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EX-32.1 - CERTIFICATIONS OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER AND CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER - Mondelez International, Inc.dex321.htm
EX-31.1 - CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER PURSUANT TO RULE 13A 14(A) - Mondelez International, Inc.dex311.htm
EX-31.2 - CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER PURSUANT TO RULE 13A 14(A) - Mondelez International, Inc.dex312.htm
EX-10.1 - CONSENT AND WAIVER, TO THE 5-YEAR REVOLVING CREDIT AGREEMENT - Mondelez International, Inc.dex101.htm
EX-12 - STATEMENT REGARDING COMPUTATION OF RATIOS OF EARNINGS TO FIXED CHARGES - Mondelez International, Inc.dex12.htm

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)   
x    QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
   For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2009
   OR
¨    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
   For the transition period from                      to                     

Commission file number 1-16483

LOGO

Kraft Foods Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Virginia   52-2284372
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)   Identification No.)

Three Lakes Drive,

Northfield, Illinois

  60093
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (847) 646-2000

Not Applicable

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (i) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (ii) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer x   Accelerated filer ¨  

Non-accelerated filer ¨

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

  Smaller reporting company ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  ¨    No  x

At September 30, 2009, there were 1,475,836,525 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding.

 

 

 


Kraft Foods Inc.

Table of Contents

 

         Page No.
PART I –  

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

  
Item 1.  

Financial Statements (Unaudited)

  
 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings for the
Three Months and Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2009 and 2008

   1
 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at
September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008

   2
 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity
for the Year Ended December 31, 2008 and the
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2009

   3
 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2009 and 2008

   4
 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

   5
Item 2.  

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial
Condition and Results of Operations

   23
Item 3.  

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

   42
Item 4.  

Controls and Procedures

   42
PART II –  

OTHER INFORMATION

  
Item 1.  

Legal Proceedings

   42
Item 1A.  

Risk Factors

   42
Item 2.  

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

   43
Item 6.  

Exhibits

   43
Signature    44

In this report, “Kraft Foods,” “we,” “us” and “our” refers to Kraft Foods Inc. and subsidiaries, and “Common Stock” refers to Kraft Foods’ Class A common stock.

 

i


PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.  Financial Statements.

Kraft Foods Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings

(in millions of dollars, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

     For the Three Months Ended
September 30,
   For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,
     2009    2008    2009     2008

Net revenues

   $     9,803    $   10,401    $    29,361      $    31,251

Cost of sales

     6,262      7,096      18,890        20,777
                            

Gross profit

     3,541      3,305      10,471        10,474

Marketing, administration and research costs

     2,116      2,151      6,247        6,544

Asset impairment and exit costs

          123      (26     306

Losses on divestitures, net

          1      17        93

Amortization of intangibles

     6      7      15        18
                            

Operating income

     1,419      1,023      4,218        3,513

Interest and other expense, net

     323      298      915        934
                            

Earnings from continuing operations before
income taxes

     1,096      725      3,303        2,579

Provision for income taxes

     270      205      986        834
                            

Earnings from continuing operations

     826      520      2,317        1,745

Earnings and gain from discontinued
operations, net of income taxes (Note 2)

          845             968
                            

Net earnings

     826      1,365      2,317        2,713

Noncontrolling interest

     2      3      6        7
                            

Net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods

   $ 824    $ 1,362    $ 2,311      $ 2,706
                            

Per share data:

          

Basic earnings per share attributable to
Kraft Foods:

          

Continuing operations

   $ 0.56    $ 0.34    $ 1.56      $ 1.15

Discontinued operations

          0.57             0.63
                            

Net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods

   $ 0.56    $ 0.91    $ 1.56      $ 1.78
                            

Diluted earnings per share attributable to
Kraft Foods:

          

Continuing operations

   $ 0.55    $ 0.34    $ 1.56      $ 1.14

Discontinued operations

          0.57             0.63
                            

Net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods

   $ 0.55    $ 0.91    $ 1.56      $ 1.77
                            

Dividends declared

   $ 0.29    $ 0.29    $ 0.87      $ 0.83
                            

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

1


Kraft Foods Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(in millions of dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

     September 30,     December 31,  
     2009     2008  

ASSETS

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 2,996      $ 1,244   

Receivables (less allowances of $137 in 2009 and $129 in 2008)

     4,720        4,704   

Inventories, net

     4,073        3,881   

Deferred income taxes

     654        804   

Other current assets

     575        828   
                

Total current assets

     13,018        11,461   

Property, plant and equipment, net

     10,409        9,917   

Goodwill

     28,617        27,581   

Intangible assets, net

     13,319        12,926   

Prepaid pension assets

     122        56   

Other assets

     1,184        1,232   
                

TOTAL ASSETS

   $      66,669      $      63,173   
                

LIABILITIES

    

Short-term borrowings

   $ 1,359      $ 897   

Current portion of long-term debt

     1,258        765   

Accounts payable

     3,264        3,373   

Accrued marketing

     1,967        1,803   

Accrued employment costs

     1,020        951   

Other current liabilities

     3,188        3,255   
                

Total current liabilities

     12,056        11,044   

Long-term debt

     18,108        18,589   

Deferred income taxes

     4,314        4,064   

Accrued pension costs

     2,204        2,367   

Accrued postretirement health care costs

     2,682        2,678   

Other liabilities

     2,094        2,075   
                

TOTAL LIABILITIES

     41,458        40,817   

Contingencies (Note 11)

    

EQUITY

    

Common Stock, no par value (1,735,000,000 shares
issued in 2009 and 2008)

              

Additional paid-in capital

     23,570        23,563   

Retained earnings

     14,394        13,440   

Accumulated other comprehensive losses

     (4,355     (5,994

Treasury stock, at cost

     (8,484     (8,714
                

Total Kraft Foods Shareholders’ Equity

     25,125        22,295   

Noncontrolling interest

     86        61   
                

TOTAL EQUITY

     25,211        22,356   
                

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

   $ 66,669      $ 63,173   
                

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

2


Kraft Foods Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity

(in millions of dollars, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

     Kraft Foods Shareholders’ Equity                
     Common
Stock
   Additional
Paid-in
Capital
     Retained
Earnings
     Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Earnings /
(Losses)
         Treasury    
Stock
     Noncontrolling
Interest
     Total
Equity
 

Balances at January 1, 2008

   $    $ 23,445       $ 12,321       $ (1,835    $ (6,524    $ 38       $ 27,445   

Comprehensive earnings / (losses):

                    

Net earnings

                  2,884                         9         2,893   

Other comprehensive losses, net
of income taxes

                          (4,159              (9      (4,168
                                

Total comprehensive losses *

                            (1,275
                                

Adoption of new benefit plan guidance

                  (8                              (8

Exercise of stock options and issuance of other stock awards

          118         (81              231                 268   

Cash dividends declared
($1.12 per share)

                  (1,676                              (1,676

Acquisitions of noncontrolling
interest and other activities

                                                     –         23         23   

Common Stock repurchased

                                  (777              (777

Common Stock tendered

                                             –         (1,644                        –         (1,644
                                                            

Balances at December 31, 2008

   $    $ 23,563       $ 13,440       $ (5,994    $ (8,714    $ 61       $ 22,356   

Comprehensive earnings / (losses):

                    

Net earnings

                  2,311                         6         2,317   

Other comprehensive earnings, net
of income taxes

                          1,639                 25         1,664   
                                

Total comprehensive earnings *

                    31         3,981   
                                

Exercise of stock options and issuance of other stock awards

          8         (71              230                 167   

Cash dividends declared
($0.87 per share)

                  (1,286                              (1,286

Dividends paid on noncontrolling
interest and other activities

          (1                              (6      (7
                                                            

Balances at September 30, 2009

   $                       –    $              23,570       $              14,394       $ (4,355    $    (8,484    $    86       $              25,211   
                                                            

 

* Total comprehensive earnings / (losses) were $1,197 million for the quarter ended and $3,981 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2009, as compared to $531 million for the quarter ended and $2,543 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2008. Comprehensive earnings / (losses) attributable to Kraft Foods were $1,192 million for the quarter ended and $3,950 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2009, as compared to $531 million for the quarter ended and $2,536 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2008.

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3


Kraft Foods Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(in millions of dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

     For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2009     2008  

CASH PROVIDED BY / (USED IN) OPERATING ACTIVITIES

    

Net earnings

   $ 2,317      $ 2,713   

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to operating cash flows:

    

Depreciation and amortization

     659        752   

Stock-based compensation expense

     123        135   

Deferred income tax provision / (benefit)

     127        (77

Losses on divestitures, net

     17        93   

Gain on discontinued operations (Note 2)

            (849

Asset impairment and exit costs, net of cash paid

     9        167   

Other non-cash expense, net

     189        75   

Change in assets and liabilities, excluding the effects of
acquisitions and divestitures:

    

Receivables, net

     410        373   

Inventories, net

     (27     (814

Accounts payable

     (351     (216

Other current assets

     233        (134

Other current liabilities

     (363     283   

Change in pension and postretirement assets and liabilities, net

     (74     28   
                

Net cash provided by operating activities

     3,269        2,529   
                

CASH PROVIDED BY / (USED IN) INVESTING ACTIVITIES

    

Capital expenditures

     (749     (901

Acquisitions, net of cash received

            (99

Proceeds from divestitures

     6        38   

Other

     43        38   
                

Net cash used in investing activities

     (700     (924
                

CASH PROVIDED BY / (USED IN) FINANCING ACTIVITIES

    

Net issuance / (repayment) of short-term borrowings

     461        (5,834

Long-term debt proceeds

     2        6,477   

Long-term debt repaid

     (215     (65

Repurchase of Common Stock

            (777

Dividends paid

     (1,284     (1,236

Other

     75        32   
                

Net cash used in financing activities

     (961     (1,403
                

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

     144        (32
                

Cash and cash equivalents:

    

Increase

     1,752        170   

Balance at beginning of period

     1,244        567   
                

Balance at end of period

   $ 2,996      $ 737   
                

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

4


Kraft Foods Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

Note 1.  Summary of Significant Accounting Policies:

Basis of Presentation:

Our interim condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited. We prepared the condensed consolidated financial statements following SEC rules for interim reporting. As permitted under those rules, we have condensed or omitted a number of footnotes or other financial information that are normally required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. It is management’s opinion that these financial statements include all normal and recurring adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of our financial position and operating results. Net revenues and net earnings for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of future or annual results.

You should read these statements in conjunction with our revised consolidated financial statements and related notes for the year ended December 31, 2008 in the Form 8-K we filed with the SEC on November 3, 2009.

Inventories:

Effective January 1, 2009, we changed our method of valuing our U.S. inventories to the average cost method. In prior years, principally all U.S. inventories were valued using the last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) method. With this change, we value all of our inventories using the average cost method. We used the LIFO method to determine the cost of 35% of inventories at December 31, 2008. We believe that the average cost method of accounting for U.S. inventories is preferable and will improve financial reporting by better matching revenues and expenses to current costs, by better aligning our external reporting with our competitors, and by aligning our external reporting with our tax basis of accounting. We revised prior years’ financial statements to conform to the change in accounting policy.

