companys Fixed Rate Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series B, with a liquidation preference of $1,000 per share and a warrant to purchase 100.001 shares of the Companys Fixed Rate Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series C, with a liquidation preference of $1,000 per share, at an initial exercise price of $0.01 per share. The Warrant was immediately exercised. The Series B Preferred Stock pays cumulative dividends at a rate of 5% per annum for the first five years, and 9% per annum thereafter. The Series C Warrant Preferred Stock pays a cumulative dividend of 9%, per annum. Net proceeds from the issuance, after legal fees, amounted to $1,975,015. Net accretion of discounts over amortization of premiums on the Series B and C Preferred Stock amounted to $23,335 for the nine months ended September 30, 2009, bringing the total Series B and C Preferred Stock investment to $1,998,350. Dividends accrued on the Series B and C Preferred Stock at September 30, 2009 totaled $13,928, which is included in dividends payable with accrued dividends on the Series A Preferred Stock.
This discussion, analysis and related financial information are presented to explain the significant factors which affected Surrey Bancorps financial condition and results of operations for nine and three months ending September 30, 2009 and 2008. This discussion should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and related notes contained within this report.
Surrey Bancorp (Company) is a North Carolina corporation, located in Mount Airy, North Carolina. The Company was incorporated on February 6, 2003, and began business on May 1, 2003.
Surrey Bank & Trust (Bank) is a North Carolina state chartered bank, located in Mount Airy, North Carolina. The Bank was chartered on July 15, 1996, and began operations on July 22, 1996. The Bank has two operating subsidiaries: Surrey Investment Services, Inc. and Freedom Finance, LLC.
Effective March 5, 1998, the Bank became a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank.
Certain information contained in this discussion may include forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These forward-looking statements are generally identified by phrases such as the Company expects, the Company believes or words of similar import. Such forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks including, but not limited to, changes in general economic and business conditions, interest rate fluctuations, competition within and from outside the banking industry, new products and services in the banking industry, risk inherent in making loans such as repayment risks and fluctuating collateral values, problems with technology utilized by the Company, changing trends in customer profiles and changes in laws and regulations applicable to the Company. Although the Company believes that its expectations with respect to the forward-looking statements are based upon reliable assumptions within the bounds of its knowledge of its business and operations, there can be no assurance that actual results, performance or achievements of the Company will not differ materially from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements.
Net income available for common stockholders for the three months ended September 30, 2009, was $462,653 or $0.14 per diluted share outstanding compared to a $426,740 or $0.13 per diluted share outstanding for the same period in 2008. Earnings for the three months ended September 30, 2009, are approximately 8.4% higher than for the same period in 2008. The change results from an increase in net interest income. Net interest income increased 10.8% from $1,796,823 in the third quarter of 2008 to $1,990,519 in 2009. The continued downward repricing of deposits during the third quarter was largely responsible for the margin increase. The provision for loan losses increased from $161,791 in the third quarter of 2008 to $261,001 in the third quarter of 2009. The increase in the loan loss provision results from continued weakness in the economy which necessitated an increase in reserves associated with impaired loans. Noninterest income decreased 0.3% in 2009 primarily due to decreases in revenues from the Companys brokerage service subsidiary, Surrey Investment Services, Inc. Noninterest expenses decreased 0.6% from $1,536,756 in the third quarter of 2008, to $1,528,005 in 2009. Most of the decrease is associated with salaries and employee benefits and equipment expenses. Salaries and employee benefits decreased from $802,972 in the third quarter of 2008 to $791,648 in 2009. This decrease was primarily due to changes in estimated loan origination cost deferred in accordance with the Receivable Topic of the FASB ASC. Revisions to the estimated origination cost of loans are made annually during the second quarter and are implemented by the beginning of the third quarter. Loans increased approximately $6,000,000 in the third quarter which also contributed to the increased deferred cost. Equipment expenses decreased from $79,225 in the third quarter of 2008 to $67,204 in 2009. Reduced repairs, maintenance and depreciation lead to this decrease. Other noninterest expense increased 0.7% from $456,145 in the third quarter of 2008 to $459,512 in 2009. This increase generally results from increased FDIC insurance premiums which increased $23,712 from the third quarter of 2008 to third quarter of 2009. However, this increase was offset by reductions in legal fees, postage cost and office supplies.