The following line items within the statements of earnings were affected by the change in accounting policy:

 

         For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2009      
         As Computed
under LIFO
   As Reported under
Average Cost
   Favorable /
(Unfavorable)
     
         (in millions, except per share data)      
 

Cost of sales

   $ 6,253    $ 6,262    $ (9  
 

Provision for income taxes

     273      270      3     
 

Earnings from continuing operations

     832      826      (6  
 

Net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods

     830      824      (6  
 

Basic earnings per share attributable
to Kraft Foods:

          
 

Continuing operations

   $ 0.56    $ 0.56    $     
 

Discontinued operations

                   
                          
 

Net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods

   $             0.56    $ 0.56    $     
                          
 

Diluted earnings per share attributable
to Kraft Foods:

          
 

Continuing operations

   $ 0.56    $ 0.55    $ (0.01  
 

Discontinued operations

                   
                          
 

Net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods

   $ 0.56    $ 0.55    $           (0.01  
                          

 

5


         For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2008      
         As Computed
under LIFO
   As Reported under
Average Cost
   Favorable /
(Unfavorable)
     
         (in millions, except per share data)      
 

Cost of sales

   $           7,079    $ 7,096    $ (17  
 

Provision for income taxes

     192      205      (13  
 

Earnings from continuing operations

     550      520      (30  
 

Earnings and gain from discontinued
operations, net of income taxes

     852      845      (7  
 

Net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods

     1,399      1,362      (37  
 

Basic earnings per share attributable
to Kraft Foods:

          
 

Continuing operations

   $ 0.37    $ 0.34    $ (0.03  
 

Discontinued operations

     0.57      0.57          
                          
 

Net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods

   $ 0.94    $ 0.91    $           (0.03  
                          
 

Diluted earnings per share attributable
to Kraft Foods:

          
 

Continuing operations

   $ 0.36    $ 0.34    $ (0.02  
 

Discontinued operations

     0.57      0.57          
                          
 

Net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods

   $ 0.93    $ 0.91    $ (0.02  
                          
         For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2009      
         As Computed
under LIFO
   As Reported under
Average Cost
   Favorable /
(Unfavorable)
     
         (in millions, except per share data)      
 

Cost of sales

   $ 18,826    $ 18,890    $ (64  
 

Provision for income taxes

     1,009      986      23     
 

Earnings from continuing operations

     2,358      2,317      (41  
 

Net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods

     2,352      2,311      (41  
 

Basic earnings per share attributable
to Kraft Foods:

          
 

Continuing operations

   $ 1.59    $ 1.56    $ (0.03  
 

Discontinued operations

                   
                          
 

Net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods

   $ 1.59    $ 1.56    $ (0.03  
                          
 

Diluted earnings per share attributable
to Kraft Foods:

          
 

Continuing operations

   $ 1.58    $ 1.56    $ (0.02  
 

Discontinued operations

                   
                          
 

Net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods

   $ 1.58    $ 1.56    $ (0.02  
                          

 

6


         For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2008         
             As Computed        As Reported under    Favorable /         
         under LIFO    Average Cost        (Unfavorable)             
         (in millions, except per share data)         
 

Cost of sales

   $ 20,769    $ 20,777    $ (8     
 

Provision for income taxes

     818      834      (16     
 

Earnings from continuing operations

     1,769      1,745      (24     
 

Earnings and gain from discontinued
operations, net of income taxes

     975      968      (7     
 

Net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods

     2,737      2,706      (31     
 

Basic earnings per share attributable
to Kraft Foods:

             
 

Continuing operations

   $ 1.16    $ 1.15    $ (0.01     
 

Discontinued operations

     0.65      0.63      (0.02     
                             
 

Net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods

   $ 1.81    $ 1.78    $ (0.03     
                             
 

Diluted earnings per share attributable
to Kraft Foods:

             
 

Continuing operations

   $ 1.15    $ 1.14    $ (0.01     
 

Discontinued operations

     0.64      0.63      (0.01     
                             
 

Net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods

   $ 1.79    $ 1.77    $ (0.02     
                             

 

The following line items within the balance sheets were affected by the change in accounting policy:

 

         September 30, 2009         
             As Computed    
under LIFO
   As Reported under
Average Cost
   Favorable /
    (Unfavorable)    
        
         (in millions)         
 

Inventories, net

   $ 3,985    $ 4,073    $ (88     
 

Deferred income tax asset

     688      654      34        
 

Retained earnings

     14,340      14,394      54        
         December 31, 2008         
             As Computed    
under LIFO
   As Reported under
Average Cost
   Favorable /
    (Unfavorable)    
        
         (in millions)         
 

Inventories, net

   $ 3,729    $ 3,881    $ (152     
 

Deferred income tax asset

     861      804      57        
 

Retained earnings

     13,345      13,440      95        

As a result of the accounting change, retained earnings as of January 1, 2008, increased from $12,209 million, as computed using the LIFO method, to $12,321 million using the average cost method.

There was no impact to net cash provided by operating activities as a result of this change in accounting policy.

Excise Taxes:

Effective January 1, 2009, we changed our classification of certain excise taxes to a net presentation within cost of sales. In prior years, excise taxes were classified gross within net revenues and cost of sales. With this change, we report all of our excise and similar taxes using the net presentation method. We made this change to better align our net revenues between various countries and to provide better clarity to net revenues and margins. We revised prior years’ financial statements to conform to this change. As a result, we removed $61 million for the three months and $183 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2008 from net revenues, and netted the amounts within cost of sales. If we had not made this change, during the three months ended September 30, 2009, net revenues of $9,803 million would have been $9,859 million, and cost of sales of $6,262 million would have been $6,318 million; and during the nine months ended September 30, 2009, net revenues of $29,361 million would have been $29,513 million, and cost of sales of $18,890 million would have been $19,042 million. This change did not have a material impact on our net revenues or cost of sales.

 

7


Reclassification:

Effective January 1, 2009, we changed our cost assignment methodology for headquarter functional costs across our operating structure. As a result, we reclassified $44 million for the three months and $139 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2008 from marketing, administration and research costs to cost of sales. This change did not have an impact on net earnings.

Financial Instruments:

Interest rate cash flow and fair value hedges – We manage interest rate volatility by modifying the repricing or maturity characteristics of certain liabilities so that the net interest margin is not, on a material basis, adversely affected by movements in interest rates. As a result of interest rate fluctuations, hedged fixed-rate liabilities appreciate or depreciate in market value. The effect of this unrealized appreciation or depreciation is expected to be substantially offset by our gains or losses on the derivative instruments that are linked to these hedged liabilities.

We use derivative instruments, including interest rate swaps that have indices related to the pricing of specific liabilities as part of our interest rate risk management strategy. As a matter of policy, we do not use highly leveraged derivative instruments for interest rate risk management. We use interest rate swaps to economically convert a portion of our nonprepayable fixed-rate debt into variable rate debt. Under the interest rate swap contracts, we agree with other parties to exchange, at specified intervals, the difference between fixed-rate and floating-rate interest amounts, which is calculated based on an agreed-upon notional amount. We also use interest rate swaps to hedge the variability of interest payment cash flows on a portion of our future debt obligations. Substantially all of these derivative instruments are highly effective and qualify for hedge accounting treatment.

For those derivative instruments that are highly effective and qualify for hedge accounting treatment, we either record the impacts in current period earnings or defer the effective portion of unrealized gains and losses as a component of accumulated other comprehensive earnings / (losses), depending on whether the hedging relationship satisfies the criteria for a fair value or cash flow hedge. For fair value hedges, we record both (i) the gains or losses on interest rate swaps and (ii) the corresponding changes in fair value of the hedged long-term debt directly as a component of interest and other expense, net. For cash flow hedges, we recognize the deferred portion as a component of interest and other expense, net when we incur the interest expense. The ineffective portion is directly recorded as a component of interest and other expense, net. For the derivative instruments that we consider economic hedges but do not designate for hedge accounting treatment, we recognize gains and losses directly as a component of interest and other expense, net.

Refer to our revised consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2008 for information on all other types of financial instruments we use to hedge exposures.

New Accounting Pronouncements:

In September 2006, new guidance was issued on fair value measurements. The guidance defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. The effective date of the guidance for items recognized or disclosed at fair value on an annual or more frequently recurring basis was January 1, 2008. The effective date of the guidance for all other nonfinancial assets and liabilities was January 1, 2009. As such, we partially adopted the guidance effective January 1, 2008. The partial adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our financial statements. We adopted the remaining provisions effective January 1, 2009. This adoption affects the way that we calculate fair value for our annual impairment review of goodwill and non-amortizable intangible assets, and when conditions exist that require us to calculate the fair value of long-lived assets; however, this adoption did not have a material impact on our financial statements.

In December 2007, new guidance was issued on business combinations. We adopted the guidance effective January 1, 2009. The guidance requires the acquiring entity in a business combination to recognize all assets acquired and liabilities assumed in the transaction; establishes the acquisition-date fair value as the measurement objective for all assets acquired and liabilities assumed; and requires the acquirer to disclose all information needed by investors to understand the nature and financial effect of the business combination. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our financial statements.

In December 2007, new guidance was also issued on noncontrolling interests in consolidated financial statements. We adopted the guidance effective January 1, 2009. The guidance requires us to classify noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries as a separate component of equity instead of within other liabilities. Additionally, transactions between an entity and noncontrolling interests must be treated as equity transactions. Therefore, they no longer are removed from net income, but rather are accounted for as equity. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our financial statements.

 

8


In March 2008, new guidance was issued on required disclosures for derivative instruments and hedging activities. We adopted the guidance effective January 1, 2009. The guidance requires enhanced disclosures about (i) how and why we use derivative instruments, (ii) how we account for derivative instruments and related hedged items, and (iii) how derivative instruments and related hedged items affect our financial results. The adoption of this guidance did not have an impact on our financial statements.

In June 2008, new guidance was issued to assist in determining whether instruments granted in share-based payment transactions are participating securities. We adopted the guidance effective January 1, 2009. The guidance considers unvested share-based payment awards with the right to receive nonforfeitable dividends or their equivalents participating securities that should be included in the calculation of EPS under the two-class method. Accordingly, our restricted and deferred stock awards are now considered participating units in our calculation of EPS. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our financial statements.

In December 2008, new guidance was issued on employers’ disclosures for postretirement benefit plan assets, which is effective for fiscal years ending after December 15, 2009. The literature provides guidance on an employer’s disclosures about plan assets of a defined benefit pension or other postretirement plan. We do not expect our adoption of this guidance to have a material impact on our financial statements.

In May 2009, new guidance was issued on subsequent events that requires management to evaluate subsequent events through the date the financial statements are either issued or available to be issued, depending on the company’s expectation of whether it will widely distribute its financial statements to its shareholders and other financial statement users. Companies are required to disclose the date through which subsequent events have been evaluated. We adopted the guidance effective June 30, 2009.

Note 2.  Divestitures:

Post Cereals Split-off:

On August 4, 2008, we completed the split-off of the Post cereals business into Ralcorp Holdings, Inc., after an exchange with our shareholders. Accordingly, the prior period results of the Post cereals business were reflected as discontinued operations on the condensed consolidated statement of earnings.

Summary results of operations for the Post cereals business for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2008 were as follows:

 

         For the Three
Months Ended
September 30,
2008
    For the Nine
Months Ended
September 30,
2008
               
         (in millions; as revised)                
 

Net revenues

   $ 90      $ 666           
                          
 

(Loss) / earnings before income taxes

     (7     189           
 

Benefit / (provision) for income taxes

     3        (70        
 

Gain on discontinued operations,
net of income taxes

     849        849           
                          
 

Earnings and gain from discontinued
operations, net of income taxes

   $ 845      $ 968           
                          

During the fourth quarter of 2008, we increased our gain on discontinued operations by $77 million to correct for a deferred tax liability related to the split-off of the Post cereals business. As such, our gain from the split-off of the Post cereal business was $926 million. Refer to our revised consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2008 for further details of this transaction.

Other Divestitures:

In September 2009, we reached an agreement to divest a snack bars operation in the U.S. The transaction is subject to customary closing conditions, including regulatory approvals, and we expect it to close in the fourth quarter of 2009 at a small gain.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2009, we received $6 million in proceeds and recorded pre-tax losses of $17 million on the divestitures of a juice operation in Brazil and a plant in Spain.

 

9


Note 3.  Inventories:

Inventories at September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008 were:

 

         September 30,
2009
    December 31,
2008
          
         (in millions; 2008 revised)           
 

Raw materials

   $ 1,587      $ 1,568        
 

Finished product

     2,486        2,313        
                       
 

Inventories, net

   $   4,073      $         3,881        
                       

 

Refer to Note 1, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, for information on the change in our valuation method for U.S. inventories to the average cost method.

 

Note 4.  Goodwill and Intangible Assets:

 

Goodwill by reportable segment was:

 

         September 30,
2009
    December 31,
2008
          
         (in millions; 2008 revised)           
 

Kraft Foods North America:

         
 

U.S. Beverages

   $ 1,290      $ 1,290        
 

U.S. Cheese

     3,000        3,000        
 

U.S. Convenient Meals

     1,460        1,460        
 

U.S. Grocery

     3,046        3,046        
 

U.S. Snacks

     6,965        6,965        
 

Canada & N.A. Foodservice

     2,336        2,306        
 

Kraft Foods Europe (1)

     6,626        5,893        
 

Kraft Foods Developing Markets

     3,894        3,621        
                       
 

Total goodwill

   $ 28,617      $       27,581        
                       
 

 

(1)    This segment was formerly known as European Union.

 

As discussed in Note 14, Segment Reporting, we implemented changes to our operating structure in 2009. As a result of these changes, we aligned the reporting of our Central Europe operations into our Kraft Foods Developing Markets segment and moved $1,534 million of goodwill from Kraft Foods Europe to Kraft Foods Developing Markets as of January 1, 2009. We revised prior period segment results in a consistent manner.

 

Intangible assets were:

 

         September 30,
2009
    December 31,
2008
          
         (in millions)           
 

Non-amortizable intangible assets

   $ 13,145      $ 12,758        
 

Amortizable intangible assets

     273        254        
                       
       13,418        13,012        
 

Accumulated amortization

     (99     (86     
                       
 

Intangible assets, net

   $ 13,319      $       12,926        
                       

Non-amortizable intangible assets consist substantially of brand names purchased through our acquisitions of Nabisco Holdings Corp., the global LU biscuit business of Groupe Danone S.A. and the Spanish and Portuguese operations of United Biscuits. Amortizable intangible assets consist primarily of trademark licenses, customer-related intangibles and non-compete agreements.

 

10


The movements in goodwill and intangible assets were:

 

               Intangible            
         Goodwill     Assets, at Cost            
         (in millions)            
 

Balance at December 31, 2008

   $ 27,581      $ 13,012       
 

Changes due to:

        
 

Foreign currency

     1,036        411       
 

Other

            (5    
                      
 

Balance at September 30, 2009

   $       28,617      $   13,418       
                      

 

Amortization expense for intangible assets was $6 million for the three months and $15 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2009. We currently estimate amortization expense for each of the next five years to be approximately $21 million or less.

 

Note 5.  Restructuring Costs:

 

2004 – 2008 Restructuring Program:

In 2008, we completed our five-year restructuring program (the “Restructuring Program”). The Restructuring Program’s objectives were to leverage our global scale, realign and lower our cost structure, and optimize capacity. As part of the Restructuring Program, we:

 

•      incurred $3.0 billion in pre-tax charges reflecting asset disposals, severance and implementation costs;

•      announced the closure of 35 facilities and announced the elimination of approximately 18,800 positions; and

•      will use cash to pay for $2.0 billion of the $3.0 billion in charges.

 

In the second quarter of 2009, we sold a plant in Spain that we previously announced we would close under our Restructuring Program. Accordingly, we reversed $35 million in Restructuring Program charges, primarily related to severance, and recorded a $17 million loss on the divestiture of the plant in the second quarter of 2009. The reversal of the Restructuring Program costs, which affected the segment operating income of the Kraft Foods Europe segment, was recorded within asset impairment and exit costs. Since the inception of the Restructuring Program, we have paid cash for $1.6 billion of the $2.0 billion in expected cash payments, including $123 million paid in the first nine months of 2009. At September 30, 2009, we had an accrual of $366 million, and we had eliminated approximately 16,500 positions under the Restructuring Program.

 

Restructuring liability activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 was:

 

         Severance     Other     Total      
         (in millions)      
 

Liability balance, January 1, 2009

   $ 444      $ 45      $ 489     
 

Reversal of charges

     (32     (3     (35  
 

Cash spent

     (117     (6     (123  
 

Currency

     36        (1     35     
                            
 

Liability balance, September 30, 2009

   $         331      $           35      $           366     
                            

Our 2009 activity was related to the aforementioned reversal of $35 million and cash outflows on prior year Restructuring Program charges. Our prior year severance charges included the cost of benefits received by terminated employees. Other prior year costs related primarily to the renegotiation of supplier contract costs, workforce reductions associated with facility closings and the termination of leasing agreements.

Note 6.  Debt:

On September 3, 2009, we redeemed our November 2011, 7% $200 million debenture at par value. Upon redemption, we recorded a loss of $14 million within interest and other expense, net which represented the write-off of the remaining discount.

 

11


Note 7.  Accumulated Other Comprehensive Losses:

The components of accumulated other comprehensive earnings / (losses) were:

 

         Currency           Derivatives        
         Translation     Pension and     Accounted for        
         Adjustments     Other Benefits     as Hedges     Total  
         (in millions)  
 

Balances at December 31, 2008

   $ (2,399   $ (3,572   $ (23   $ (5,994
 

Other comprehensive earnings /
(losses), net of income taxes:

        
 

Currency translation adjustments

     1,598        (116            1,482   
 

Amortization of experience losses
and prior service costs

            96               96   
 

Settlement losses

            50               50   
 

Net actuarial loss arising during
period

            (12            (12
 

Change in fair value of cash flow
hedges

                   23        23   
                
 

Total other comprehensive earnings

           1,639   
                                  
 

Balances at September 30, 2009

   $                   (801   $             (3,554)      $                        –      $               (4,355
                                  

Note 8.  Stock Plans:

At our annual meeting of shareholders held on May 20, 2009, our shareholders approved the Kraft Foods Inc. Amended and Restated 2005 Performance Incentive Plan. The amended plan includes, among other provisions, a limit on the number of shares that may be granted under the plan, vesting restrictions and a prohibition on stock option repricing. Under the amended plan, we are authorized to issue a maximum of 168.0 million shares of our Common Stock. As of the effective date of the amendment, there were 92.1 million shares available to be granted under the plan, of which no more than 27.5 million shares may be awarded as restricted or deferred stock.

In January 2009, we granted 1.4 million shares of stock in connection with our long-term incentive plan. The market value per share was $27.00 on the date of grant. The unvested shares have no voting rights and do not pay dividends.

In February 2009, as part of our annual incentive program, we issued 4.1 million shares of restricted and deferred stock to eligible U.S. and non-U.S. employees. The market value per restricted or deferred share was $23.64 on the date of grant. Also, as part of our annual incentive program, we granted 16.3 million stock options to eligible U.S. and non-U.S. employees at an exercise price of $23.64.

We also issued 0.2 million off-cycle shares of restricted and deferred stock during the first nine months of 2009. The weighted-average market value per restricted or deferred share was $25.45 on the date of grant. In aggregate, we issued 5.7 million restricted and deferred shares during the first nine months of 2009, including those issued as part of our long-term incentive plan.

During the first nine months of 2009, 5.4 million shares of restricted and deferred stock vested at a market value of $136 million. There were 4.0 million stock options exercised during the first nine months of 2009 with a total intrinsic value of $44 million.

 

12


Note 9.  Benefit Plans:

Pension Plans

Components of Net Periodic Pension Cost:

Net periodic pension cost consisted of the following for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008:

 

         U.S. Plans     Non-U.S. Plans  
         For the Three Months Ended
September 30,
    For the Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
         2009     2008     2009     2008  
         (in millions)  
 

Service cost

   $ 36      $ 37      $ 15      $ 23   
 

Interest cost

     92        93        54        56   
 

Expected return on plan assets

     (122     (131     (60     (73
 

Amortization:

        
 

Net loss from experience differences

     41        21        6        7   
 

Prior service cost

     2        2        1        2   
 

Settlement losses

     15        20               1   
                                  
 

Net periodic pension cost

   $            64      $            42      $            16      $            16   
                                  
         U.S. Plans     Non-U.S. Plans  
         For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,
    For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
         2009     2008     2009     2008  
         (in millions)  
 

Service cost

   $ 114      $ 112      $ 45      $ 70   
 

Interest cost

     276        279        156        169   
 

Expected return on plan assets

     (364     (394     (175     (219
 

Amortization:

        
 

Net loss from experience differences

     120        64        17        22   
 

Prior service cost

     5        5        4        6   
 

Settlement losses

     81        41               1   
                                  
 

Net periodic pension cost

   $ 232      $ 107      $ 47      $ 49   
                                  

The following costs are included within settlement losses above. Severance payments from our cost savings initiatives and retired employees who elected lump-sum payments resulted in settlement losses for our U.S. plans of $15 million for the three months and $81 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2009, and $20 million for the three months and $41 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2008. Our non-U.S. plans also incurred a $1 million curtailment charge in the third quarter of 2008 related to the split-off of the Post cereals business.

Employer Contributions:

We make contributions to our U.S. and non-U.S. pension plans, primarily to the extent that they are tax deductible and do not generate an excise tax liability. During the first nine months of 2009, we contributed $225 million to our U.S. plans (including a $200 million contribution made on May 1, 2009) and $124 million to our non-U.S. plans. Based on current tax law, we plan to make further contributions of approximately $15 million to our U.S. plans and approximately $45 million to our non-U.S. plans during the remainder of 2009. However, our actual contributions may differ due to many factors, including changes in tax and other benefit laws, or significant differences between expected and actual pension asset performance or interest rates.