Net income available for common stockholders for the nine months ended September 30, 2009, was $1,737,481 or $0.51 per diluted share outstanding compared to $1,206,561 or $0.36 per diluted share outstanding for the same period in 2008. This represents a 44.0% increase in earnings. This increase is attributable to earnings from Freedom Finance, LLC, the Banks sales finance subsidiary, which recorded tax-exempt life insurance proceeds of
$1,000,000 in the first quarter of 2009. The proceeds were on the life of a former partner of the subsidiary. Excluding the life insurance proceeds, noninterest income remained relatively unchanged, decreasing $4,715 to $1,737,656 during the nine month period ended September 30, 2009. Net interest income increased 5.3% from $5,260,707 in the first nine months of 2008 to $5,537,468 in 2009. This increase is due to the continued downward repricing of deposits during 2009. The provision for loan losses increased from $397,458 for the nine-month period ending September 30, 2008 to $1,014,997 in 2009. The significant increase in the reserve was due to the weakening economy and its effects on credit quality and collateral values. This necessitated an increase in reserves associated with impaired loans. Reserves on impaired loans increased from approximately $756,000 at December 31, 2008 to $1,538,000 at September 30, 2009. Other expenses constituted the highest percentage increase in noninterest expense from 2008 to 2009 primarily due to the accrual and payment of the FDICs special assessment in the second quarter of 2009. This assessment alone amounted to approximately $90,000. The tax-exempt life insurance proceeds reduced the effective income tax rate from 33.44% for the nine months ended September 30, 2008, to 17.98% for the nine month period ended September 30, 2009.
On September 30, 2009, Surrey Bancorps assets totaled $213,182,780 compared to $204,178,015 on December 31, 2008. Net loans were $175,727,802 compared to $172,080,251 on December 31, 2008. This increase was attributable to increases in commercial loans. Commercial loans increased approximately 14.23% from the 2008 year-end totals. This increase has been partially offset by decreases in real estate loans which decreased 3.10% from year-end totals.
Total deposits on September 30, 2009, were $169,079,189 compared to $163,747,112 at the end of 2008. This increase is primarily attributable to increases in demand deposits, savings deposits, which include money market accounts, and certificates of deposit. Demand deposits increased 4.21% from 2008 totals, while savings deposits increased 10.64%. Certificates of deposit increased 1.29% from December 31, 2008 totals.
Common stockholders equity increased by $1,848,793 or 8.50% during the nine months ended September 30, 2009. The increase is comprised of net income of $1,929,370, proceeds from exercised stock options of $82,322, tax benefits from the exercise of Non-Qualified Stock Options of $19,903 and other stock based compensation of $22,526. Decreases included the payment and accrual of preferred dividends and adjustments to Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income of $168,554 and $13,439, respectively. The net increase resulted in a common stock book value of $7.39 per share, up from $6.87 on December 31, 2008.
The book value per common share is calculated by taking total stockholders equity, subtracting all preferred equity, and then dividing by the total number of common shares outstanding at the end of the reporting period.
Preferred stockholders equity increased $1,998,350 during the period ended September 30, 2009, as detailed in Note 8 to the financial statements. Combined preferred and common stockholders equity increased $3,847,143, or 15.8% for the nine months ended September 30, 2009.
Financial Condition, Liquidity and Capital Resources
The Bank maintains a portfolio of securities as part of its asset/liability and liquidity management programs which emphasize effective yields and maturities to match its needs. The composition of the investment portfolio is examined periodically and appropriate realignments are initiated to meet liquidity and interest rate sensitivity needs for the Bank.
Available for sale securities are reported at fair value and consist of bonds, notes, debentures, and certain equity securities not classified as trading securities or as held to maturity securities.
Unrealized holding gains and losses, net of tax, on available for sale securities are reported as a net amount in a separate component of stockholders equity. Realized gains and losses on the sale of available for sale securities are determined using the specific-identification method. Premiums and discounts are recognized in interest income using the interest method over the period to maturity or to call dates.
Declines in the fair value of individual held to maturity and available for sale securities below cost that are other than temporary are reflected as write-downs of the individual securities to fair value. Related write-downs are included in earnings as realized losses.
Investments in available for sale securities of $1,619,342 consisted of U.S. Governmental Agency obligations with maturities ranging from five to six months, corporate bonds with maturities of eight and three-quarter years to nine years, that reprice quarterly, and GNMA adjustable rate mortgage securities, which adjust annually.