 

13


Postretirement Benefit Plans

Net postretirement health care costs consisted of the following for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008:

 

         For the Three Months Ended
September 30,
    For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
         2009     2008     2009     2008  
         (in millions)  
 

Service cost

   $ 7      $ 11      $ 26      $ 33   
 

Interest cost

     43        46        130        137   
 

Amortization:

        
 

Net loss from experience differences

     11        14        33        42   
 

Prior service credit

     (8     (7     (24     (21
                                  
 

Net postretirement health care costs

   $            53      $            64      $           165      $           191   
                                  

 

Postemployment Benefit Plans

 

  

Net postemployment costs consisted of the following for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008:

  

         For the Three Months Ended
September 30,
    For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
         2009     2008     2009     2008  
         (in millions)  
 

Service cost

   $ 2      $ 1      $ 6      $ 3   
 

Interest cost

     3        2        6        5   
 

Amortization of net (gains) / losses

     (1            2        (1
 

Other (credits) / costs

            22        (7     145   
                                  
 

Net postemployment costs

   $ 4      $ 25      $ 7      $ 152   
                                  

The following costs are included within other (credits) / costs above. We incurred severance charges of $25 million during the second quarter of 2009 related to our Kraft Foods Europe Reorganization. We also reversed $32 million in severance charges in the second quarter of 2009 related to our Restructuring Program as we sold a plant in Spain that we previously announced we would close under the program. Additionally, the postemployment cost of workforce reduction initiatives announced under the Restructuring Program was $22 million during the three months and $145 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2008.

 

14


Note 10.  Financial Instruments:

Fair Value of Derivative Instruments:

The fair values of derivative instruments recorded in the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2009 were:

 

         September 30, 2009              
         Asset
Derivatives
    Liability
Derivatives
             
         (in millions)              
 

Derivatives designated as
hedging instruments:

        
 

Foreign exchange contracts

   $ 7      $ 239       
 

Commodity contracts

     12        64       
 

Interest rate contracts

     29              
                      
     $ 48      $ 303       
                      
 

Derivatives not designated as
hedging instruments:

        
 

Foreign exchange contracts

   $ 1      $ 4       
 

Commodity contracts

     83        134       
                      
     $ 84      $ 138       
                      
 

Total fair value

   $         132      $         441       
                      

 

We include the fair value of our asset derivatives within other current assets and the fair value of our liability derivatives within other current liabilities.

 

The fair values (asset / (liability)) of our derivative instruments at September 30, 2009 were determined using:

 

   

  

         Total
Fair Value
    Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets

(Level 1)
    Significant
Other Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
    Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
         (in millions)  
 

Foreign exchange contracts

   $ (235   $      $ (235   $   
 

Commodity contracts

     (103     (106     3          
 

Interest rate contracts

     29               29          
                                  
 

Total derivatives

   $                 (309   $            (106   $          (203   $                      –   
                                  

 

Cash Flow Hedges:

Cash flow hedges affected accumulated other comprehensive earnings / (losses), net of income taxes, as follows:

 

  

  

         For the Three Months Ended
September 30,
    For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
         2009     2008     2009     2008  
         (in millions)  
 

Accumulated gain / (loss) at beginning

of period

   $ 29      $ 48      $ (23   $ 27   
 

Transfer of realized (gains) / losses in

fair value to earnings

     (2     (2     87        (4
 

Unrealized loss in fair value

     (27     (30     (64     (7
                                  
 

Accumulated gain at September 30

   $      $ 16      $      $ 16   
                                  

 

15


The effect of cash flow hedges for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 was:

 

         For the Three Months Ended     For the Nine Months Ended  
         September 30, 2009     September 30, 2009  
         Gain / (Loss)
Recognized
in OCI
    (Gain) / Loss
Reclassified
from AOCI
into Earnings
    Gain / (Loss)
Recognized
in OCI
    (Gain) / Loss
Reclassified
from AOCI
into Earnings
 
         (in millions)  
 

Foreign exchange contracts –
intercompany loans

   $ 4      $      $ 5      $   
 

Foreign exchange contracts –
forecasted transactions

     (13     (11     (36     (39
 

Commodity contracts

     (11     9        (47     126   
 

Interest rate contracts

     (7            14          
                                  
 

Total

   $ (27   $ (2   $ (64   $ 87   
                                  
         Gain /(Loss) on Ineffectiveness
Recognized in Earnings
    Gain / (Loss) on Amount
Excluded from Effectiveness
Testing Recognized in Earnings
 
         For the Three
Months Ended
September 30,
2009
    For the Nine
Months Ended
September 30,
2009
    For the Three
Months Ended
September 30,
2009
    For the Nine
Months Ended
September 30,
2009
 
         (in millions)  
 

Foreign exchange contracts –
intercompany loans

   $      $      $      $   
 

Foreign exchange contracts –
forecasted transactions

                            
 

Commodity contracts

            2        1        1   
 

Interest rate contracts

                            
                                  
 

Total

   $      $ 2      $ 1      $ 1   
                                  

We record (i) the gain or loss reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive earnings / (losses) into earnings, (ii) the gain or loss on ineffectiveness, and (iii) the gain or loss on the amount excluded from effectiveness testing in:

 

   

cost of sales for commodity contracts;

   

cost of sales or marketing, administration and research costs for foreign exchange contracts related to forecasted transactions, depending on the type of transaction; and

   

interest and other expense, net for interest rate contracts and foreign exchange contracts related to intercompany loans.

We expect to transfer unrealized losses of $35 million (net of taxes) for commodity cash flow hedges and unrealized gains of $3 million (net of taxes) for foreign currency cash flow hedges to earnings during the next 12 months. As of September 30, 2009, we had hedged forecasted:

 

   

commodity transactions for periods not exceeding the next 15 months;

   

interest rate transactions for periods not exceeding the next 145 months; and

   

foreign currency transactions for periods not exceeding the next 27 months, and excluding intercompany loans, we had hedged forecasted foreign currency transactions for periods not exceeding the next 9 months.

 

16


Fair Value Hedges:

The effect of fair value hedges for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 was:

 

         For the Three Months Ended
September 30, 2009
    For the Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2009
 
         Gain / (Loss)
Recognized in
Income on
Derivatives
    Gain / (Loss)
Recognized in
Income on
Borrowings
    Gain / (Loss)
Recognized in
Income on
Derivatives
   Gain / (Loss)
Recognized in
Income on
Borrowings
 
         (in millions)  
 

Interest rate contracts

   $                  8      $                 (8   $                  7    $                 (7
We include the gain or loss on hedged long-term debt and the offsetting loss or gain on the related interest rate swap in interest and other expense, net.    
Hedges of Net Investments in Foreign Operations:   
The effect of hedges of net investments in foreign operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 was:   
         Gain / (Loss)
Recognized in OCI
            
         For the Three
Months Ended
September 30,
2009
    For the Nine
Months Ended
September 30,
2009
    Location of
Gain / (Loss)
Recorded in
AOCI
      
         (in millions)             
          

 

Currency

Translation

  
 

Euro notes

   $ (110   $ (122     Adjustment   
Economic Hedges:   
The effect of economic hedges, derivatives that are not designated as hedging instruments, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 was:    
         Gain / (Loss)
Recognized in Earnings
            
         For the Three
Months Ended
September 30,
2009
    For the Nine
Months Ended
September 30,
2009
    Location of
Gain / (Loss)
Recognized

in Earnings
      
         (in millions)             
 

Foreign exchange contracts – intercompany
loans and forecasted interest payments

   $ (4   $ (12     Interest expense   
 

Foreign exchange contracts –
forecasted transactions

     (2     (8     Cost of sales   
 

Commodity contracts

     (7     9        Cost of sales   
                       
 

Total

   $ (13   $ (11     
                       

For commodity contracts not designated as hedging instruments, we recognized net losses of approximately $128 million during the three months and net gains of approximately $149 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2008, directly as a component of cost of sales. See our revised consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2008 for additional information on our purpose for entering into derivatives not designated as hedging instruments and our overall risk management strategies.

 

17


Volume:

As of September 30, 2009, we had the following outstanding hedges:

 

         Notional
Amount
                   
         (in millions)                    
 

Foreign exchange contracts –
intercompany loans

   $     2,238            
 

Foreign exchange contracts –
forecasted transactions

     642            
 

Commodity contracts

     1,820            
 

Interest rate contracts

     1,150            
 

Net investment hedge – euro notes

     4,172            

Note 11.  Commitments and Contingencies:

Legal Proceedings:

We are involved, from time to time, in legal proceedings, claims, and governmental inspections or investigations, arising in the ordinary course of our business. While we cannot predict with certainty the results of these matters, we do not expect that the ultimate costs to resolve these matters will have a material effect on our financial results.

Third-Party Guarantees:

We have third-party guarantees primarily covering the long-term obligations of our vendors. As part of those transactions, we guarantee that third parties will make contractual payments or achieve performance measures. At September 30, 2009, the carrying amount of our third-party guarantees on our condensed consolidated balance sheet and the maximum potential payment under these guarantees was $30 million. Substantially all of these guarantees expire at various times through 2018.

Note 12.  Income Taxes:

As of January 1, 2009, our unrecognized tax benefits were $807 million. If we had recognized all of these benefits, the net impact on our income tax provision would have been $612 million. During the nine months ended September 30, 2009, we recognized $173 million of previously unrecognized tax benefits due to an agreement we reached with the IRS on specific matters, settlements with various foreign and state tax authorities, and the expiration of the statute of limitations in various jurisdictions. In addition, unrecognized tax benefits increased $110 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2009 for additions based on current year tax positions, prior year tax positions and adjustments for currency. As a result, our net unrecognized tax benefits decreased $63 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2009. We expect that the amount of unrecognized tax benefits will decrease by $60 million during the next 12 months due to various audit settlements and the expiration of statutes of limitations. We include accrued interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions in our tax provision. As of January 1, 2009, we had $239 million of accrued interest and penalties. The decrease in accrued interest and penalties during the nine months ended September 30, 2009 was $53 million.

We are regularly examined by various federal, state and foreign tax authorities. The U.S. federal statute of limitations remains open for the year 2000 and onward. Years 2000 through 2003 are currently under examination by the IRS, and during the third quarter of 2009, we reached an agreement with the IRS on specific matters relating to those tax years. We expect the years under audit by the IRS to close during 2010. We are also currently under examination by taxing authorities in various U.S. state and foreign jurisdictions. U.S. state and foreign jurisdictions have statutes of limitations generally ranging from three to five years. Years still open to examination by foreign tax authorities in major jurisdictions include Germany (1999 onward), Brazil (2002 onward), Canada (2003 onward), Spain (2002 onward) and France (2006 onward).

 

18


Note 13.  Earnings Per Share:

Basic and diluted EPS were calculated using the following:

 

         For the Three Months Ended
September 30,
   For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,
         2009    2008    2009    2008
         (in millions, except per share data; 2008 revised)
 

Earnings from continuing operations

   $ 826    $ 520    $ 2,317    $ 1,745
 

Earnings and gain from discontinued
operations, net of income taxes

          845           968
                             
 

Net earnings

     826      1,365      2,317      2,713
 

Noncontrolling interest

     2      3      6      7
                             
 

Net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods

   $        824    $     1,362    $     2,311    $     2,706
                             
 

Weighted-average shares for basic EPS

     1,479      1,493      1,477      1,516
 

Plus incremental shares from assumed
conversions of stock options and
long-term incentive plan shares

     8      10      8      11
                             
 

Weighted-average shares for diluted EPS

     1,487      1,503      1,485      1,527
                             
 

Basic earnings per share attributable
to Kraft Foods:

           
 

Continuing operations

   $ 0.56    $ 0.34    $ 1.56    $ 1.15
 

Discontinued operations

          0.57           0.63
                             
 

Net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods

   $ 0.56    $ 0.91    $ 1.56    $ 1.78
                             
 

Diluted earnings per share attributable
to Kraft Foods:

           
 

Continuing operations

   $ 0.55    $ 0.34    $ 1.56    $ 1.14
 

Discontinued operations

          0.57           0.63
                             
 

Net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods

   $ 0.55    $ 0.91    $ 1.56    $ 1.77
                             

We exclude antidilutive Kraft Foods stock options from our calculation of weighted-average shares for diluted EPS. We excluded 23.2 million antidilutive options for the three months and 23.3 million antidilutive options for the nine months ended September 30, 2009, and we excluded 0.3 million antidilutive options for the three months and 0.6 million antidilutive options for the nine months ended September 30, 2008.

Note 14.  Segment Reporting:

Effective January 2009, we began implementing changes to our operating structure based on our Organizing For Growth initiative and the Kraft Foods Europe Reorganization. In line with our strategies, we are reorganizing our European operations to function on a pan-European centralized category management and value chain model, and we changed how we work in Europe in two key ways:

 

   

We transitioned our European Biscuit, Chocolate, Coffee and Cheese categories to fully integrated business units, further strengthening our focus on these core categories. To ensure decisions are made faster and closer to our customers and consumers, each category is fully accountable for its financial results, including marketing, manufacturing and R&D. Category leadership, based in Zurich, Switzerland, reports to the Kraft Foods Europe President. These business units now comprise the Kraft Foods Europe segment.

   

We aligned the reporting of our Central Europe operations into our Kraft Foods Developing Markets segment to help build critical scale in these countries. We operate a country-led model in these markets.

We manufacture and market packaged food products, including snacks, beverages, cheese, convenient meals and various packaged grocery products. We manage and report operating results through three commercial units: Kraft Foods North America, Kraft Foods Europe and Kraft Foods Developing Markets. We manage the operations of Kraft Foods North America and Kraft Foods Europe by product category, and we manage the operations of Kraft Foods Developing Markets by geographic location. Our reportable segments are U.S. Beverages, U.S. Cheese, U.S. Convenient Meals, U.S. Grocery, U.S. Snacks, Canada & North America Foodservice, Kraft Foods Europe (formerly known as European Union) and Kraft Foods Developing Markets.

 

19


Management uses segment operating income to evaluate segment performance and allocate resources. We believe it is appropriate to disclose this measure to help investors analyze segment performance and trends. Segment operating income excludes unrealized gains and losses on hedging activities (which are a component of cost of sales), certain components of our U.S. pension plan cost (which is a component of cost of sales and marketing, administration and research costs), general corporate expenses (which are a component of marketing, administration and research costs) and amortization of intangibles for all periods presented. In 2009, we began excluding certain components of our U.S. pension plan cost from segment operating income because we centrally manage pension plan funding decisions and the determination of discount rate, expected rate of return on plan assets and other actuarial assumptions. Therefore, we allocate only the service cost component of our U.S. pension plan expense to segment operating income. We exclude the unrealized gains and losses on hedging activities from segment operating income in order to provide better transparency of our segment operating results. Once realized, the gains and losses on hedging activities are recorded within segment operating results. Furthermore, we centrally manage interest and other expense, net. Accordingly, we do not present these items by segment because they are excluded from the segment profitability measure that management reviews.

Segment data were:

 

         For the Three Months Ended    For the Nine Months Ended
         September 30,    September 30,
         2009    2008    2009    2008
         (in millions; 2008 revised)
 

Net revenues:

           
 

Kraft Foods North America:

           
 

U.S. Beverages

   $ 754    $ 743    $ 2,373    $ 2,304
 

U.S. Cheese

     824      919      2,605      2,848
 

U.S. Convenient Meals

     1,135      1,081      3,418      3,202
 

U.S. Grocery

     778      802      2,569      2,506
 

U.S. Snacks

     1,232      1,274      3,717      3,736
 

Canada & N.A. Foodservice

     1,055      1,109      2,989      3,279
 

Kraft Foods Europe

     2,070      2,338      6,081      7,239
 

Kraft Foods Developing Markets

     1,955      2,135      5,609      6,137
                             
  Net revenues    $        9,803    $      10,401    $      29,361    $      31,251
                             

 

20


         For the Three Months Ended     For the Nine Months Ended  
         September 30,     September 30,  
         2009     2008     2009     2008  
         (in millions; 2008 revised)  
 

Earnings from continuing operations
before income taxes:

        
 

Operating income:

        
 

Segment Operating Income:

        
 

Kraft Foods North America:

        
 

U.S. Beverages

   $ 133      $ 83      $ 443      $ 363   
 

U.S. Cheese

     166        148        463        373   
 

U.S. Convenient Meals

     127        79        409        275   
 

U.S. Grocery

     258        236        859        781   
 

U.S. Snacks

     196        190        530        532   
 

Canada & N.A. Foodservice

     156        153        386        391   
 

Kraft Foods Europe

     211        115        565        348   
 

Kraft Foods Developing Markets

     285        279        745        715   
 

Unrealized gains / (losses) on
hedging activities

     19        (141     140        (38
 

Certain U.S. pension plan costs

     (27            (121       
 

General corporate expenses

     (99     (112     (186     (209
 

Amortization of intangibles

     (6     (7     (15     (18
                                  
 

Operating income

     1,419        1,023        4,218        3,513   
 

Interest and other expense, net

     323        298        915        934   
                                  
 

Earnings from continuing operations
before income taxes

   $        1,096      $             725      $          3,303      $          2,579   
                                  

 

Asset Impairment Charges – In the second quarter of 2009, we recorded a $9 million asset impairment charge to write-off an investment in Norway. The charge was recorded within asset impairment and exit costs within the segment operating income of Kraft Foods Europe.

 

Unrealized Gains / (Losses) on Hedging Activities – We recognized gains on the change in unrealized hedging positions of $19 million for the three months and $140 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2009, and losses of $141 million for the three months and $38 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2008.

 

Net revenues by consumer sector, which includes Kraft macaroni and cheese dinners in the Convenient Meals sector and the separation of Canada & N.A. Foodservice, and Kraft Foods Europe and Kraft Foods Developing Markets into sector components, were:

 

    

    

   

         For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2009  
                     Kraft Foods        
         Kraft Foods     Kraft Foods     Developing        
         North America     Europe     Markets     Total  
         (in millions)  
 

Snacks

   $ 1,486      $ 1,077      $ 1,051      $ 3,614   
 

Beverages

     881        572        518        1,971   
 

Cheese

     1,174        244        216        1,634   
 

Grocery

     706        96        140        942   
 

Convenient Meals

     1,531        81        30        1,642   
                                  
 

Total net revenues

   $       5,778      $       2,070      $       1,955      $       9,803   
                                  

 

21


         For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2008
         Kraft Foods
North America
   Kraft Foods
Europe
   Kraft Foods
Developing
Markets
   Total
         (in millions; as revised)
 

Snacks

   $ 1,525    $ 1,233    $ 1,205    $ 3,963
 

Beverages

     871      629      547      2,047
 

Cheese

     1,298      280      207      1,785
 

Grocery

     748      106      149      1,003
 

Convenient Meals

     1,486      90      27      1,603
                             
 

Total net revenues

   $ 5,928    $         2,338    $         2,135    $       10,401
                             
         For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2009
         Kraft Foods
North America
   Kraft Foods
Europe
   Kraft Foods
Developing
Markets
   Total
         (in millions)
 

Snacks

   $ 4,379    $ 3,213    $ 3,043    $ 10,635
 

Beverages

     2,727      1,676      1,476      5,879
 

Cheese

     3,593      706      604      4,903
 

Grocery

     2,408      271      400      3,079
 

Convenient Meals

     4,564      215      86      4,865
                             
 

Total net revenues

   $ 17,671    $ 6,081    $ 5,609    $ 29,361
                             
         For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2008
         Kraft Foods
North America
   Kraft Foods
Europe
   Kraft Foods
Developing
Markets
   Total
         (in millions; as revised)
 

Snacks

   $ 4,414    $ 3,858    $ 3,466    $ 11,738
 

Beverages

     2,688      1,943      1,564      6,195
 

Cheese

     3,999      865      614      5,478
 

Grocery

     2,450      307      416      3,173
 

Convenient Meals

     4,324      266      77      4,667
                             
 

Total net revenues

   $ 17,875    $ 7,239    $ 6,137    $ 31,251
                             

Note 15.  Subsequent Events:

On September 7, 2009, we disclosed that we approached the Board of Cadbury plc (“Cadbury”) with a proposal to combine the two companies. The Board of Cadbury has rejected this proposal. We remain interested in working toward a recommended transaction. We proposed an offer for Cadbury (the “Possible Offer”) of 300 pence in cash and 0.2589 new Kraft Foods shares per Cadbury share. This valued each Cadbury share at 745 pence (based on the closing price of $28.10 for a Kraft Foods share on September 4, 2009 and an exchange rate of 1.6346 $/£) and valued the entire issued share capital of Cadbury at £10.2 billion (approximately $16.7 billion). The combination would build on Kraft Foods’ position as a global powerhouse in snacks, confectionery and quick meals with a rich portfolio of iconic brands.

The Possible Offer contained several criteria, including our ability to obtain satisfactory financing, that we would maintain an investment-grade credit rating, and the right to change our offer at any time.

Pursuant to the U.K. City Code on Takeovers and Mergers, the U.K. Takeover Panel set a deadline of November 9, 2009 for us to formally make an offer for Cadbury, or walk away.

We evaluated subsequent events through November 3, 2009 and included all accounting and disclosure requirements related to subsequent events in our financial statements.

 

22


Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

Description of the Company

We manufacture and market packaged food products, including snacks, beverages, cheese, convenient meals and various packaged grocery products. We have operations in more than 70 countries and sell our products in approximately 150 countries.

Executive Summary

This executive summary provides significant highlights of the Discussion and Analysis that follows.

 

   

Net revenues decreased 5.7% to $9.8 billion in the third quarter of 2009 and decreased 6.0% to $29.4 billion in the first nine months of 2009 as compared to the same periods in the prior year.

 

   

Diluted EPS decreased 39.6% to $0.55 in the third quarter of 2009 and decreased 11.9% to $1.56 in the first nine months of 2009 as compared to the same periods in the prior year.

 

   

Diluted EPS from continuing operations increased 61.8% in the third quarter of 2009 and increased 36.8% in the first nine months of 2009 as compared to the same periods in the prior year.

 

   

On August 4, 2008, we completed the split-off of the Post cereals business. Accordingly, the prior period results of the Post cereals business were reflected as discontinued operations on the condensed consolidated statement of earnings.

 

   

Our $5.0 billion share repurchase authority expired on March 30, 2009. Prior to the expiration, we repurchased 130.9 million shares for $4.3 billion under the program. We have not repurchased any shares in 2009.

Discussion and Analysis

Items Affecting Comparability of Financial Results

Divestitures

Post Cereals Split-off:

On August 4, 2008, we completed the split-off of the Post cereals business into Ralcorp Holdings, Inc., after an exchange with our shareholders. Accordingly, the prior period results of the Post cereals business were reflected as discontinued operations on the condensed consolidated statement of earnings.

Summary results of operations for the Post cereals business for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2008 were as follows:

 

         For the Three
Months Ended

September 30,
2008
    For the Nine
Months Ended

September 30,
2008
          
         (in millions; as revised)           
 

Net revenues

   $ 90      $ 666        
                       
 

(Loss) / earnings before income taxes

     (7     189        
 

Benefit / (provision) for income taxes

     3        (70     
 

Gain on discontinued operations,
net of income taxes

     849        849        
                       
 

Earnings and gain from discontinued
operations, net of income taxes

   $ 845      $ 968        
                       

 

23


During the fourth quarter of 2008, we increased our gain on discontinued operations by $77 million to correct for a deferred tax liability related to the split-off of the Post cereals business. As such, our gain from the split-off of the Post cereal business was $926 million. Refer to our revised Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations for the year ended December 31, 2008 in the Form 8-K we filed with the SEC on November 3, 2009 for further details of this transaction.