Net loans outstanding on September 30, 2009, were $175,727,802 compared to $172,080,251 on December 31, 2008. The Bank maintains a loan portfolio dominated by real estate and commercial loans diversified among various industries. Approximately 69.1% of the Banks loans as of September 30, 2009, are fixed rate loans with 30.9% floating with the Banks prime rate or other appropriate internal or external indices.
Deposits on September 30, 2009, were $169,079,189, compared to $163,747,112 on December 31, 2008. The September total comes from a base of approximately 12,185 accounts compared to 12,048 accounts at December 31, 2008. Interest-bearing accounts represented 84.2% of September 30, 2009 period end deposits versus 85.2% at December 31, 2008.
Federal Funds Purchased
The Company had no federal funds purchased at September 30, 2009, compared to $2,000,000 outstanding at December 31, 2008. Federal funds purchased were decreased due to improved liquidity resulting from the increase in deposits.
Surrey Bancorp and Surrey Bank & Trust are subject to various regulatory capital requirements administered by federal banking agencies. The Company and the Bank maintain strong capital positions which exceed all capital adequacy requirements of federal regulatory authorities. The capital ratios increased significantly from December 31, 2008 to September 30, 2009. In addition to the Companys earnings, capital increased due to the issuance of preferred stock to the US Department of Treasury under the Treasurys Capital Purchase Plan as detailed in Note 8 to the financial statements. The Companys and the Banks capital ratios are presented in the following table.
The Company actively monitors delinquencies, nonperforming assets and potential problem loans. Unsecured loans that are past due more than 90 days are placed into nonaccrual status. Secured loans reach nonaccrual status when they surpass 120 days past due. When facts and circumstances indicate the borrower has regained the ability to meet the required payments, the loan is returned to accrual status.
Management reviews all criticized loans on a periodic basis for possible charge offs. Any unsecured loans that are 90+ days past due must be charged off in full. If secured, a reserve equal to the potential loss will be established. Any charge off must be reported to the Board of Directors within 30 days. On a monthly basis, recovery actions will be provided to Board of Directors of recovery actions.
The chart below shows the amount of non-performing assets.
Non-Performing Assets to Total Assets:
At September 30, 2009, the Bank had loans totaling $778,684 in nonaccrual status. Foreclosed assets at September 30, 2009 primarily include undeveloped land. Loans that were considered impaired but were still accruing interest at September 30, 2009, totaled $3,866,357. A loan is considered impaired when, based on current information and events, it is probable that the Bank will be unable to collect all amounts due to the contractual terms of the loan agreement. Specific reserves on nonaccrual and impaired loans totaled $1,538,008 at quarter end, or 33.1% of the balances outstanding.
Nonaccrual and impaired loans still accruing are summarized below:
The loan portfolio is dominated by real estate and commercial loans. The general composition of the loan portfolio is as follows:
The concentrations represented above do not, based on managements assessment, expose the Bank to any unusual concentration risk. Based on the Banks size the only concentration that is above area peer group analysis is commercial and industrial loans. Management recognizes the inherent risk associated with commercial lending, including whether or not a borrowers actual results of operations will correspond to those projected by the borrower when the loan was funded; economic factors such as the number of housing starts and increases in interest rates, etc.; depression of collateral values; and completion of projects within the original cost and time estimates. The Bank mitigates some of that risk by actively seeking government guarantees on these loans. Collectively, the Bank has approximately $38,383,000 in loans that carry government guarantees. The guaranteed portion of these loans amounts to $28,601,000, much of which are classified as commercial and industrial loans.
Loans in higher risk categories, such as non-owner occupied nonfarm, non-residential property and commercial real estate construction represent a small segment of our loan portfolio. Commercial construction loans included in construction and development loans amounted to $4,702,080 at September 30, 2009. Non-owner occupied nonfarm, non-residential properties included in nonfarm, non-residential loans above amounted to $5,750,900 at September 30, 2009.