Other Divestitures:

In September 2009, we reached an agreement to divest a snack bars operation in the U.S. The transaction is subject to customary closing conditions, including regulatory approvals, and we expect it to close in the fourth quarter of 2009 at a small gain.

During the first nine months of 2009, we received $6 million in proceeds and recorded pre-tax losses of $17 million, or $0.01 per diluted share, on the divestitures of a juice operation in Brazil and a plant in Spain.

During the first nine months of 2008, we recorded pre-tax losses of $93 million, or $0.04 per diluted share, primarily related to the divestitures of several operations in Spain. In aggregate, we received $38 million in net proceeds from divestitures, which included $38 million of disbursements made for transaction fees related to the split-off of the Post cereals business. Separately, we divested a biscuit operation in Spain and a trademark in Hungary that we previously acquired as part of the acquisition of the global LU biscuit business of Groupe Danone S.A. (“LU Biscuit”). Accordingly, we reflected the impacts as adjustments to the purchase price allocations.

The operating results of these divestitures were not material to our financial statements in any of the periods presented, neither individually nor in the aggregate.

Restructuring Costs

2004 – 2008 Restructuring Program:

In 2008, we completed our five-year restructuring program (the “Restructuring Program”). The Restructuring Program’s objectives were to leverage our global scale, realign and lower our cost structure, and optimize capacity. As part of the Restructuring Program, we:

 

   

incurred $3.0 billion in pre-tax charges reflecting asset disposals, severance and implementation costs;

   

announced the closure of 35 facilities and announced the elimination of approximately 18,800 positions;

   

will use cash to pay for $2.0 billion of the $3.0 billion in charges; and

   

anticipate reaching cumulative, annualized savings of $1.4 billion for the total program.

In the second quarter of 2009, we sold a plant in Spain that we previously announced we would close under our Restructuring Program. Accordingly, we reversed $35 million in Restructuring Program charges, primarily related to severance (resulting in a favorable impact to diluted EPS of $0.02), and recorded a $17 million loss on the divestiture of the plant (resulting in an unfavorable impact to diluted EPS of $0.01) in the second quarter of 2009. The reversal of the Restructuring Program costs, which affected the segment operating income of the Kraft Foods Europe segment, was recorded within asset impairment and exit costs. We incurred charges under the Restructuring Program of $90 million, or $0.04 per diluted share, during the three months and $309 million, or $0.14 per diluted share, during the nine months ended September 30, 2008. Since the inception of the Restructuring Program, we have paid cash for $1.6 billion of the $2.0 billion in expected cash payments, including $123 million paid in the first nine months of 2009. At September 30, 2009, we had an accrual of $366 million, and we had eliminated approximately 16,500 positions under the Restructuring Program.

Under the Restructuring Program, we recorded asset impairment and exit costs of $68 million during the three months and $251 million during nine months ended September 30, 2008. We recorded implementation costs of $22 million during the three months and $58 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2008 within cost of sales and marketing, administration and research costs. Implementation costs are directly attributable to exit costs; however, they do not qualify for treatment under guidance related to accounting for costs associated with exit or disposal activities. These costs primarily included the discontinuation of less profitable product lines, incremental expenses related to the closure of facilities, the Electronic Data Systems transition and the reorganization of our European operations. Management believes the disclosure of implementation charges provides readers of our financial statements greater transparency to the total costs of our Restructuring Program.

Asset Impairment Charges

In October 2008, we divested a Nordic and Baltic snacks operation. We recorded an asset impairment charge of $55 million, or $0.03 per diluted share, in the third quarter of 2008 in connection with the anticipated divestiture. This charge primarily included the write-off of associated goodwill of $34 million and property, plant and equipment of $16 million, and was recorded within asset impairment and exit costs.

 

24


Provision for Income Taxes

Our effective tax rate was 24.6% for the third quarter of 2009 and 29.9% for the first nine months of 2009. Our third quarter 2009 effective tax rate included net tax benefits of $143 million, primarily due to an agreement we reached with the IRS on specific matters, settlements with various foreign and state tax authorities, and the expiration of the statute of limitations in various jurisdictions. For the first nine months of 2009, our effective tax rate included net tax benefits of $205 million primarily due to an agreement we reached with the IRS on specific matters, settlements with various foreign and state tax authorities, and the expiration of the statute of limitations in various jurisdictions.

Our effective tax rate was 28.3% for the third quarter of 2008 and 32.3% for the first nine months of 2008. Our effective tax rate included net tax benefits of $23 million in the third quarter of 2008, primarily related to the impact of a return-to-provision adjustment and a reconciliation of our inventory of deferred tax items that resulted in a write-down of our net deferred tax liabilities. For the first nine months of 2008, our effective tax rate included net tax benefits of $102 million, primarily related to the tax impact from the divestitures of several operations in Spain, the resolution of state tax audits and the resolution of outstanding items in our international operations.

Consolidated Results of Operations

The following discussion compares our consolidated results of operations for the three months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008.

Three Months Ended September 30:

         For the Three Months Ended
September 30,
         
         2009    2008    $ change    % change
        

(in millions, except per

share data; 2008 revised)

         
 

Net revenues

   $ 9,803    $ 10,401    $ (598)    (5.7%)
 

Operating income

     1,419      1,023      396    38.7%
 

Earnings from continuing operations

     826      520      306    58.8%
 

Net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods

     824      1,362      (538)    (39.5%)
 

Diluted earnings per share attributable
to Kraft Foods

               0.55              0.91              (0.36)            (39.6%)

 

Net Revenues – Net revenues decreased $598 million (5.7%) to $9,803 million in the third quarter of 2009, due to the following:

 

 

Change in net revenues (by percentage point)

           
 

Unfavorable foreign currency

        (5.6)pp      
 

Impact of divestitures

        (0.6)pp      
 

2008 favorable resolution of Brazilian value added
tax claim

        (0.2)pp      
 

Favorable volume/mix

        0.7pp      
                 
 

Total change in net revenues

              (5.7)%      
                 

Unfavorable foreign currency decreased net revenues by $578 million, due primarily to the strength of the U.S. dollar against the euro, Ukrainian hryvnia, Russian ruble, Brazilian real, Canadian dollar, Polish zloty and British pound. The impact of divestitures and the absence of the 2008 favorable resolution of a Brazilian value added tax claim also had an unfavorable impact on revenues. The decrease in net revenues was partially offset by favorable volume/mix. The favorable volume/mix impact on revenues was driven by improved product mix across all reportable segments except U.S. Snacks, U.S. Cheese and Canada & N.A. Foodservice. This was partially offset by volume declines in Kraft Foods Developing Markets, U.S. Beverages, U.S. Grocery and Kraft Foods Europe, in part due to the discontinuation of less profitable product lines.

 

25


Operating Income – Operating income increased $396 million (38.7%) to $1,419 million in the third quarter of 2009, due to the following:

 

         Operating          
         Income    Change     
         (in millions)    (percentage point)     
 

Operating Income for the Three Months Ended
September 30, 2008 (as revised)

   $ 1,023      
 

Change in operating income

        
 

Lower input costs

     213    17.2pp   
 

Favorable volume/mix

     89    7.2pp   
 

Higher marketing, administration and research costs

     (133)    (9.5)pp   
 

Change in unrealized gains on hedging activities

     160    12.9pp   
 

Lower Restructuring Program costs

     90    11.2pp   
 

Lower asset impairment charges

     55    6.0pp   
 

Lower charges from certain legal matters

     33    3.1pp   
 

2008 favorable resolution of Brazilian value added tax claim

     (21)    (1.7)pp   
 

Unfavorable foreign currency

     (96)    (7.9)pp   
 

Other, net

     6    0.2pp   
                
 

Total change in operating income

     396        38.7%   
                
 

Operating Income for the Three Months Ended
September 30, 2009

   $               1,419      
              

Our input costs decreased during the quarter, driven by lower raw material costs (including higher net realized gains from certain commodity hedging activities), partially offset by higher manufacturing costs. Total marketing, administration and research costs, as recorded in the condensed consolidated statement of earnings, decreased $35 million from the third quarter of 2008, but excluding the impacts of divestitures, foreign currency, charges for certain legal matters and prior year Restructuring Program costs, increased $133 million over the third quarter of 2008, primarily due to further investments in our brands. We recognized gains of $19 million on the change in unrealized hedging positions in the third quarter of 2009, versus losses of $141 million in the third quarter of 2008. During the third quarter of 2009, we did not recognize any Restructuring Program charges, versus the $90 million in Restructuring Program charges recognized in the third quarter of 2008. We did not record any asset impairment charges in the third quarter of 2009, versus a $55 million asset impairment charge related to the divestiture of our Nordic and Baltic snacks operation that was recorded in the third quarter of 2008. During the third quarter of 2009, we recorded charges of $22 million for legal matters related to certain of our European operations, versus the $55 million in charges we recorded during the third quarter of 2008 for legal matters related to certain of our U.S. and European operations, including U.S. coffee operations. In addition, unfavorable foreign currency decreased operating income by $96 million, due primarily to the strength of the U.S. dollar against the euro, Russian ruble, Ukrainian hryvnia and Canadian dollar.

 

26


Net Earnings and Earnings per Share Attributable to Kraft Foods – Net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods of $824 million decreased by $538 million (39.5%) in the third quarter of 2009. Diluted EPS from continuing operations attributable to Kraft Foods were $0.55 in the third quarter of 2009, up 61.8% from $0.34 in the third quarter of 2008. Diluted EPS attributable to Kraft Foods were $0.55 in the third quarter of 2009, down 39.6% from $0.91 in the third quarter of 2008, due to the following:

 

                   Net Earnings
Attributable to
Kraft Foods
    Diluted EPS
Attributable to
Kraft Foods
 
                   (in millions, except per share data)  
 

Net Earnings Attributable to Kraft Foods for the Three

Months Ended September 30, 2008 (as revised)

         $ 1,362      $ 0.91   
 

Change in net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods

          
 

Operating gains

             0.08   
 

Lower charges from certain legal matters

             0.01   
 

Change in unrealized gains on hedging activities

             0.07   
 

Lower Restructuring Program costs

             0.04   
 

Lower asset impairment charges

             0.03   
 

2008 favorable resolution of Brazilian value added tax claim

             (0.01
 

Unfavorable foreign currency

             (0.04
 

Higher interest and other expense, net

             (0.01
 

Other changes in taxes, including tax settlements

             0.03   
                  
 

Change in net earnings from continuing operations

             0.20   
 

2008 gain on split-off of our Post cereals business

             (0.57
                  
 

Change in net earnings from discontinued operations

             (0.57
 

Fewer shares outstanding

             0.01   
                  
 

Total change in net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods

           (538 )      (0.36 ) 
                        
 

Net Earnings Attributable to Kraft Foods for the Three

Months Ended September 30, 2009

         $          824      $         0.55   
                        

 

Nine Months Ended September 30:

 

  

        

For the Nine Months Ended

September 30,

            
        

2009

  

2008

   $ change     % change  
         (in millions, except per
share data; 2008 revised)
            
 

Net revenues

   $    29,361    $    31,251    $ (1,890     (6.0%
 

Operating income

   4,218    3,513      705        20.1%   
 

Earnings from continuing operations

   2,317    1,745      572        32.8%   
 

Net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods

   2,311    2,706      (395     (14.6%
 

Diluted earnings per share attributable
to Kraft Foods

   1.56    1.77      (0.21       (11.9%

 

27


Net Revenues – Net revenues decreased $1,890 million (6.0%) to $29,361 million in the first nine months of 2009, due to the following:

 

 

Change in net revenues (by percentage point)

        
 

Unfavorable foreign currency

   (7.2)pp      
 

Unfavorable volume/mix

   (0.8)pp      
 

Impact of divestitures

   (0.7)pp      
 

2008 favorable resolution of Brazilian value added

tax claim

  

(0.2)pp

     
 

Higher net pricing

                   2.9pp      
            
 

Total change in net revenues

   (6.0)%      
            

Unfavorable foreign currency decreased net revenues by $2,235 million, due primarily to the strength of the U.S. dollar against the euro, Canadian dollar, Brazilian real, Russian ruble, Ukrainian hryvnia, British pound and Polish zloty. The unfavorable volume/mix impact on revenues was driven by volume declines across all reportable segments, except U.S. Beverages and U.S. Convenient Meals, in part due to the discontinuation of less profitable product lines and by unfavorable mix in Kraft Foods North America. The impact of divestitures and the absence of the 2008 favorable resolution of a Brazilian value added tax claim also had an unfavorable impact on revenues. The decrease in net revenues was partially offset by higher input cost-driven pricing.

Operating Income – Operating income increased $705 million (20.1%) to $4,218 million in the first nine months of 2009, due to the following:

         Operating
Income
   Change     
         (in millions)    (percentage point)     
 

Operating Income for the Nine Months Ended

September 30, 2008 (as revised)

   $ 3,513      
 

Change in operating income

        
 

Higher pricing

     904    22.3pp   
 

Favorable volume/mix

     59    1.5pp   
 

Higher input costs

     (274)    (6.8)pp   
 

Lower Restructuring Program costs

     344    10.2pp   
 

Change in unrealized gains on hedging activities

     178    4.4pp   
 

Lower losses on divestitures, net

     76    2.7pp   
 

Lower asset impairment charges

     46    1.3pp   
 

Lower charges from certain legal matters

     26    0.7pp   
 

2008 favorable resolution of Brazilian value added tax claim

     (64)    (1.6)pp   
 

Higher marketing, administration and research costs

     (224)    (5.2)pp   
 

Unfavorable foreign currency

     (350)    (8.8)pp   
 

Other, net

     (16)    (0.6)pp   
                
 

Total change in operating income

     705              20.1%   
                
 

Operating Income for the Nine Months Ended

September 30, 2009

   $             4,218      
              

Higher pricing more than offset our input cost increases during the first nine months of 2009, as we recovered some of our cumulative cost increases from prior years. The increase in input costs was driven by higher raw material costs (including higher net realized losses from certain commodity hedging activities) and higher manufacturing costs. During the first nine months of 2009, we reversed $35 million in Restructuring Program charges recorded in the prior year, versus the $309 million in Restructuring Program charges recognized in the first nine months of 2008. We recognized gains of $140 million on the change in unrealized hedging positions in the first nine months of 2009, versus losses of $38 million in the first nine months of 2008. We recorded $17 million of net losses on divestitures in the first nine months of 2009, versus $93 million of net losses on divestitures that were recorded in the first nine months of 2008. We recorded a $9 million asset impairment charge to write-off an investment in Norway in the first nine months of 2009, versus a $55 million asset impairment charge related to the divestiture of our Nordic and Baltic snacks operation that was recorded in the first nine months of 2008. During the first nine months of 2009, we recorded charges of $29 million for legal matters related to certain of our European operations, versus the $55 million in charges we recorded during the first nine months of 2008 for legal matters related to certain of our U.S. and European operations, including U.S. coffee operations. Total marketing, administration and research costs, as recorded in the condensed consolidated statement of earnings, decreased $297 million from the first nine months of 2008, but excluding the impacts of divestitures, foreign currency, charges for certain legal matters and prior year Restructuring Program costs, increased $224 million over the first nine months of 2008, primarily due to further investments in our brands. In addition, unfavorable foreign currency decreased operating income by $350 million, due primarily to the strength of the U.S. dollar against the euro, Canadian dollar, British pound, Brazilian real, Russian ruble, Korean won, Ukrainian hryvnia and Polish zloty.

 

28


Net Earnings and Earnings per Share Attributable to Kraft Foods – Net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods of $2,311 million decreased by $395 million (14.6%) in the first nine months of 2009. Diluted EPS from continuing operations attributable to Kraft Foods were $1.56 in the first nine months of 2009, up 36.8% from $1.14 in the first nine months of 2008. Diluted EPS attributable to Kraft Foods were $1.56 in the first nine months of 2009, down 11.9% from $1.77 in the first nine months of 2008, due to the following:

 

         Net Earnings
Attributable to
Kraft Foods
    Diluted EPS
Attributable to
Kraft Foods
 
         (in millions, except per share data)  
 

Net Earnings Attributable to Kraft Foods for the Nine

Months Ended September 30, 2008 (as revised)

   $  2,706      $  1.77   
 

Change in net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods

    
 

Operating gains

       0.18   
 

Lower charges from certain legal matters

       0.01   
 

Lower Restructuring Program costs

       0.16   
 

Change in unrealized gains on hedging activities

       0.08   
 

Lower asset impairment charges

       0.03   
 

Lower losses on divestitures, net

       0.03   
 

2008 favorable resolution of Brazilian value added tax claim

       (0.03
 

Unfavorable foreign currency

       (0.15
 

Lower interest and other expense, net

       0.01   
 

Other changes in taxes, including tax settlements

       0.06   
            
 

Change in net earnings from continuing operations

       0.38   
 

2008 gain on the split-off of our Post cereals business

       (0.56
 

Decreased earnings from discontinued operations

       (0.07
            
 

Change in net earnings from discontinued operations

       (0.63
 

Fewer shares outstanding

       0.04   
            
 

Total change in net earnings attributable to Kraft Foods

     (395     (0.21
                  
 

Net Earnings Attributable to Kraft Foods for the Nine

Months Ended September 30, 2009

   $ 2,311      $ 1.56   
                  

Results of Operations by Reportable Segment

Effective January 2009, we began implementing changes to our operating structure based on our Organizing For Growth initiative and the Kraft Foods Europe Reorganization. In line with our strategies, we are reorganizing our European operations to function on a pan-European centralized category management and value chain model, and we changed how we work in Europe in two key ways:

 

   

We transitioned our European Biscuit, Chocolate, Coffee and Cheese categories to fully integrated business units, further strengthening our focus on these core categories. To ensure decisions are made faster and closer to our customers and consumers, each category is fully accountable for its financial results, including marketing, manufacturing and R&D. Category leadership, based in Zurich, Switzerland, reports to the Kraft Foods Europe President. These business units now comprise the Kraft Foods Europe segment.

   

We aligned the reporting of our Central Europe operations into our Kraft Foods Developing Markets segment to help build critical scale in these countries. We operate a country-led model in these markets.

On March 26, 2009, we filed a Form 8-K with the SEC related to our new operating structure. Refer to the Form 8-K for additional information reconciling our prior period reportable segments to our new reportable segments.

 

29


We manage and report operating results through three commercial units: Kraft Foods North America, Kraft Foods Europe and Kraft Foods Developing Markets. We manage the operations of Kraft Foods North America and Kraft Foods Europe by product category, and we manage the operations of Kraft Foods Developing Markets by geographic location. Our reportable segments are U.S. Beverages, U.S. Cheese, U.S. Convenient Meals, U.S. Grocery, U.S. Snacks, Canada & North America Foodservice, Kraft Foods Europe (formerly known as European Union) and Kraft Foods Developing Markets.

The following discussion compares our operating results of each of our reportable segments for the three months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008.

 

         For the Three Months Ended
September 30,
    For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
         2009     2008     2009     2008  
         (in millions; 2008 revised)  
 

Net revenues:

        
 

Kraft Foods North America:

        
 

U.S. Beverages

   $ 754      $ 743      $ 2,373      $ 2,304   
 

U.S. Cheese

     824        919        2,605        2,848   
 

U.S. Convenient Meals

     1,135        1,081        3,418        3,202   
 

U.S. Grocery

     778        802        2,569        2,506   
 

U.S. Snacks

     1,232        1,274        3,717        3,736   
 

Canada & N.A. Foodservice

     1,055        1,109        2,989        3,279   
 

Kraft Foods Europe (1)

     2,070        2,338        6,081        7,239   
 

Kraft Foods Developing Markets

     1,955        2,135        5,609        6,137   
                                  
 

Net revenues

   $ 9,803      $ 10,401      $       29,361      $       31,251   
                                  
 

(1)    This segment was formerly known as European Union.

        
         For the Three Months Ended
September 30,
    For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
         2009     2008     2009     2008  
         (in millions; 2008 revised)  
 

Operating income:

        
 

Segment Operating Income:

        
 

Kraft Foods North America:

        
 

U.S. Beverages

   $ 133      $ 83      $ 443      $ 363   
 

U.S. Cheese

     166        148        463        373   
 

U.S. Convenient Meals

     127        79        409        275   
 

U.S. Grocery

     258        236        859        781   
 

U.S. Snacks

     196        190        530        532   
 

Canada & N.A. Foodservice

     156        153        386        391   
 

Kraft Foods Europe

     211        115        565        348   
 

Kraft Foods Developing Markets

     285        279        745        715   
 

Unrealized gains / (losses) on

hedging activities

     19        (141     140        (38
 

Certain U.S. pension plan costs

     (27            (121       
 

General corporate expenses

     (99     (112     (186     (209
 

Amortization of intangibles

     (6     (7     (15     (18
                                  
 

Operating income

   $         1,419      $         1,023      $         4,218      $         3,513   
                                  

As discussed in Note 14, Segment Reporting, our management uses segment operating income to evaluate segment performance and allocate resources. We believe it is appropriate to disclose this measure to help investors analyze segment performance and trends. Segment operating income excludes unrealized gains and losses on hedging activities (which are a component of cost of sales), certain components of our U.S. pension plan cost (which is a component of cost of sales and marketing, administration and research costs), general corporate expenses (which are a component of marketing, administration and research costs) and amortization of intangibles for all periods presented. In 2009, we began excluding certain components of our U.S. pension plan cost from segment operating income because we centrally manage pension plan funding decisions and the determination of discount rate, expected rate of return on plan assets and other actuarial assumptions. Therefore, we allocate only the service cost component of our U.S. pension plan expense to segment operating income. We exclude the unrealized gains and losses on hedging activities from segment operating income in order to provide better transparency of our segment operating results. Once realized, the gains and losses on hedging activities are recorded within segment operating results. Accordingly, we do not present these items by segment because they are excluded from the segment profitability measure that management reviews.