The consolidated provision for loan losses charged to operations was $1,014,997 in the first nine months of 2009 compared to $397,458 for the same period in 2008. The provision attributable to the Bank increased from $384,367 in 2008 to $905,788 in 2009. This increase is primarily attributable to increases in reserves on impaired loans. The increased reserves on impaired loans primarily resulted from the deterioration of the debtors collateral bases on specific loans during the first nine months of 2009. These collateral bases include inventory and accounts receivable, among other operating assets. The provision attributable to Freedom Finance, LLC increased from $13,091 in 2008 to $109,209 for the nine months ended September 30, 2009. The increase in the Freedom Finance, LLC provision was due to increased defaults in 2009 due to a slumping economy. Net charge offs in the finance company increased from $130,174 in 2008 to $168,249 during the nine months ended September 30, 2009. The notes to the consolidated financial statements contained within this report provide details of the activity in the allowance for loan losses.
The reserve for loan losses on September 30, 2009, was $4,101,870 or 2.28% of period end loans. This percentage is derived from total loans. Approximately $38,383,000 of the total loans outstanding at September 30, 2009, are government guaranteed loans which the Banks exposure ranges from 10% to 49% of the outstanding balance. When the guaranteed portions of the loans are removed from the equation, the loan loss reserve is approximately 2.70% of outstanding loans.
The level of reserve is established based upon managements evaluation of historical loss data and the effects of certain environmental factors on the loan portfolio. The historical loss portion of the reserve is computed using the average loss data from the past three years applied to its corresponding category of loans. However, historical losses only reflect a small portion of the Banks loan loss reserve. The environmental factors represent risk from external economic influences on the credit quality of the loan portfolio. These factors include the movement of interest rates, unemployment rates, past due and charge off trends, loan grading migrations, movement in collateral values and the Banks exposure to certain loan concentrations. Positive or negative movements in any of these factors have an effect on the credit quality of the loan portfolio. As a result, management continues to actively monitor the Banks asset quality affected by these environmental factors. The following table is a summary of loans past due at September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008
Past due loans are reviewed weekly and the situation assessed to determine potential problems arising in the loan portfolio. Proactive management of past due accounts allows management to anticipate trends within the portfolio and make appropriate adjustments to collection efforts and to the allowance for loan losses. Collectively, past dues decreased from December 31, 2008 to September 30, 2009. Approximately $1,584,000 of the past due commercial loans and the all of the past due nonfarm non-residential loans at December 31, 2008 were attributable to one customer. The customer was not past due at September 30, 2009. Excluding this one customer past dues increased approximately 74 percent from the end of 2008 to September 30, 2009. However, the past due percentage at September 30, 2009 is well within industry averages.
Management believes that its loan portfolio is diversified so that a downturn in a particular market or industry will not have a significant impact on the loan portfolio or the Banks financial condition. Management believes that its provision and reserve offer an adequate allowance for loan losses and provide an appropriate reserve for the loan portfolio.
The Bank lends primarily in Surry County, North Carolina and Patrick Country, Virginia and surrounding counties.
Interest Rate Sensitivity and Liquidity
One of the principal duties of the Banks Asset/Liability Committee is management of interest rate risk. The Bank utilizes quarterly asset/liability reports prepared by a regional correspondent bank to project the impact on net interest income that might occur with hypothetical interest rate changes. The committee monitors and manages asset and liability strategies and pricing.
Another function of the Asset/Liability Committee is maintaining adequate liquidity and planning for future liquidity needs. Having adequate liquidity means the ability to meet current funding needs, including deposit withdrawals and commitments, in an orderly manner without sacrificing earnings. The Bank funds its investing activities, including making loans and purchasing investments, by attracting deposits and utilizing short-term borrowings when necessary.
At September 30, 2009, the liquidity position of the Company was good, with short-term liquid assets of $23,343,201. Deposit increases and proceeds from the issuance of Series B and C preferred stock to the United States Treasury primarily accounted for the net increase in liquidity from December 31, 2008 totals. To provide supplemental liquidity, the Bank has six unsecured lines of credit with correspondent banks totaling $19,000,000. At September 30, 2009, there were no advances against these lines. Additionally, the Bank has a secured borrowing arrangement with the Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLB). The maximum credit available under this agreement approximates $15,913,000 of which $13,950,000 of advances had been taken down at September 30, 2009.
Not Applicable as a Smaller Reporting Company.
As of the end of the period covered by the report, an evaluation was performed under the supervision and with the participation of the Companys management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Companys disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 13a-15e. Based on the evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that the design and operation of these disclosure controls and procedures were effective. There have not been any changes in the Companys internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the Companys last quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, internal control over financial reporting.
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
Not Applicable as a Smaller Reporting Company
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Company has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized officers.