 

30


U.S. Beverages

         For the Three Months Ended                 
         September 30,                 
         2009    2008    $ change      % change        
         (in millions; 2008 revised)                 
 

Net revenues

   $         754    $         743    $           11      1.5%     
 

Segment operating income

     133      83      50      60.2%     
         For the Nine Months Ended                 
         September 30,                 
         2009    2008    $ change     % change      
         (in millions; 2008 revised)                 
 

Net revenues

   $ 2,373    $ 2,304    $ 69      3.0%     
 

Segment operating income

     443      363      80      22.0%     

 

Three Months Ended September 30:

Net revenues increased $11 million (1.5%), due to higher net pricing (2.6 pp), partially offset by unfavorable volume/mix (1.1 pp). Higher net pricing was primarily related to ready-to-drink beverages, partially offset by lower input cost-driven pricing in coffee. The unfavorable volume/mix impact on net revenue was primarily driven by lower shipments in ready-to-drink beverages, including the discontinuation of a less profitable product line and management’s decision to forego unprofitable volume in coffee. These factors were partially offset by volume gains in Starbucks coffee and Kool-Aid powdered beverages.

 

Segment operating income increased $50 million (60.2%), due primarily to lower costs due to the completion of the Restructuring Program, higher net pricing and lower raw material costs, partially offset by higher marketing support costs.

 

Nine Months Ended September 30:

Net revenues increased $69 million (3.0%), due to favorable volume/mix (2.6 pp) and higher net pricing (0.4 pp). Favorable volume/mix was driven by higher shipments in all categories. Ready-to-drink beverages grew behind successful quality and marketing investments in Capri Sun, partially offset by the discontinuation of less profitable ready-to-drink product lines. Coffee volume increased primarily due to strong growth in Maxwell House, while powdered beverages volume increased due to gains in Kool-Aid. These favorable factors were partially offset by unfavorable mix driven by the higher ready-to-drink volume. Higher net pricing was primarily related to ready-to-drink beverages, partially offset by lower input cost-driven pricing in coffee.

 

Segment operating income increased $80 million (22.0%), due primarily to lower costs due to the completion of the Restructuring Program, favorable volume/mix (higher shipments, net of unfavorable product mix), lower marketing, administration and research costs and higher net pricing, partially offset by higher marketing support costs.

 

U.S. Cheese

         For the Three Months Ended                 
         September 30,                 
         2009    2008    $ change     % change      
         (in millions; 2008 revised)                 
 

Net revenues

   $ 824    $ 919    $           (95   (10.3%  
 

Segment operating income

     166      148      18      12.2%     
         For the Nine Months Ended                 
         September 30,                 
         2009    2008    $ change     % change      
         (in millions; 2008 revised)                 
 

Net revenues

   $ 2,605    $ 2,848    $ (243   (8.5%  
 

Segment operating income

     463      373      90      24.1%     

 

31


Three Months Ended September 30:

Net revenues decreased $95 million (10.3%), due to lower net pricing (17.1 pp), partially offset by favorable volume/mix (6.8 pp). Lower net pricing was due to input cost-driven pricing combined with increases in promotional spending. Favorable volume/mix was driven by higher shipments in sandwich cheese, cream cheese, natural cheese, recipe cheese and grated cheese.

Segment operating income increased $18 million (12.2%), due primarily to lower raw material costs (primarily lower dairy costs), favorable volume/mix (higher shipments and improved product mix) and lower manufacturing costs, partially offset by lower net pricing and higher marketing, administration and research costs (including higher marketing support costs).

Nine Months Ended September 30:

Net revenues decreased $243 million (8.5%), due to lower net pricing (7.2 pp) and unfavorable volume/mix (1.3 pp). Lower net pricing was due to lower input cost-driven pricing combined with increases in promotional spending. Net revenues also declined in the first nine months due to lower shipments, primarily due to cultured and natural cheese products.

Segment operating income increased $90 million (24.1%), due primarily to lower raw material costs (primarily lower dairy costs), lower manufacturing costs, lower costs due to the completion of the Restructuring Program and lower marketing, administration and research costs, partially offset by lower net pricing.

U.S. Convenient Meals

         For the Three Months Ended               
         September 30,               
         2009    2008    $ change    % change     
         (in millions; 2008 revised)               
 

Net revenues

   $ 1,135    $ 1,081    $ 54    5.0%   
 

Segment operating income

     127      79      48    60.8%   
         For the Nine Months Ended               
         September 30,               
         2009    2008    $ change    % change     
         (in millions; 2008 revised)               
 

Net revenues

   $       3,418    $       3,202    $         216    6.7%   
 

Segment operating income

     409      275      134          48.7%   

Three Months Ended September 30:

Net revenues increased $54 million (5.0%), due to favorable volume/mix (5.9 pp), partially offset by lower net pricing (0.9 pp). Net revenues increased in meats, driven by higher shipments in bacon, hot dogs and cold cuts. In addition, meats net revenue growth reflected higher pricing, net of increased promotional spending. In pizza, net revenues increased due to volume growth in our DiGiorno and California Pizza Kitchen premium brands, primarily behind the For One product platform and DiGiorno Crispy Flatbread Pizza, as well as growth in our Jack’s and Tombstone Pizza brands, partially offset by the unfavorable impact of the discontinuation of less profitable product lines. Also, pizza net revenue growth was negatively impacted by lower net pricing, driven by increased promotional spending.

Segment operating income increased $48 million (60.8%), due primarily to lower raw material costs, favorable volume/mix (higher shipments and improved product mix), lower costs due to the completion of the Restructuring Program and lower manufacturing costs, partially offset by higher marketing support costs, lower net pricing, and higher marketing, administration and research costs.

Nine Months Ended September 30:

Net revenues increased $216 million (6.7%), due to favorable volume/mix (3.5 pp) and higher net pricing (3.2 pp). Net revenues increased in meats, driven by higher net pricing, due to input cost-driven pricing, net of increased promotional spending. Also, total shipments increased slightly for the first nine months due to higher shipments in bacon, which offset the discontinuation of less profitable product lines. In pizza, net revenues increased due to the volume growth in our DiGiorno and California Pizza Kitchen premium brands, primarily behind the For One product platform and DiGiorno Crispy Flatbread Pizza, as well as growth in our Jack’s and Tombstone Pizza brands, partially offset by the unfavorable impact of the discontinuation of less profitable product lines. Also contributing to higher pizza net revenues was higher input cost-driven pricing, net of increased promotional spending.

Segment operating income increased $134 million (48.7%), due primarily to higher net pricing, favorable volume/mix (improved product mix and higher shipments) and lower costs due to the completion of the Restructuring Program, partially offset by higher marketing support costs, higher marketing, administration and research costs and higher input costs (primarily higher raw material costs).

 

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U.S. Grocery

         For the Three Months Ended
September 30,
                
         2009    2008        $ change            % change         
         (in millions; 2008 revised)                 
 

Net revenues

   $ 778    $ 802    $ (24   (3.0%  
 

Segment operating income

     258      236      22      9.3%     
         For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,
                
         2009    2008    $ change     % change      
         (in millions; 2008 revised)                 
 

Net revenues

   $ 2,569    $ 2,506    $ 63      2.5%     
 

Segment operating income

     859      781      78      10.0%     

Three Months Ended September 30:

Net revenues decreased $24 million (3.0%), due to unfavorable volume/mix (2.3 pp) and lower net pricing (0.7 pp). Unfavorable volume/mix primarily reflected the 2008 exit of Handi-Snacks ready-to-eat desserts, as well as lower shipments in Kraft macaroni and cheese dinners, Jell-O ready-to-eat-desserts and Cool Whip. This was partially offset by growth in spoonable salad dressings and dry packaged desserts. In addition, net revenues decreased due to lower net pricing, driven by higher promotional spending.

Segment operating income increased $22 million (9.3%), due primarily to lower raw material costs and lower manufacturing costs, partially offset by higher marketing support costs and lower net pricing.

Nine Months Ended September 30:

Net revenues increased $63 million (2.5%), due to higher net pricing (4.3 pp), partially offset by unfavorable volume/mix (1.8 pp). Net revenues increased due to higher input cost-driven pricing across our key categories, primarily spoonable and pourable salad dressings, ready-to-eat desserts and dry packaged desserts. Net revenues growth was partially offset by lower volume, net of favorable product mix. This reflected the 2008 exit of Handi-Snacks ready-to-eat desserts, as well as lower shipments in pourable and spoonable salad dressings, barbeque sauce and Jell-O ready-to-eat-desserts, which were partially offset by growth in Kraft macaroni and cheese dinners.

Segment operating income increased $78 million (10.0%), due primarily to higher net pricing, lower manufacturing costs, lower marketing, administration and research costs and lower costs due to the completion of the Restructuring Program, partially offset by higher raw material costs, higher marketing support costs and unfavorable volume/mix (lower shipments, net of improved product mix).

U.S. Snacks

         For the Three Months Ended
September 30,
                
         2009    2008        $ change            % change         
         (in millions; 2008 revised)                 
 

Net revenues

   $ 1,232    $ 1,274    $ (42   (3.3%  
 

Segment operating income

     196      190      6      3.2%     
         For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,
                
         2009    2008    $ change     % change      
         (in millions; 2008 revised)                 
 

Net revenues

   $ 3,717    $ 3,736    $ (19   (0.5%  
 

Segment operating income

     530      532      (2   (0.4%  

Three Months Ended September 30:

Net revenues decreased $42 million (3.3%), due to lower net pricing (3.3 pp). Biscuits net revenues decreased, driven by lower net pricing, including higher promotional spending, partially offset by favorable volume/mix. Biscuits volume gains were due to higher shipments in Chips Ahoy! cookies, Oreo cookies, Ritz crackers and Triscuit crackers. Snack bars net revenues decreased, primarily due to volume declines in breakfast bars. Snack nuts net revenues decreased, as favorable volume/mix (improved product mix and higher shipments) was more than offset by lower net pricing, primarily due to increased promotional spending.

 

33


Segment operating income increased $6 million (3.2%), due primarily to lower manufacturing costs, lower raw material costs (including lower realized losses from certain commodity hedging activities) and lower marketing support costs, partially offset by lower net pricing and higher marketing, administration and research costs.

Nine Months Ended September 30:

Net revenues decreased $19 million (0.5%), due to unfavorable volume/mix (2.2 pp), partially offset by higher net pricing (1.7 pp). Biscuits net revenues increased, driven by higher input cost-driven pricing, partially offset by unfavorable volume/mix (unfavorable product mix, net of higher shipments). Biscuits volume gain was due to higher shipments in Oreo cookies, Ritz and Triscuit crackers and Chips Ahoy! cookies. Snack bars net revenues decreased, primarily due to volume declines in breakfast bars. Snack nuts net revenues decreased, primarily driven by lower net pricing, due to higher promotional spending, and lower volume due to the recall of certain products containing pistachios in March 2009.

Segment operating income decreased $2 million (0.4%), due primarily to higher raw material costs (including lower realized gains from certain commodity hedging activities) and unfavorable volume/mix (unfavorable product mix and lower shipments, including the recall of certain products containing pistachios), partially offset by higher net pricing, lower marketing support costs, lower manufacturing costs, lower marketing, administration and research costs and lower costs due to the completion of the Restructuring Program.

Canada & N.A. Foodservice

         For the Three Months Ended
September 30,
                
         2009    2008        $ change            % change         
         (in millions; 2008 revised)                 
 

Net revenues

   $ 1,055    $ 1,109    $ (54   (4.9%  
 

Segment operating income

     156      153      3      2.0%     
         For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,